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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
WTO Doha Round: Implications for U.S. Agriculture

WTO Doha Round: Implications for U.S. Agriculture

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Schnepf, Randy & Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: The Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations began in November 2001. From an agricultural viewpoint, the goal of the negotiations was to make progress simultaneously across the three pillars of the World Trade Organization’s (WTO’s) Agricultural Agreement—domestic support, market access, and export competition—by building on the specific terms and conditions established during the previous Uruguay Round of negotiations. This report reviews the current status of agricultural negotiations for domestic support, market access, and export subsidies, and their potential implications for U.S. agriculture.
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Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process

Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process

Date: January 8, 2010
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report reviews the process and procedures that currently apply to congressional consideration of foreign arms sales proposed by the President. This includes consideration of proposals to sell major defense equipment, defense articles and services, or the re-transfer to third party nations of such military items.
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Proposed Import Restrictions on Milk Protein Concentrates (MPCs)

Proposed Import Restrictions on Milk Protein Concentrates (MPCs)

Date: January 12, 2010
Creator: Shields, Dennis A. & Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: Low farm milk prices and declining dairy sector income in 2009 have renewed congressional interest in imposing new import barriers on milk protein concentrates (MPCs), which generally include casein, the main protein found in milk, and caseinates, a soluble form of casein. This report examines proposed import restrictions and potential trade policy implications.
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Globalization, Worker Insecurity, and Policy Approaches

Globalization, Worker Insecurity, and Policy Approaches

Date: January 20, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: This report discusses the trends driving global economic integration, sources of worker insecurity and policy approaches. There appears to be a range of views on the merits of each of these policy approaches and the extent to which they can be designed and implemented in a way that would reduce worker insecurity without undermining the benefits of globalization.
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U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones: Trade Agreement Parity (TAP) Proposal

U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones: Trade Agreement Parity (TAP) Proposal

Date: January 20, 2010
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report provides an introduction to U.S. Foreign Trade Zones (FTZ). The report discusses the details of the Trade Agreement Parity (TAP) proposal, the potential winners and losers under the TAP proposal, economic studies on the TAP proposal, and policy analysis on the TAP proposal.
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ATPA Renewal: Background and Issues

ATPA Renewal: Background and Issues

Date: January 21, 2010
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: The Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA) extends special duty treatment to certain U.S. imports from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru that meet domestic content and other requirements. The purpose of ATPA is to promote economic growth in the Andean region and to encourage a shift away from dependence on illegal drugs by supporting legitimate economic activities. This report outlines the impact and policy implications of the ATPA.
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Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: Background and Analysis

Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: Background and Analysis

Date: January 21, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: This report discusses commercial ties between the United States and the 27-member European Union. While ties between the U.S. and EU are substantial, growing, and mutually beneficial, differences in regulatory approaches limit an even more integrated marketplace from developing. To deal with this situation, a variety of government-to-government efforts have been created to dismantle existing regulatory barriers and to prevent new ones from emerging.
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Proposed Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

Proposed Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report examines three labor issues and arguments related to the pending U.S.-Colombia free trade agreement (CFTA; H.R. 5724 and S. 2830): violence against trade unionists; impunity (accountability for or punishment of the perpetrators); and worker rights protections for Colombians.
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International Law and Agreements: Their Effect Upon U.S. Law

International Law and Agreements: Their Effect Upon U.S. Law

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report provides an introduction to the roles that international law and agreements play in the United States. International law is derived from two primary sources--international agreements and customary practice. Under the U.S. legal system, international agreements can be entered into by means of a treaty or an executive agreement. The Constitution allocates primary responsibility for entering into such agreements to the executive branch, but Congress also plays an essential role.
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The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations

The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses Germany's recent trends in economic performance and trade relations with the U.S. This report elaborates on these themes in three parts: historical economic performance; reform challenges facing German political leaders; and selected U.S.-German economic policy differences.
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U.S. Trade Policy and the Caribbean: From Trade Preferences to Free Trade Agreements

U.S. Trade Policy and the Caribbean: From Trade Preferences to Free Trade Agreements

