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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
United States-Canada Trade and Economic Relationship: Prospects and Challenges

United States-Canada Trade and Economic Relationship: Prospects and Challenges

Date: September 2, 2010
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report examines the various aspects of the United States-Canada trade and economic partnership and presents several policy options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement

Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement

Date: February 16, 2006
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: This report discusses the free trade agreement (FTA) between United States and Morocco. The United States and Morocco reached agreement on March 2, 2004 to create a free trade agreement.
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China’s Currency: Economic Issues and Options for U.S. Trade Policy

China’s Currency: Economic Issues and Options for U.S. Trade Policy

Date: June 28, 2007
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Labonte, Marc
Description: The continued rise in China’s trade surplus with the United States and the world, and complaints from U.S. manufacturing firms and workers over the competitive challenges posed by Chinese imports have led several Members to call for a more aggressive U.S. stance against certain Chinese trade policies they deem to be unfair. This report examines China's currency policy its implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China’s Trade with the United States and the World

China’s Trade with the United States and the World

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Lum, Thomas & Nanto, Dick K
Description: This report provides a quantitative framework for policy considerations dealing with U.S. trade with China. It provides basic data and analysis of China’s international trade with the United States and other countries. Since Chinese data differ considerably from those of its trading partners (because of how entrepot trade through Hong Kong is counted), data from both PRC sources and those of its trading partners are presented. Charts showing import trends by sector for the United States highlight China’s growing market shares in many industries and also show import shares for Japan, Canada, Mexico, the European Union, and the Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN ).
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The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR)

The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR)

Date: April 4, 2006
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report addresses the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR). The CAFTA-DR is a regional agreement with all parties subject to “the same set of obligations and commitments,” but with each country defining its own market access schedule.
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Softwood Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Softwood Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: June 6, 2005
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute over softwood lumber imports from Canada, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses current issues and events.
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Arab League Boycott of Israel

Arab League Boycott of Israel

Date: April 12, 2007
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Arab League's boycott of Israeli companies and Israeli-made goods since Israel's founding in 1948, as well as U.S. efforts to end the boycott and prevent U.S. firms in participating in the boycott.
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The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress

Date: March 14, 2006
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report gives an analysis of the unconditional most-favored-nation (MFN) status, or in U.S. statutory parlance, normal trade relations (NTR) status, which is a fundamental principle of the World Trade Organization (WTO). This conflicts with the U.S. laws under Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 that limits trade status with several nations undergoing accession into the WTO. On June 12, 2012, Sen. Max Baucus introduced a bill with bipartisan co-sponsorship to authorize PNTR for Russia. The report includes information about MFN status and the WTO, the Jackson-Vanik Amendment restricting trade, the case of China, and prospective WTO accessions.
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U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends

U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends

Date: May 18, 2007
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report looks at the status, implications, and alternatives to current free trade agreements in the Latin America. Trade is one of the more enduring issues in contemporary U.S.-Latin America relations. Latin America is far from the largest U.S. regional trade partner, but it is the fastest growing one, with the current exception of Africa. Over the last 15 years, the United States has implemented multiple free trade agreements with the region, which are more comprehensive than those that include only Latin American countries.
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U.S. - European Union Disputes in the World Trade Organization

U.S. - European Union Disputes in the World Trade Organization

Date: May 27, 2003
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report discusses disputes in the World Trade Organization (WTO) between the United States and the European Union (EU). The report begins with an overview of the issues to be addressed, and continues with a brief description of the WTO dispute settlement process, a summary of U.S.-EU dispute settlement history, and a review of issues arising from cases of longstanding non-compliance. The report concludes with a discussion of continuing concerns and policy considerations.
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The World Trade Organization: The Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) Negotiations

The World Trade Organization: The Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) Negotiations

Date: August 19, 2008
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report looks at the evolution of the Doha Round World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations, possible effects of the Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) agreement, and major negotiating issues from a U.S. standpoint. NAMA refers to the cutting of tariff and non-tariff barriers (NTB) on industrial and primary products, basically all trade in goods which are not foodstuffs.
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United States-Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations: Background and Potential Issues

United States-Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations: Background and Potential Issues

Date: July 24, 2008
Creator: Langton, Danielle
Description: This report discusses negotiations to launch a free trade agreement (FTA) between the United States and the five members of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland) that began on June 3, 2003. A potential FTA would eliminate tariffs over time, reduce or eliminate non-tariff barriers, liberalize service trade, protect intellectual property rights, and provide technical assistance to help SACU nations achieve the goals of the agreement. This potential agreement would be subject to congressional approval.
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Section 301 of The Trade Act of 1974, As Amended: Its Operation and Issues Involving its Use by the United States

