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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations

The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations

Date: November 30, 2009
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report first examines Germany's economic performance in historical perspective and assesses some of the domestic factors that may be contributing to Germany's suboptimal performance; the second discusses the reform challenges facing Germany's political leaders; and the third section evaluates a few salient U.S.-German economic policy differences and strains that seem to be influenced by Germany's weakened economic situation.
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World Trade Organization (WTO): Issues in the Debate on Continued U.S. Participation

World Trade Organization (WTO): Issues in the Debate on Continued U.S. Participation

Date: June 16, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: Following World War II, the United States led efforts to establish an open and nondiscriminatory trading system with the expressed goal of raising the economic well-being of all countries and bolstering world peace. These efforts culminated in the creation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1948, a provisional agreement on tariffs and trade rules that governed world trade for 47 years. The World Trade Organization (WTO) succeeded the GATT in 1995 and today serves as a permanent body that administers the rules and agreements negotiated and signed by 153 participating parties, as well as a forum for dispute settlement and negotiations. The purpose of this report is to analyze some of the main issues in any debate on U.S. participation in the WTO and to address some of the criticisms leveled at the organization. Academic studies indicate that the United States benefits from broad reductions in trade barriers worldwide, but some workers and industries might not share in those gains. Decisions in the WTO are made by member governments, which determine their negotiating positions, file dispute challenges, and implement their decisions. However, some argue that smaller countries are left out of decision-making and that governments tend ...
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U.S. - European Union Disputes in the World Trade Organization

U.S. - European Union Disputes in the World Trade Organization

Date: May 27, 2003
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report discusses disputes in the World Trade Organization (WTO) between the United States and the European Union (EU). The report begins with an overview of the issues to be addressed, and continues with a brief description of the WTO dispute settlement process, a summary of U.S.-EU dispute settlement history, and a review of issues arising from cases of longstanding non-compliance. The report concludes with a discussion of continuing concerns and policy considerations.
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U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

Date: September 1, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report examines Thailand’s economy and trade orientation, the scope and significance of the U.S.-Thai commercial relationship, and the likely top issues in the negotiations. The report concludes with a short summary of the Congressional role and interest in the FTA.
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Ex-Im Bank's General Statutory Authority Expires

Ex-Im Bank's General Statutory Authority Expires

Date: July 1, 2015
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report discusses the Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank), a wholly owned federal government corporation which seeks to provide direct loans, loan guarantees, and export credit insurance to: (1) support exports that the private sector is unwilling or unable to finance alone at commercially viable terms; and/or (2) counter government-backed financing offered by foreign countries through their export credit agency (ECA).
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Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Debate

Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Debate

Date: August 18, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate regarding the Export-Import Bank of the United States, a federal government corporation which is the the official export credit agency (ECA) of the U.S. Government. The bank's statutory charter expires on September 30, 2014, meaning that its authority to obligations generally would cease and a wind-down of operations would be required. The report gives four possible scenarios for approaches Congress could take in regards to approaching the bank's future authorization status.
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Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: June 6, 2013
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: Report that discusses: President Obama's trade reorganization proposal; the context of the trade reorganization debate; key issues that Congress may face related to the debate; potential policy options for Congress; and the outlook for trade reorganization.
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Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP): In Brief

Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP): In Brief

Date: June 11, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP), and discusses the congressional interest, market access, regulatory issues, and trade-related rules.
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Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): In Brief

Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): In Brief

Date: July 23, 2013
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: Report that discusses the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), that is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) being negotiated between the United States and the European Union (EU).
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Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Negotiations

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Negotiations

Date: February 4, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report provides: (1) context for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations; (2) analysis of possible trade and investment issues in the negotiations; and (3) discussion of issues for Congress. The U.S.-EU negotiations on TTIP are not public, however, the information and analysis in this report on issues in the negotiations are based on publicly-available information.
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