Date: January 28, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews unilateral preference programs for the Caribbean, discusses how they have been affected by Free Trade Agreement (FTA) in the region, and considers trade policy options for dealing with countries still relying on trade preferences and that may be considering whether to negotiate an FTA with the United States.
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The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources

The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources

Date: January 29, 2010
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment and legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as options for Congress.
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WTO Dispute Settlement: Status of U.S. Compliance in Pending Cases

WTO Dispute Settlement: Status of U.S. Compliance in Pending Cases

Date: January 29, 2010
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report provides a summary of the status of U.S. compliance efforts in pending World Trade Organization (WTO) disputes that have resulted in adverse rulings against the United States. The report contains an overview of WTO dispute settlement procedures, a discussion of U.S. laws relating to WTO dispute proceedings, and a list of pending WTO disputes compliance phase, with a discussion of major issues and the U.S. compliance history in each.
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North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Implementation: The Future of Commercial Trucking Across the Mexican Border

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Implementation: The Future of Commercial Trucking Across the Mexican Border

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: This report discusses the implementation of trucking provisions set forth by NAFTA that would have opened the border states to cross-border trucking competition in 1995 and all of North America in 2000. The full implementation of the provisions has been stalled because of concern with the safety of Mexican trucks.
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Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: February 3, 2010
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando; Sullivan, Mark P. & Beittel, June S.
Description: This report covers the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and U.S.-Mexico drug trafficking. It also looks at migration, environmental issues, legislation in the 111th Congress, and the relationship between the Obama Administration and Mexico.
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The 2009 Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings and U.S. Trade Policy in Asia

The 2009 Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings and U.S. Trade Policy in Asia

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC) approach to trade liberalization, results of the 2009 meetings in Singapore, APEC and U.S. trade policy in Asia as well as other issues regarding APEC.
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Agriculture in Pending U.S. Free Trade Agreements with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea

Agriculture in Pending U.S. Free Trade Agreements with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: This report discusses pending U.S. free trade agreements (FTAs) with South Korea, Colombia, and Panama. The bills to implement these agreements will now be debated under trade promotion authority, or fast-track rules, designed to expedite congressional consideration. The report includes an overview of agricultural issues regarding FTAs and pending FTA partners, as well as a closer breakdown of the specific issues for each of the countries.
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The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report covers the background and recent history on the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). This committee has recently emerged from obscurity due to concerns involving foreign investments in U.S. companies and national security.
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The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report covers the recent background of the Exon-Florio provision with special regards to issues faced in the 112th Congress. The Exon-Florio provision grants the President the authority to block proposed or pending foreign acquisitions of "persons engaged in interstate commerce in the United States" that threaten to impair the national security.
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Foreign Investment, CFIUS, and Homeland Security: An Overview

Foreign Investment, CFIUS, and Homeland Security: An Overview

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report gives a brief overview of P.L. 110-49, the Foreign Investment and National Security Act of 2007. Although both the President and Congress are directly involved in formulating the scope and direction of U.S. foreign investment policy, this law broadens Congress's oversight role; it also explicitly includes the areas of homeland security and critical infrastructure as separately-identifiable components of national security that the President must consider when evaluating the national security implications of a foreign investment transaction.
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Trade Agreements: Impact on the U.S. Economy

Trade Agreements: Impact on the U.S. Economy

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines the major features of economic models being used to estimate the effects of trade agreements. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the models as an aid in helping Congress evaluate the economic impact of trade agreements on the U.S. economy.
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Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: February 5, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
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The U.S. Trade Deficit, the Dollar, and the Price of Oil

The U.S. Trade Deficit, the Dollar, and the Price of Oil

Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report analyzes the relationship between the dollar and the price of oil and how the two might interact. It includes sections describing real and nominal oil prices, major currencies, oil exchanges, oil supply and demand and factors affecting the international exchange value of the dollar: capital flows, the U.S. financial balance, the foreign exchage market, and the U.S. trade deficit.
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Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: February 16, 2010
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses U.S. security assistance to Taiwan (calling itself Republic of China (ROC)), including policy issues for Congress and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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