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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Iran-Iraq War: Implications for U.S. Policy

The Iran-Iraq War: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: October 14, 1987
Creator: Preece, Richard M.
Description: This report discusses the Iran-Iraq conflict at its present state, which has become a war of attrition with neither side capable of achieving a decisive military victory over the other in the short term. U.S. policy concerns currently are threefold: first, that Iraq, despite moves to sustain its economic and military capacities, ultimately might suffer a destabilizing defeat to the detriment of U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf region; second, that future instability in Iran could open opportunities for Soviet exploitation; and third, that the conflict might expand beyond its present confines to threaten friendly regional states and the availability of their vast petroleum resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
South Africa: U.S. Policy After Sanctions

South Africa: U.S. Policy After Sanctions

Date: March 29, 1988
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics

Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics

Date: April 29, 1988
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics

Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics

Date: April 29, 1988
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Date: May 4, 1988
Creator: Irwin, Paul M & Riddle, Wayne C
Description: Improvement on America's competitive position in international trade is one of the major issues confronting the 100th Congress. Most legislative proposals have included provisions for increasing the funding levels for Federal education programs, expanding current programs, or authorizing new programs. The primary goal is to improve the productivity of the Nation's workers by raising the skill level of the workforce. Discussions about education's role i n addressing the competitiveness issue have included the contribution of education to productivity growth, comparisons of the educational achievement of American school children with that of their peers in other nations , the educational needs of illiterate adults , and the role of technology in education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Conventional Arms Transfers to the Third World by Major Supplier, 1980-1987

Trends in Conventional Arms Transfers to the Third World by Major Supplier, 1980-1987

Date: May 9, 1988
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Conventional Arms Transfers to the Third World by Major Supplier, 1980-1987

Trends in Conventional Arms Transfers to the Third World by Major Supplier, 1980-1987

Date: May 9, 1988
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Policy Towards Japan: Where Do We Go From Here?

U.S. Trade Policy Towards Japan: Where Do We Go From Here?

Date: May 8, 1989
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan: Prospects for Greater Market Openness

Japan: Prospects for Greater Market Openness

Date: June 26, 1989
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: Japan has made considerable progress in opening its economy to imports, but significant obstacles remain. This report analyzes the underlying causes of Japan's market protection and assesses the prospects for Japan moving in the direction of greater market openness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commercial Relations with the Soviet Union: Prospects for a Common United States Japanese Policy

Commercial Relations with the Soviet Union: Prospects for a Common United States Japanese Policy

Date: February 25, 1991
Creator: Hardt, John P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan: Resale Price Maintenance

Japan: Resale Price Maintenance

Date: March 28, 1991
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: Resale price maintenance occurs when manufacturers control the prices charged by wholesalers or retailers of their products. In Japan, such activities are prohibited, although certain exemptions are allowed. The U.S. concern over the practice is that it could allow Japanese firms to generate a secure profit base in their home market in order to finance aggressive price competition abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese Companies and Technology: Lessons to Learn?

Japanese Companies and Technology: Lessons to Learn?

Date: April 15, 1991
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: American companies are facing increased competitive pressures from foreign firms. Many observers feel that U.S. firms lag behind their foreign competitors in the development, application, and marketing of new technologies and techniques. The Japanese industrial enterprise is characterized by a large proportion of private sector financing and many other factors, which this report analyzes at length. The question being debated by Congress is whether or not U.S. government programs and policies are an acceptable and effective means of supporting the efforts of American industries to operate in a manner consistent with success in world markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Trade: A Chronology of Major Events, 1980-1990

Japan-U.S. Trade: A Chronology of Major Events, 1980-1990

Date: June 20, 1991
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M & Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese and U.S. Industrial Associations: Their Roles in High-Technology Policymaking

Japanese and U.S. Industrial Associations: Their Roles in High-Technology Policymaking

Date: June 26, 1991
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Trade and Economic Relations: Bibliography-In-Brief, 1990-1991

Japan-U.S. Trade and Economic Relations: Bibliography-In-Brief, 1990-1991

Date: September 5, 1991
Creator: Howe, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Trade U.S. Exports of Negotiated Products, 1985-1990

Japan-U.S. Trade U.S. Exports of Negotiated Products, 1985-1990

Date: November 26, 1991
Creator: Gold, Peter L & Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Community - Japan Automobile Agreement

The European Community - Japan Automobile Agreement

Date: January 27, 1992
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J
Description: The European Community (EC) and Japan reached an agreement on trade in automobiles in July 1991. The agreement restricts exports of automobiles from Japan to the EC to 1.23 million cars per year until the end of 1999. The Commission of the European Communities estimates that Japanese transplant production in the EC will amount to 1.2 million cars per year in 1999. The Japanese appear to concur with this estimate but do not agree that it constitutes a cap on transplant investment or production. Whether the agreement covers the export of U.S.-built Japanese transplants to the EC is unclear. If the agreement covers, or has the effect of discouraging, such exports, it would be a cause for concern for U.S. policymakers. U.S. trade officials have reportedly discussed the issue with Japanese counterparts. It is unknown whether U.S. concerns have been addressed to European Community (EC) officials.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan and an East Asian Trading Bloc

Japan and an East Asian Trading Bloc

Date: February 6, 1992
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress and Trade Policy Toward Japan

Congress and Trade Policy Toward Japan

Date: April 15, 1992
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-EC Japan Trade Triangle

The U.S.-EC Japan Trade Triangle

Date: June 4, 1992
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-Taiwan Economic Relations: Implications for the U.S.

Japan-Taiwan Economic Relations: Implications for the U.S.

Date: July 20, 1992
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commercial Relations with Russia: Prospects for a Common United States-Japanese Policy

Commercial Relations with Russia: Prospects for a Common United States-Japanese Policy

Date: July 30, 1992
Creator: Hardt, John P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Economic Relations: Selected References

Japan-U.S. Economic Relations: Selected References

Date: August 1, 1992
Creator: Howe, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Economic Relations: Selected References

Japan-U.S. Economic Relations: Selected References

Date: August 1, 1992
Creator: Howe, Robert
Description: This report contains a list of readings focuses on the current state of the U.S. economic relationship with Japan. A general, introductory section is followed by citations discussing specific Japanese business practices and trade policies which have an impact on the relationship. The bibliography also describes trade trends in specific sectors (including commentaries on the semiconductor agreement) and concludes with a section on policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department