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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Spectrum Needs of Self-Driving Vehicles

Spectrum Needs of Self-Driving Vehicles

Date: October 28, 2014
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses issues with the operation and implementation of communication systems for self-driving vehicles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deficient Bridge Count Drops Again

Deficient Bridge Count Drops Again

Date: March 6, 2015
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Description: This report briefly discusses overall decline in the number of deficient bridges in 2014 and the long-term downward trend, particularly among bridges posing structural safety concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the passenger facility charge (PFC), within the broader context of airport capital development finance. After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, and the types of projects the program funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rail Safety Efforts Miss Leading Cause of Fatalities

Rail Safety Efforts Miss Leading Cause of Fatalities

Date: April 2, 2015
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: This report briefly discusses the debate over the reauthorization of the Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (RSIA08; P.L. 110-432). Congress is focusing on steps to prevent train derailments and collisions. Such incidents often receive extensive publicity and cause harm to bystanders, such as the residents of Mount Carbon, West Virginia, who were forced to evacuate after a train carrying crude oil derailed and burned on February 16, 2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Essential Air Service (EAS): Frequently Asked Questions

Essential Air Service (EAS): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: October 3, 2012
Creator: Tang, Rachel
Description: This report provides an overview of the Essential Air Service (EAS) program and the legislative issues surrounding it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Essential Air Service: Frequently Asked Questions

Essential Air Service: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 3, 2011
Creator: Tang, Rachel
Description: This report provides an overview of the Essential Air Service (EAS) program and the legislative issues surrounding it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surface Transportation Funding and Finance

Surface Transportation Funding and Finance

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Fischer, John W; Kirk, Robert S. & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report discusses changes in funding to the national surface transportation infrastructure, especially in light of the recession that began in 2007, which led to decreases in driving and fuel use. This report focuses on possible revenue sources for surface transportation infrastructure. It begins with a brief discussion of the problems associated with the trust fund financing system and then explores possible immediate and longer-term solutions to the financing problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Status of Mexican Trucks in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions

Status of Mexican Trucks in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: May 16, 2011
Creator: Frittelli, John.
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions regarding the current plan to permit Mexican trucks into the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Keeping America's Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Keeping America's Pipelines Safe and Secure: Key Issues for Congress

Date: March 13, 2012
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: Nearly half a million miles of pipeline transporting natural gas, oil, and other hazardous liquids crisscross the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage. The nation's pipeline networks are also widespread and vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attack. As it oversees the federal pipeline safety program and the federal role in pipeline security, Congress may wish to assess how the various elements of U.S. pipeline safety and security fit together in the nation's overall strategy to protect transportation infrastructure. Pipeline safety and security necessarily involve many groups: federal agencies, oil and gas pipeline associations, large and small pipeline operators, and local communities. Reviewing how these groups work together to achieve common goals could be an oversight challenge for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Waiver Authority Under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Waiver Authority Under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Date: September 25, 2012
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the renewable fuel standard (RFS) program and discusses the process and criteria for EPA to approve a waiver petition. Transportation fuels are required by federal law to contain a minimum amount of renewable fuel each year. The RFS, established by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct, P.L. 109-58) and amended by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140), requires that 15.2 billion gallons of renewable fuels be blended into gasoline and other transportation fuels in 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Transportation Bill Would Hold Spending Below Senate Bill

House Transportation Bill Would Hold Spending Below Senate Bill

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report discusses the Surface Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015 (STRRA), which provides only those spending increases the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has determined are needed to cover projected inflation in the cost of the existing surface transportation program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cargo Preferences for U.S.-Flag Shipping

Cargo Preferences for U.S.-Flag Shipping

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: This report explains the motivation behind cargo preference law, discusses issues concerning the cost-effectiveness of the program, and reviews attempts to apply cargo preference to the nation's oil trade. The report also identifies several disparate bills reflecting wide disagreement on the future direction of cargo preference policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Air Service Controversies: Frequently Asked Questions

International Air Service Controversies: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: May 4, 2015
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report addresses some of the most frequently asked questions related to on-going controversies related to international "open skies" agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changes in Airport Passenger Screening Technologies and Procedures: Frequently Asked Questions

Changes in Airport Passenger Screening Technologies and Procedures: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: January 26, 2011
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report contains answers to numerous questions regarding airport passenger screening.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 6, 2014
Creator: Frittelli, John; Parfomak, Paul W.; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Andrews, Anthony; Pirog, Robert & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the challenges in the transportation of oil, as refineries that once received crude oil principally from oceangoing tankers are now seeing increasing deliveries by domestic transport. It also outlines possible issues for Congress including rail transport of oil versus pipelines, and the possible increase of oil spills from rail transport.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 24, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 28, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway and Public Transportation Infrastructure Provision Using Public-Private Partnerships (P3s)

Highway and Public Transportation Infrastructure Provision Using Public-Private Partnerships (P3s)

Date: March 5, 2014
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Description: This report discusses two broad policy options for Congress as it considers reauthorizing federal surface transportation programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 27, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 5, 2014
Creator: Frittelli, John; Parfomak, Paul W.; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Andrews, Anthony; Pirog, Robert & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the challenges in the transportation of oil, as refineries that once received crude oil principally from oceangoing tankers are now seeing increasing deliveries by domestic transport. It also outlines possible issues for Congress including rail transport of oil versus pipelines, and the possible increase of oil spills from rail transport.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 9, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 5, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 27, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

Date: March 22, 2013
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Rosenblum, Marc R.
Description: This report describes and analyzes U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) role in the U.S. import process. (The report does not cover CBP's role in the U.S. export control system.)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department