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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute

Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute

Date: March 10, 2006
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: In May 2003, the United States, Canada, and Argentina initiated a formal challenge before the World Trade Organization (WTO) of the European Union’s (EU’s) de facto moratorium on approving new agricultural biotechnology products, in place since 1998. Although the EU effectively lifted the moratorium in May 2004 by approving a genetically engineered (GE) corn variety, the three countries are pursuing the case, in part because a number of EU member states continue to block approved biotech products. Because of delays, the WTO is expected to decide the case by December 2005. The moratorium reportedly cost U.S. corn growers some $300 million in exports to the EU annually. The EU moratorium, U.S. officials contend, threatened other agricultural exports not only to the EU, but also to other parts of the world where the EU approach to regulating agricultural biotechnology is taking hold.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: January 9, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: June 11, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: July 24, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: January 17, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses the recent development in different programs administered by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) with the goal to promote agricultural exports and to provide food aid. These programs include direct export subsidies, export market development, export credit guarantees, and foreign food aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: October 30, 2002
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: September 16, 2002
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: June 14, 2002
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2002, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: September 10, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2004, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: July 31, 2002
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2002, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2005, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2005, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: August 23, 2004
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2004, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: May 30, 2001
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2001, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: June 16, 2004
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2004, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: January 23, 2006
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2006, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export Programs: Background and Issues

Agricultural Export Programs: Background and Issues

Date: June 18, 2013
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: Report that discusses the agricultural export programs that aim to develop overseas markets for U.S. agricultural products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Exports and 2014 Farm Bill Programs: Background and Current Issues

Agricultural Exports and 2014 Farm Bill Programs: Background and Current Issues

Date: May 9, 2016
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report provides background on the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) agricultural export programs and relevant issues for Congress. U.S. agricultural exports have long been a bright spot in the U.S. balance of trade, with exports exceeding imports in every year since 1960.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Exports and the 2007 Farm Bill

Agricultural Exports and the 2007 Farm Bill

Date: January 25, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report assesses 2007 farm bill trade title provisions for U.S. agricultural export programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Exports: Technical Barriers to Trade

Agricultural Exports: Technical Barriers to Trade

Date: October 21, 1997
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: Technical barriers to trade (TBTs) are widely divergent measures that countries use to regulate rnarkets, protect their consumers, and preserve natural resources, but which can also discriminate against imports in favor of domestic products. Most TBTs in agriculture are sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures designed to protect humans, animals, and plants from contaminants, diseases, and pests. In the wake of new trade agreements aimed at reducing tariffs, import quotas, and other trade barriers, TBTs have become more prominent concerns for agricultural exporters and policymakers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Trade in a U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)

Agricultural Trade in a U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)

Date: October 31, 2003
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: As part of its overall trade strategy, the Bush Administration over the last year began negotiating bilateral free trade area (FTA) agreements with four regional blocs or countries. Negotiations on a U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) involving Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua began in late January 2003 and are currently scheduled to conclude this December. While negotiators have reportedly made progress in a number of areas, efforts to formulate a framework for handling agricultural trade have been slow.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Trade in the 106th Congress: A Review of Issues

Agricultural Trade in the 106th Congress: A Review of Issues

Date: December 29, 2000
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.; Hanrahan, Charles E. & Jurenas, Remy
Description: The 106th Congress considered a number of trade policy developments against a backdrop of weak foreign demand and large world supplies of agricultural commodities. The U.S. Department of Agriculture reports that the value of U.S. agricultural exports fell between FY1996 (a record year) and FY1999 by almost $11 billion, to $49.2 billion. Agricultural exports did climb back to $50.9 billion in FY2000, and are now projected at $53 billion in FY2001. However, the pace of recovery concerned many agricultural groups and their supporters in Congress. Although they recognize that many world economic, farm production, political, and weather factors influence exports, many of these groups believe that the agricultural sector's future prosperity also depends upon such U.S. trade policies as: 1) encouraging China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), with its binding rules and responsibilities; 2) exempting agricultural exports from U.S. unilateral economic sanctions; 3) fully using export and food aid programs; and 4) aggressively battling foreign-imposed barriers to the movement of U.S. farm products. A few U.S. farm groups are wary of such approaches.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department