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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1211 - 1220 of 1,415
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Telecommunications Services Trade and the WTO Agreement

Telecommunications Services Trade and the WTO Agreement

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Trade Deficit in 1999: Recent Trends and Policy Options

The U.S. Trade Deficit in 1999: Recent Trends and Policy Options

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Generalized System of Preferences

Generalized System of Preferences

Date: January 8, 2001
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Retaliation: The "Carousel" Approach

Trade Retaliation: The "Carousel" Approach

Date: January 8, 2001
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Andean Trade Preference Act: Background and Issues for Reauthorization

The Andean Trade Preference Act: Background and Issues for Reauthorization

Date: January 3, 2001
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: On December 4, 1991, President George Bush signed into law the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA) to counter illicit drug production and trade in Latin America. For ten years, it has provided preferential, mostly duty-free, treatment of selected U.S. imports from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. The goal of ATPA is to encourage increased exports, thereby promoting development and providing an incentive for Andean farmers and other workers to pursue economic alternatives to the drug trade. This report discusses the ATPA, its background, and issues regarding its potential reauthorization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Trade in the 106th Congress: A Review of Issues

Agricultural Trade in the 106th Congress: A Review of Issues

Date: December 29, 2000
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.; Hanrahan, Charles E. & Jurenas, Remy
Description: The 106th Congress considered a number of trade policy developments against a backdrop of weak foreign demand and large world supplies of agricultural commodities. The U.S. Department of Agriculture reports that the value of U.S. agricultural exports fell between FY1996 (a record year) and FY1999 by almost $11 billion, to $49.2 billion. Agricultural exports did climb back to $50.9 billion in FY2000, and are now projected at $53 billion in FY2001. However, the pace of recovery concerned many agricultural groups and their supporters in Congress. Although they recognize that many world economic, farm production, political, and weather factors influence exports, many of these groups believe that the agricultural sector's future prosperity also depends upon such U.S. trade policies as: 1) encouraging China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), with its binding rules and responsibilities; 2) exempting agricultural exports from U.S. unilateral economic sanctions; 3) fully using export and food aid programs; and 4) aggressively battling foreign-imposed barriers to the movement of U.S. farm products. A few U.S. farm groups are wary of such approaches.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union's Ban on Hormone-Treated Meat

The European Union's Ban on Hormone-Treated Meat

Date: December 19, 2000
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: The European Union (EU) continues to ban imports of meat derived from animals treated with growth hormones despite rulings by World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement panels that the banis inconsistent with the Uruguay Round Agreement on health and safety measures used to restrict imports (the Sanitary and Phytosanitary or SPS Agreement). U.S. retaliation, authorized by the WTO, in the form of 100% duties on $116 million of EU agricultural products remains in effect while negotiations to resolve the dispute continue. Thus far, EU offers of compensation (trade concessions) for lost U.S. meat exports in lieu of lifting the ban have been rejected by the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Policy: Key Issues in the 107th Congress

Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Policy: Key Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: December 19, 2000
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey & Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Sanctions: Legislation in the 106th Congress

Economic Sanctions: Legislation in the 106th Congress

Date: December 15, 2000
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E
Description: This report tracks legislation relating to the use of economic sanctions in pursuit of foreign policy or national security objectives. Separate sections are given to the areas of greatest activity: sanctions imposed against India and Pakistan; exemptions of food and medicine exports; and sanctions reform. A separate table is included listing sanctions measures that were introduced but received no consideration, including measures pertaining to export controls, nonproliferation, drug certifications, and the sanctions regimes leveled, or proposed to be leveled, against Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Serbia and Montenegro, and other countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) Tax Benefit for Exporting: WTO Issues and an Economic Analysis

The Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) Tax Benefit for Exporting: WTO Issues and an Economic Analysis

Date: December 11, 2000
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department