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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Legislation in the 106th Congress: An Overview

Trade Legislation in the 106th Congress: An Overview

Date: February 8, 2000
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives

NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives

Date: March 1, 2000
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Capital Flight, Economic Reforms, and U.S. Interests: An Analysis

Russian Capital Flight, Economic Reforms, and U.S. Interests: An Analysis

Date: March 10, 2000
Creator: Cooper, William H & Hardt, John P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Latin American Trade: Recent Trends

U.S. Latin American Trade: Recent Trends

Date: March 10, 2000
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Sanctions and U.S. Agricultural Exports

Economic Sanctions and U.S. Agricultural Exports

Date: March 20, 2000
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: Various statutes and regulations authorize the President to restrict or prohibit trade with targeted countries for national security or foreign policy reasons. The exercise of these authorities has resulted in restrictions or prohibitions at times being placed on the export of U.S. agricultural commodities and products. The U.S. government currently restricts exports of agricultural products as part of across-the-board economic sanctions imposed on Cuba and Iraq. Exceptions are made for humanitarian reasons, allowing food to be sold or donated to these two countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Trade Organization: The Debate in the United States

The World Trade Organization: The Debate in the United States

Date: April 12, 2000
Creator: Sek, Lenore; Pregelj, Vladimir N & Wilson, Arlene
Description: The World Trade Organization (WTO) went into effect in 1995, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) which had been in existence since 1948. Under the WTO, the governments of the 136 member countries agree on a set of rules and principles for trade, negotiate periodically to reduce trade barriers, and participate in the dispute settlement procedure. Economists believe that, over the past 50 years, the more predictable environment for trade as well as the reduction in trade barriers has contributed to unprecedented economic prosperity for the majority of countries. On the other hand, trade liberalization under the WTO has resulted in economic costs to those whose jobs have been adversely affected, although they are relatively few compared to total employment in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aircraft Hushkits: Noise and International Trade

Aircraft Hushkits: Noise and International Trade

Date: May 8, 2000
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: This report discusses aircraft noise regulations as they relate to hushkits, which is a combination of strategies designed to reduce aircraft noise. These strategies can include new technologies, redesigned engine enclosures, replacement engine components, entirely new engines, or a combination of any of the above. This report dicusses the new EU regulation limiting hushkitted commercial jet aircraft in the EU, the United States' response to this regulation, and the effect this could have on international air travel relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Accession to the World Trade Organization: Legal Issues

China's Accession to the World Trade Organization: Legal Issues

Date: June 2, 2000
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: The People's Republic of China (PRC) applied to resume membership in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1986 and continues to negotiate its accession to GATT's successor, the World Trade Organization (WTO). A country may join the WTO on terms agreed by the applicant and WTO Members if two-thirds of Members approve the country's accession agreement. A Member may "opt out" of WTO relations with another country by invoking Article XIII of the WTO Agreement, its "non-application" clause. The United States and the PRC agreed to bilateral terms for the PRC's accession in November 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Most-Favored-Nation (Normal-Trade-Relations) Policy of the United States

Most-Favored-Nation (Normal-Trade-Relations) Policy of the United States

Date: June 7, 2000
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States' Withdrawal from the World Trade Organization: Legislative Procedure

United States' Withdrawal from the World Trade Organization: Legislative Procedure

Date: June 16, 2000
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 301 of The Trade Act of 1974, As Amended: Its Operation and Issues Involving its Use by the United States

Section 301 of The Trade Act of 1974, As Amended: Its Operation and Issues Involving its Use by the United States

Date: August 17, 2000
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report describes the Section 301 process (including the related Special 301 and Super 301 processes) and examines questions that arise from its use. Section 301 is one of the principal means by whichthe United States attempts to combat unfair trading practices and enforce U.S. rights under trade agreements
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1992-1999

Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1992-1999

Date: August 18, 2000
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report is prepared annually to provide unclassified quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years. Some general data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. The data in the report illustrate how global patterns of conventional arms transfers have changed in the post-Cold War and post-Persian Gulf War years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Japan Economic Ties: Status and Outlook

U.S.-Japan Economic Ties: Status and Outlook

Date: September 21, 2000
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers: Proposals for Renewal and Reform

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers: Proposals for Renewal and Reform

Date: October 3, 2000
Creator: Storey, James R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) Tax Benefit for Exporting and the WTO

The Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) Tax Benefit for Exporting and the WTO

Date: October 11, 2000
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Date: October 13, 2000
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

Date: October 24, 2000
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E & Dunkley, Mary L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Normal-Trade-Relations (Most-Favored-Nation) Policy of the United States

Normal-Trade-Relations (Most-Favored-Nation) Policy of the United States

Date: November 15, 2000
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Date: November 21, 2000
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: The entry into force, on January 1, 1994, of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has eliminated the advantage that the beneficiaries of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) and related provisions of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) had enjoyed in trade with the United States relative to Mexico, and gave Mexico an increasingly significant competitive edge over the CBERA countries. The scheduled further implementation of the NAFTA would have resulted in a substantial advantage to Mexico over the CBERA countries and vitiate in part the purpose of the CBERA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Trade Issues in the 106th Congress

Agricultural Trade Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: November 27, 2000
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.; Hanrahan, Charles E. & Jurenas, Remy
Description: Agricultural interests have been following trade policy developments against a backdrop of weak foreign demand and large world supplies of agricultural products. The U.S. Department of Agriculture reports that the value of U.S. agricultural exports fell between FY1996 (a record year) and FY1999 by almost $11 billion. USDA forecasts agricultural exports at $50.5 billion in FY2000 and $51.5 billion in FY2001. However, the projected agricultural trade surpluses for those years, of $11.5 billion and $12 billion, would be less than half the FY1996 surplus of $27.2 billion. Many agricultural groups and their supporters in Congress believe that the sector's future prosperity depends upon such U.S. trade policies as: 1) encouraging China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), with its binding rules and responsibilities; 2) exempting agriculture from U.S. unilateral economic sanctions; 3) fully using export and food aid programs; and 4) aggressively battling foreign-imposed barriers to the movement of U.S. farm products. A few U.S. farm groups are wary of such approaches.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program

Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program

Date: November 29, 2000
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the “oil-for-food” program which represents a longstanding U.N. Security Council effort to alleviate human suffering in Iraq while maintaining pressure on the Iraqi government to comply with all relevant U.N. Security Council resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Date: December 5, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) Tax Benefit for Exporting: WTO Issues and an Economic Analysis

The Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) Tax Benefit for Exporting: WTO Issues and an Economic Analysis

Date: December 11, 2000
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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