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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: October 12, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: August 3, 2003
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Status of Trade Legislation in the 107th Congress

Status of Trade Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: February 6, 2002
Creator: Jones, Vivian C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

Date: May 18, 2015
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa
Description: This report describes and analyzes U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) role in the U.S. import process. The first section of the report describes the three overarching goals of U.S. import policy and the tension among them. Second, the report summarizes recent legislative developments and provides a legislative history of customs laws, followed by an overview of the U.S. import process as it operates today. Third, the import process and CBP's role in it are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: May 31, 2012
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: On January 13, 2012, President Obama asked Congress for authority to reorganize and consolidate into one department the business- and trade-related functions of six federal entities. U.S. policymakers' interest in the organizational structure of U.S. government trade functions has grown in recent years, stimulated by congressional and federal efforts to promote U.S. exports and employment, including through the National Export Initiative (NEI). Interest also has been stimulated by national debates on reducing federal spending and the size of the U.S. government. This report looks at the policy debate and role of Congress in such a move.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Date: April 3, 2012
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report is an introductory overview of the legal framework governing trade-related measures. The agreements and laws selected for discussion are those most commonly implicated by U.S. trade interests, but there are U.S. trade laws and obligations beyond those reviewed in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report is an introductory overview of the legal framework governing trade-related measures. The agreements and laws selected for discussion are those most-commonly implicated by U.S. trade interests, but there are U.S. trade laws and obligations beyond those reviewed in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Date: March 21, 2006
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reciprocity in International Trade

Reciprocity in International Trade

Date: June 28, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's International Trade Patterns, Institutions, and Policies

Japan's International Trade Patterns, Institutions, and Policies

Date: March 15, 1982
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: This report presents an overview of Japan's performance in its trading relations. The report begins with a discussion of the development, size, and importance of Japan's international trading sector. It then examines the composition, institutions, and policies for trade. This is followed by a review of Japan's balance of payments, capital flows, value of the yen, and direction of trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress

International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F. & Irace, Mary A.
Description: This report discusses a variety of issues faced by the 113th Congress. Topics include trade negotiations with China, export controls and sanctions, import policies, intellectual property rights, international investments and international financial institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress

Date: January 4, 2013
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: Report that gives an analysis of the unconditional most-favored-nation (MFN) status, or in U.S. statutory parlance, normal trade relations (NTR) status, which is a fundamental principle of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The report includes information about MFN status and the WTO, the Jackson-Vanik Amendment restricting trade, the case of China, and prospective WTO accessions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy

Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report looks at how free trade areas (FTAs) affect U.S. trade policy, specifically tariffs. It looks closely at the Bush Administration's Trade Promotion Policy, and pending FTAs leftover from this administration. Additionally, it looks at the Obama Administration's work in the prospective Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (TPP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade: Rules of Origin

International Trade: Rules of Origin

Date: May 14, 2010
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report deals with rules of origin (ROO) in three parts. First, we describe in more detail the reasons that country of origin rules are important and briefly describe U.S. laws and methods that provide direction in making these determinations. Second, we discuss briefly some of the more controversial issues involving rules of origin, including the apparently subjective nature of some CBP origin determinations, and the effects of the global manufacturing process on ROO. Third, we conclude with some alternatives and options that Congress could consider that might assist in simplifying the process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 112th Congress

International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 112th Congress

Date: January 11, 2011
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: The 112th Congress, in both its legislative and oversight capacities, faces numerous international trade and finance issues. In addition to the broader congressional oversight of the economic and political context of the current U.S. participation in the global economy, this report highlights major international trade and finance issues Congress may address this year and next.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy

Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy

Date: January 6, 2011
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report will monitor pending and possible proposals for U.S. free trade areas (FTAs), relevant legislation and other congressional interest in U.S. FTAs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Date: June 25, 2010
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), a free trade agreement that includes nations on both sides of the Pacific. Original members of the TPP were Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore. The United States, Australia, Peru, and Vietnam have committed themselves to joining and expanding this group. This report discusses similar trade partnerships, the importance of Asia to U.S. trade and security interests, and U.S. participation in the TPP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: November 17, 2014
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.; Bolle, Mary Jane; Elwell, Craig K. & Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses trade issues relevant to Congress. The report is divided into four sections in a question-and-answer format: trade concepts; U.S. trade performance; formulation of U.S. trade policy; and trade and investment issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Date: June 29, 2010
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report is an introductory overview of the legal framework governing trade-related measures. The agreements and laws selected for discussion are those most commonly implicated by U.S. trade interests, but there are U.S. trade obligations beyond those reviewed in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Status of the WTO Brazil-U.S. Cotton Case

Status of the WTO Brazil-U.S. Cotton Case

Date: February 21, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report provides a description and status report on Brazil's challenge to certain aspects of the U.S. cotton program under the rules of the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) dispute settlement process in case DS267.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade: Rules of Origin

International Trade: Rules of Origin

Date: August 22, 2008
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report deals with rules of origin (ROO) in three parts. First, we describe in more detail the reasons that country of origin rules are important and briefly describe U.S. laws and methods that provide direction in making these determinations. Second, we discuss briefly some of the more controversial issues involving rules of origin, including the apparently subjective nature of some CBP origin determinations, and the effects of the global manufacturing process on ROO. Third, we conclude with some alternatives and options that Congress could consider that might assist in simplifying the process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implementation

The U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implementation

Date: September 16, 2014
Creator: Williams, Brock R.; Manyin, Mark E.; Jurenas, Remy & Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report examines the provisions of the South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) and issues related to its implementation in the context of the overall U.S.-South Korean economic relationship, U.S. objectives, and South Korean objectives. It also examines recent trade patterns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade: Rules of Origin

International Trade: Rules of Origin

Date: June 10, 2008
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Martin, Michael F.
Description: "This report deals with rules of origin (ROO) used to determine the country of origin of merchandise entering the U.S. market, in three parts. First, [it] describe in more detail the reasons that country of origin rules are important and briefly describe U.S. laws and methods that provide direction in making these determinations. Second, [the report] discuss briefly some of the more controversial issues involving rules of origin, including the apparently subjective nature of some U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) origin determinations, and the effects of the global manufacturing process on ROO. Third, [the report] concludes with some alternatives and options that Congress could consider that might assist in simplifying the process" (Summary).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department