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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Trade Remedy Laws and Nonmarket Economies: A Legal Overview

U.S. Trade Remedy Laws and Nonmarket Economies: A Legal Overview

Date: unknown
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: Two major U.S. trade remedies are antidumping (AD) law, which combats the sale of imported products at less than their fair market value, and countervailing duty (CVD) law, which aims to offset foreign government subsidization of imported goods. This report discusses these two law's impact on U.S. foreign relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automobiles Imported from Japan

Automobiles Imported from Japan

Date: March 12, 1980
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: In recent years, U.S. automotive imports from Japan have seen an increasing at an unusually rapid pace. Congress is considering measures that alleviate the situation and in June 1980 concurrently resolved to promote the competitiveness of U.S. industry in world automobile and truck markets. As a result of the restraint agreement, automobile imports from Japan dropped from 1.99 million units in 1980 to 1.91 million units in 1981 (calendar year).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Imported Automobiles in the United States: Their Rising Market Share and the Macroeconomic Impact of a Proposed Import Restriction

Imported Automobiles in the United States: Their Rising Market Share and the Macroeconomic Impact of a Proposed Import Restriction

Date: September 15, 1980
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Elwell, Craig
Description: After two generations of almost unchallenged supremacy, the U.S. auto industry has recently faced plummeting sales, rising competition from imports, and mounting requirements for capital investment and structural change. This has resulted in massive spilling of red ink in the industry's profit and loss columns, further financial pressures on the ailing Chrysler Corporation, layoffs of nearly 250,000 workers (as of August 4, 1980 in the automotive industry alone according to the United Auto Workers Union) and soaring claims for unemployment compensation and trade adjustment assistance. This study focuses on import competition in the auto industry and the economic impact of proposals to limit such competition through either import quotas or agreements with foreign governments (Japan) to restrict automotive exports to the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Increased U.S. Military Sales to China: Arguments and Alternatives

Increased U.S. Military Sales to China: Arguments and Alternatives

Date: May 20, 1981
Creator: Sutter, Robert G
Description: The report examines the current debate in the United States over proposals for increased U.S. military sales to China. The study first examines the background of U.S.-China security ties since the Nixon Administration, and then sets forth the parameters of the current debate by noting a number of issues concerning U.S. military transfers to China on which all sides generally agree. It shows that Americans familiar with the issue tend to identify with different groups of opinion or "schools of thought" on the question of U.S. military transfers to China, and provides a detailed pro-con analysis of the issue. It concludes by noting cross pressures that are likely to greet U.S. policy makers as they grapple with this issue in the months ahead and offers an assessment of four policy options of possible use by U.S. policymakers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade

China-U.S. Trade

Date: November 19, 1981
Creator: Holliday, George D & Hardt, John P
Description: The improved political relationship between the United States and the People's Republic of China (P.R.C.), initiated by the Nixon Administration and furthered by the Carter Administration's decision to establish diplomatic relations, has spurred a rapid increase in Sino-U.S. trade. While still small relative to overall U.S. foreign trade, the volume of trade represents an abrupt shift from the no-trade policy that had been pursued since 1950. Despite the rapid expansion, outstanding issues remain as serious barriers to normalized trade. Resolution of those issues may require concession or accommodations by the Chinese leadership as well as action by both the U.S. Congress and the Executive Branch. However, the development of a new approach to foreign economic relations by the post-Mao Chinese leadership and the establishment of diplomatic relations have laid the ground work for a further expansion of commercial relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's International Trade Patterns, Institutions, and Policies

Japan's International Trade Patterns, Institutions, and Policies

Date: March 15, 1982
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: This report presents an overview of Japan's performance in its trading relations. The report begins with a discussion of the development, size, and importance of Japan's international trading sector. It then examines the composition, institutions, and policies for trade. This is followed by a review of Japan's balance of payments, capital flows, value of the yen, and direction of trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer And National Security Issues

Technology Transfer And National Security Issues

Date: July 1, 1982
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soviet Gas Pipeline: U.S. Options

Soviet Gas Pipeline: U.S. Options

Date: October 8, 1982
Creator: Hardt, John P & Gold, Donna L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Investment in U.S. Industry

