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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1251 - 1274 of 1,777
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U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges

U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges

Date: May 12, 2003
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Date: May 8, 2003
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Date: May 7, 2003
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Date: May 6, 2003
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: The entry into force, on January 1, 1994, of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has eliminated the advantage that the beneficiaries of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) and related provisions of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) had enjoyed in trade with the United States relative to Mexico, and gave Mexico an increasingly significant competitive edge over the CBERA countries. The scheduled further implementation of the NAFTA would have resulted in a substantial advantage to Mexico over the CBERA countries and vitiate in part the purpose of the CBERA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: May 5, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report discuses lumber imports from Canada and provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Date: May 1, 2003
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: Falling agricultural exports and declining commodity prices led farm groups and agribusiness firms to urge the 106th Congress to pass legislation exempting foods and agricultural commodities from U.S. economic sanctions against certain countries. In completing action on the FY2001 agriculture appropriations bill, Congress codified the lifting of unilateral sanctions on commercial sales of food, agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical products to Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan, and extended this policy to apply to Cuba (Title IX of H.R. 5426, as enacted by P.L. 106-387; Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000). Related provisions place financing and licensing conditions on sales to these countries. Those that apply to Cuba, though, are permanent and more restrictive than for the other countries. Other provisions give Congress the authority in the future to veto a President's proposal to impose a sanction on the sale of agricultural or medical products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

Date: April 29, 2003
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Lum, Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: April 28, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration

The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration

Date: April 25, 2003
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
India-U.S. Economic Relations

India-U.S. Economic Relations

Date: April 22, 2003
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Japan Economic Ties: Status and Outlook

U.S.-Japan Economic Ties: Status and Outlook

Date: April 21, 2003
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: April 18, 2003
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses U.S. arms sales to Taiwan, or Republic of China (ROC), including policy issues for Congress and legislation. The Taiwan Relations Act (TRA), P.L. 96-8, has governed U.S. arms sales to Taiwan since 1979, when the United States recognized the People’s Republic of China (PRC) instead of the ROC. There are two other relevant elements of the “one China” policy: the August 17, 1982 U.S.-PRC Joint Communique and the “Six Assurances” made to Taiwan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade

Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade

Date: April 16, 2003
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: April 11, 2003
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: April 11, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Merchandise Trade Data: 1948-2002

U.S. Merchandise Trade Data: 1948-2002

Date: April 3, 2003
Creator: Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Export Administration Act: Evolution, Provisions, and Debate

The Export Administration Act: Evolution, Provisions, and Debate

Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F
Description: This paper discusses the Export Administration Act in terms of its evolution in the 20th century, its major features including the types of controls authorized by the act, the Commerce Control List and export licensing procedures, and issues concerning the maintenance of export controls under IEEPA. It then highlights several controlled commodities that have been featured prominently in export control discussions. Finally, it discusses competing business and national security perspectives concerning several of more contentious themes in the export control debate: the controllability of technology, the effectiveness of multilateral control regimes, the organization of the export control system, and the impact of export controls on the U.S. economy and business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers from U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Actions and Chronology

China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers from U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Actions and Chronology

Date: March 27, 2003
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: This CRS Report discusses security concerns, significant congressional and administration action, and a comprehensive chronology pertaining to satellite exports to the PRC. The report discusses issues for U.S. foreign and security policy (including that on China and weapons nonproliferation), such as: What are the benefits and costs of satellite exports to China for U.S. economic and security interests? Should the United States continue, change, or cease the policy in place since the Reagan Administration that has allowed exports of satellites to China (for its launch and – increasingly – for its use)? Etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

Date: March 26, 2003
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Lum, Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: The entry into force, on January 1, 1994, of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has eliminated the advantage that the beneficiaries of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) and related provisions of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) had enjoyed in trade with the United States relative to Mexico, and gave Mexico an increasingly significant competitive edge over the CBERA countries. The scheduled further implementation of the NAFTA would have resulted in a substantial advantage to Mexico over the CBERA countries and vitiate in part the purpose of the CBERA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges

U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges

Date: March 21, 2003
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Date: March 20, 2003
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: Falling agricultural exports and declining commodity prices led farm groups and agribusiness firms to urge the 106th Congress to pass legislation exempting foods and agricultural commodities from U.S. economic sanctions against certain countries. In completing action on the FY2001 agriculture appropriations bill, Congress codified the lifting of unilateral sanctions on commercial sales of food, agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical products to Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan, and extended this policy to apply to Cuba (Title IX of H.R. 5426, as enacted by P.L. 106-387; Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000). Related provisions place financing and licensing conditions on sales to these countries. Those that apply to Cuba, though, are permanent and more restrictive than for the other countries. Other provisions give Congress the authority in the future to veto a President's proposal to impose a sanction on the sale of agricultural or medical products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department