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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

Date: May 18, 2015
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa
Description: This report describes and analyzes U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) role in the U.S. import process. The first section of the report describes the three overarching goals of U.S. import policy and the tension among them. Second, the report summarizes recent legislative developments and provides a legislative history of customs laws, followed by an overview of the U.S. import process as it operates today. Third, the import process and CBP's role in it are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: May 31, 2012
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: On January 13, 2012, President Obama asked Congress for authority to reorganize and consolidate into one department the business- and trade-related functions of six federal entities. U.S. policymakers' interest in the organizational structure of U.S. government trade functions has grown in recent years, stimulated by congressional and federal efforts to promote U.S. exports and employment, including through the National Export Initiative (NEI). Interest also has been stimulated by national debates on reducing federal spending and the size of the U.S. government. This report looks at the policy debate and role of Congress in such a move.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Date: April 3, 2012
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report is an introductory overview of the legal framework governing trade-related measures. The agreements and laws selected for discussion are those most commonly implicated by U.S. trade interests, but there are U.S. trade laws and obligations beyond those reviewed in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report is an introductory overview of the legal framework governing trade-related measures. The agreements and laws selected for discussion are those most-commonly implicated by U.S. trade interests, but there are U.S. trade laws and obligations beyond those reviewed in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Date: March 21, 2006
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F
Description: None
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Reciprocity in International Trade

Reciprocity in International Trade

Date: June 28, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
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International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress

International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F. & Irace, Mary A.
Description: This report discusses a variety of issues faced by the 113th Congress. Topics include trade negotiations with China, export controls and sanctions, import policies, intellectual property rights, international investments and international financial institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress

Date: January 4, 2013
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: Report that gives an analysis of the unconditional most-favored-nation (MFN) status, or in U.S. statutory parlance, normal trade relations (NTR) status, which is a fundamental principle of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The report includes information about MFN status and the WTO, the Jackson-Vanik Amendment restricting trade, the case of China, and prospective WTO accessions.
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Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy

Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report looks at how free trade areas (FTAs) affect U.S. trade policy, specifically tariffs. It looks closely at the Bush Administration's Trade Promotion Policy, and pending FTAs leftover from this administration. Additionally, it looks at the Obama Administration's work in the prospective Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (TPP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade: Rules of Origin

International Trade: Rules of Origin

Date: May 14, 2010
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report deals with rules of origin (ROO) in three parts. First, we describe in more detail the reasons that country of origin rules are important and briefly describe U.S. laws and methods that provide direction in making these determinations. Second, we discuss briefly some of the more controversial issues involving rules of origin, including the apparently subjective nature of some CBP origin determinations, and the effects of the global manufacturing process on ROO. Third, we conclude with some alternatives and options that Congress could consider that might assist in simplifying the process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department