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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1201 - 1250 of 1,776
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The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5087/
U.S.-Japan Economic Ties: Status and Outlook
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4888/
Trade and the Americas
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5556/
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5570/
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5487/
The U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement: Economic and Trade Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5578/
The U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5585/
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs
This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3729/
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5365/
Trade Remedy Law Reform in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5573/
Free Trade Agreements with Singapore and Chile: Labor Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5604/
Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation
Falling agricultural exports and declining commodity prices led farm groups and agribusiness firms to urge the 106th Congress to pass legislation exempting foods and agricultural commodities from U.S. economic sanctions against certain countries. In completing action on the FY2001 agriculture appropriations bill, Congress codified the lifting of unilateral sanctions on commercial sales of food, agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical products to Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan, and extended this policy to apply to Cuba (Title IX of H.R. 5426, as enacted by P.L. 106-387; Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000). Related provisions place financing and licensing conditions on sales to these countries. Those that apply to Cuba, though, are permanent and more restrictive than for the other countries. Other provisions give Congress the authority in the future to veto a President's proposal to impose a sanction on the sale of agricultural or medical products. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5066/
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5549/
U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4735/
Diamonds and Conflict: Background, Policy, and Legislation
This report discusses issues surrounding "conflict diamonds" -- i.e., diamonds that have been mined and sold to support armed conflict -- as well as resulting U.S. policy responses. Policy makers' attention has also increasingly focused on the possible role that diamonds may play in the financing of terrorist operations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc824752/
Jordan-U.S. Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5603/
U.S.-Japan Economic Ties: Status and Outlook
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4887/
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5364/
U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4734/
Country Applicability of the U.S. Normal Trade Relations (Most-Favored-Nation) Status
The United States accords permanent normal-trade-relations (NTR) (formerly called most-favored-nation (MFN)) treatment to all its trading partners except six countries to which it is denied by law and 11 countries whose NTR status is temporary and subject to the conditions of Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5544/
China-U.S. Trade Issues
U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4768/
Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity
The entry into force, on January 1, 1994, of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has eliminated the advantage that the beneficiaries of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) and related provisions of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) had enjoyed in trade with the United States relative to Mexico, and gave Mexico an increasingly significant competitive edge over the CBERA countries. The scheduled further implementation of the NAFTA would have resulted in a substantial advantage to Mexico over the CBERA countries and vitiate in part the purpose of the CBERA. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5561/
Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation
Falling agricultural exports and declining commodity prices led farm groups and agribusiness firms to urge the 106th Congress to pass legislation exempting foods and agricultural commodities from U.S. economic sanctions against certain countries. In completing action on the FY2001 agriculture appropriations bill, Congress codified the lifting of unilateral sanctions on commercial sales of food, agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical products to Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan, and extended this policy to apply to Cuba (Title IX of H.R. 5426, as enacted by P.L. 106-387; Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000). Related provisions place financing and licensing conditions on sales to these countries. Those that apply to Cuba, though, are permanent and more restrictive than for the other countries. Other provisions give Congress the authority in the future to veto a President's proposal to impose a sanction on the sale of agricultural or medical products. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5065/
The U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5584/
A Free Trade Area of the Americas: Status of Negotiations and Major Policy Issues
At the second Summit of the Americas in Santiago, Chile (April 1998), 34 Western Hemisphere nations agreed to initiate formal negotiations to create a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) by 2005. The process so far has led to two draft texts, with a third draft expected to be completed for the eighth trade ministerial scheduled for November 17-21, 2003 in Miami. Currently there are serious differences between Brazil and the United States, the co-chairs of the trade negotiating committee, which will need to be resolved by then. Although implementing legislation is not anticipated until the next Congress, for an FTAA to be signed in January 2005, the 108th Congress will play a crucial role during this last phase of the negotiations given its expanded consultative and oversight authority as defined in the Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) provisions of the Trade Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-210). This report will be updated periodically. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5598/
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events
This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3871/
U.S. Agricultural Biotechnology in Global Markets: An Introduction
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9639/
U.S. Agricultural Biotechnology in Global Markets: An Introduction
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9643/
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5569/
Trade and the Americas
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5555/
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs
This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3728/
U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4733/
U.S.-Japan Economic Ties: Status and Outlook
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4886/
U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9640/
U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9644/
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5363/
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5682/
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5568/
Jordan-U.S. Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5602/
U.S. - European Union Disputes in the World Trade Organization
This report discusses disputes in the World Trade Organization (WTO) between the United States and the European Union (EU). The report begins with an overview of the issues to be addressed, and continues with a brief description of the WTO dispute settlement process, a summary of U.S.-EU dispute settlement history, and a review of issues arising from cases of longstanding non-compliance. The report concludes with a discussion of continuing concerns and policy considerations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc821439/
Textile and Apparel Rules of Origin in International Trade
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9250/
The U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5582/
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5362/
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5082/
China-U.S. Trade Issues
U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4767/
Taiwan's Accession to the WTO and its Economic Relations with the United States and China
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5591/
Export Tax Benefits and the WTO: Foreign Sales Corporations and the Extraterritorial Replacement Provisions
The U.S. tax code’s Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) provisions provided a tax benefit for U.S. exporters. However, the European Union (EU) in 1997 charged that the provision was an export subsidy and thus contravened the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements. A WTO ruling upheld the EU complaint, and to avoid WTO sanctioned retaliatory tariffs, U.S. legislation in November 2000 replaced FSC with the “extraterritorial income” (ETI) provisions, consisting of a redesigned export tax benefit of the same magnitude as FSC. The EU maintained that the new provisions are also not WTO-compliant and asked the WTO to rule on the matter. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5593/
A Free Trade Area of the Americas: Status of Negotiations and Major Policy Issues
At the second Summit of the Americas in Santiago, Chile (April 1998), 34 Western Hemisphere nations agreed to initiate formal negotiations to create a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) by 2005. The process so far has led to two draft texts, the second completed for the November 1, 2002 trade ministerial in Quito, Ecuador. A year later, the third draft is expected at the eighth trade ministerial scheduled for November 17-21, 2003 in Miami. Although implementing legislation is not anticipated until the next Congress, for an FTAA to be signed in January 2005, the 108th Congress will play a crucial role during this last phase of the negotiations given its expanded consultative and oversight authority as defined in the Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) provisions of the Trade Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-210). This report will be updated periodically. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5597/
Trade and the Americas
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5554/
U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4732/