Section 301 of The Trade Act of 1974, As Amended: Its Operation and Issues Involving its Use by the United States

Date: August 17, 2000
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report describes the Section 301 process (including the related Special 301 and Super 301 processes) and examines questions that arise from its use. Section 301 is one of the principal means by whichthe United States attempts to combat unfair trading practices and enforce U.S. rights under trade agreements
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U.S.-Russia Meat and Poultry Trade Issues

U.S.-Russia Meat and Poultry Trade Issues

Date: April 2, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée & Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: In December 2008, the United States and Russia signed a protocol aimed at resolving various emerging trade issues between the two countries in order to continue U.S. livestock and poultry exports to Russia through the end of 2009. This report examines the current trade relationship between the U.S. and Russia in regards to meat and poultry.
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U.S. Trade and Investment in the Middle East and North Africa: Overview and Issues for Congress

U.S. Trade and Investment in the Middle East and North Africa: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: February 28, 2013
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.; Bolle, Mary Jane & Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: U.S. interest in deepening economic ties with certain countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has increased in light of the political unrest and transitions that have swept the region since early 2011. This report analyzes policy approaches that the Congress might consider concerning U.S.-MENA trade and investment.
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U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

Date: September 1, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report examines Thailand’s economy and trade orientation, the scope and significance of the U.S.-Thai commercial relationship, and the likely top issues in the negotiations. The report concludes with a short summary of the Congressional role and interest in the FTA.
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The U.S. Trade Deficit: Role of Foreign Governments

The U.S. Trade Deficit: Role of Foreign Governments

Date: July 5, 2006
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: The nation’s trade deficit is equal to the imbalance between national investment and national saving. This report discusses several trends in U.S. trade balance and what they mean for the economy.
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Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: December 18, 2008
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.; Cook, Colleen W. & Durand, Alessandra
Description: This report covers the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and U.S.-Mexico drug trafficking. It also looks at migration, environmental issues, legislation in the 110th Congress, and the relationship between the Bush Administration and Mexico.
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The Proposed U.S.-Malaysia Free Trade Agreement

The Proposed U.S.-Malaysia Free Trade Agreement

Date: October 16, 2006
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report addresses the proposed U.S.-Malaysia free trade agreement (FTA). It provides a brief overview of the Malaysian economy, a review of U.S. interests in the proposed agreement, an examination of possible issues likely to arise during the negotiations, a comparison of tariff rates between the two countries, legislative procedures, and an appendix with a brief chronology and trade data — including U.S. exports to Malaysia by sector and exports to Malaysia by state.
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China’s Currency: An Analysis of the Economic Issues

China’s Currency: An Analysis of the Economic Issues

Date: December 30, 2010
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides an overview of the economic issues surrounding the current debate over China’s currency policy. It identifies the economic costs and benefits of China’s currency policy for both China and the United States, and possible implications if China were to allow its currency to significantly appreciate or to float freely. It also examines proposed legislation in the 111th Congress that seek to address China’s currency policy.
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Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: April 18, 2003
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses U.S. arms sales to Taiwan, or Republic of China (ROC), including policy issues for Congress and legislation. The Taiwan Relations Act (TRA), P.L. 96-8, has governed U.S. arms sales to Taiwan since 1979, when the United States recognized the People’s Republic of China (PRC) instead of the ROC. There are two other relevant elements of the “one China” policy: the August 17, 1982 U.S.-PRC Joint Communique and the “Six Assurances” made to Taiwan.
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Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Date: June 5, 1998
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E. & Shuey, Robert D.
Description: This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions and the events that might necessitate their use, criteria to consider when determining if sanctions are appropriate, approaches that might be effective, and aspects of the use of sanctions that are sometimes overlooked or not considered fully. The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law.
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The Growth of the Private Sector in China and Implications For China’s Accession to the World Trade Organization

The Growth of the Private Sector in China and Implications For China’s Accession to the World Trade Organization

Date: March 28, 2001
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the growth of the private sector in China, which has occurred to a large extent from the government’s efforts to reform China’s money-losing state-owned enterprises (SOEs). Workers who have been laid off from SOEs have been encouraged to find jobs in the private sector or to start their own businesses.
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China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

Date: October 21, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides background on China's economic rise; describes its current economic structure; identifies the challenges China faces to maintain economic growth; and discusses the challenges, opportunities, and implications of China's economic rise for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department