Foreign Investment in U.S. Industry

Date: October 18, 1982
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: Although the total amount of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the U.S. is small relative to U.S. direct investment abroad, it is growing rapidly and may have a large effect on some industries and geographic areas of the U.S. The two main issues raised by FDI in the U.S. are first, shall Congress require more extensive data collection efforts than are already underway, and second, should laws be enacted to limit foreign direct investment in the U.S. These two issues turn in substantial measure on whether the benefits of additional data collection and/or restrictions on FDI in the U.S. exceed the costs. This report discusses the legislative history of the issue, the magnitude and distribution of FDI in the U.S., the existing data collection efforts, the potential implications for the U.S., the motivations for FDI in the U.S., and U.S. policy regarding FDI.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Trade Relations

Japan-U.S. Trade Relations

Date: December 28, 1982
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report discusses trade relations between the U.S. and Japan. Commercial aspects of the United States-Japan alliance, in recent years, have begun to dominate the dialogue between the two nations. In particular, friction points have developed over chronic U.S. bilateral trade deficits with Japan, allegations of Japanese protectionism, and rapid incursions into U.S. markets by Japanese export products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Trade

Japan-U.S. Trade

Date: May 10, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: This report provides background and current analysis of the Japan--U.S. trade situation, discusses the political and economic tensions which this imbalance has created, and outlines the problems involved in several current negotiations, such as the question of trade barriers to U.S. agricultural exports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reciprocity in International Trade

Reciprocity in International Trade

Date: June 28, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Caribbean Basin Initiative

Caribbean Basin Initiative

Date: September 19, 1983
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: The Reagan Administration has proposed legislation which would seek to use trade and aid to promote political stability and economic growth in the Caribbean Basin region. Among other things, it would create a one-way free trade zone, where the small nations of the region would have an opportunity for export-led growth through duty-free access to the U.S. market. It would also provide $350 million in economic aid for 1982 to El Salvador and other Caribbean countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FTC's Used Car Rule

The FTC's Used Car Rule

Date: October 14, 1983
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Description: This report discusses the Federal Trade Commission's (FTC) used car rule, which aims to prevent and discourage oral misrepresentations and deceptive omissions of material facts by those selling used cars concerning warranty coverage and mechanical condition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Solar Energy: The Federal Program and Congressional Interest

Solar Energy: The Federal Program and Congressional Interest

Date: February 16, 1984
Creator: Moore, J. Glen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why U.S. Agricultural Exports Have Declined in the 1980s

Why U.S. Agricultural Exports Have Declined in the 1980s

Date: October 29, 1984
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Primer on P.L. 480 -- Program History, Description, and Operations: A Brief Compilation of Explanatory Documents

Primer on P.L. 480 -- Program History, Description, and Operations: A Brief Compilation of Explanatory Documents

Date: November 13, 1984
Creator: Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Sales of New Domestic and Imported Automobiles from 1977 through 1984, With U.S. Market Shares of Countries of Origin

U.S. Sales of New Domestic and Imported Automobiles from 1977 through 1984, With U.S. Market Shares of Countries of Origin

Date: April 5, 1985
Creator: Flaherty, Kevin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Sales of New Domestic and Imported Automobiles from 1977 through 1984, With U.S. Market Shares of Countries of Origin

U.S. Sales of New Domestic and Imported Automobiles from 1977 through 1984, With U.S. Market Shares of Countries of Origin

Date: April 5, 1985
Creator: Flaherty, Kevin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Stability of the International Banking System

The Stability of the International Banking System

Date: July 10, 1985
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Stability of the International Banking System

The Stability of the International Banking System

Date: July 10, 1985
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Case for and Against an Import Surcharge

The Case for and Against an Import Surcharge

Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: Reifman, Alfred
Description: The United States is now running a deficit of over $100 billion in its foreign trade and the Federal budget is in the red by roughly $200 billion. To deal with these two deficits, Congress is considering a temporary import surcharge. This brief examines the case for and against such a surcharge as well as its use against Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sanctions Against South Africa: Activities of the 99th Congress

Sanctions Against South Africa: Activities of the 99th Congress

Date: February 13, 1987
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sanctions against South Africa: Activities of the 99th Congress

Sanctions against South Africa: Activities of the 99th Congress

Date: February 13, 1987
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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