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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA)

The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA)

Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: On August 5, 2004, the United States, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic signed the Dominican Republic- Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement, or the DR-CAFTA. The DR-CAFTA was negotiated as a regional agreement in which all parties would be subject to the “the same set of obligations and commitments,” but with each country defining its own separate schedules for market access. It is a comprehensive and reciprocal trade agreement, which distinguishes it from the unilateral preferential trade arrangement between the United States and these countries as part of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI), as amended. It liberalizes trade in goods, services, government procurement, intellectual property, investment, and addresses labor and environment issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA)

The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA)

Date: April 4, 2005
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: On August 5, 2004, the United States, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic signed the Dominican Republic- Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement, or the DR-CAFTA. The DR-CAFTA was negotiated as a regional agreement in which all parties would be subject to the “the same set of obligations and commitments,” but with each country defining its own separate schedules for market access. It is a comprehensive and reciprocal trade agreement, which distinguishes it from the unilateral preferential trade arrangement between the United States and these countries as part of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI), as amended. It liberalizes trade in goods, services, government procurement, intellectual property, investment, and addresses labor and environment issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA)

The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA)

Date: June 23, 2005
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: On August 5, 2004, the United States, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic signed the Dominican Republic- Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement, or the DR-CAFTA. The DR-CAFTA was negotiated as a regional agreement in which all parties would be subject to the “the same set of obligations and commitments,” but with each country defining its own separate schedules for market access. It is a comprehensive and reciprocal trade agreement, which distinguishes it from the unilateral preferential trade arrangement between the United States and these countries as part of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI), as amended. It liberalizes trade in goods, services, government procurement, intellectual property, investment, and addresses labor and environment issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dumping of Exports and Antidumping Duties: Implications for the U.S. Economy

Dumping of Exports and Antidumping Duties: Implications for the U.S. Economy

Date: November 23, 2004
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: Dumping in the United States is the selling of a product by a foreign producer at a price that is below the product’s sale price in the country of origin, or at a price that is lower than the cost of production. Under U.S. law such an action is considered an unfair trade practice. If that action is found to cause “material injury” to a competing domestic industry, an antidumping duty equal to the “dumping margin” will be levied against the foreign good.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: July 5, 2005
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: July 1, 2007
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: July 19, 2005
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives

NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives

Date: September 28, 2004
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Trade with the United States and the World

China's Trade with the United States and the World

Date: April 29, 2005
Creator: Lum, Thomas & Nanto, Dick K
Description: This report provides a quantitative framework for policy considerations dealing with U.S. trade with China. It provides basic data and analysis of China’s international trade with the United States and other countries. Since Chinese data differ considerably from those of its trading partners (because of how entrepot trade through Hong Kong is counted), data from both PRC sources and those of its trading partners are presented. Charts showing import trends by sector for the United States highlight China’s growing market shares in many industries and also show import shares for Japan, Canada, Mexico, the European Union, and the Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN ).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy

Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy

Date: January 12, 2005
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High Performance Computers and Export Control Policy: Issues for Congress

High Performance Computers and Export Control Policy: Issues for Congress

Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J & Fergusson, Ian F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade and the Americas

Trade and the Americas

Date: October 19, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Country Applicability of the U.S. Normal Trade Relations (Most-Favored-Nation) Status

Country Applicability of the U.S. Normal Trade Relations (Most-Favored-Nation) Status

Date: February 23, 2004
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: The United States accords permanent normal-trade-relations (NTR) (formerly called most-favored-nation (MFN)) treatment to all its trading partners except six countries to which it is denied by law and 11 countries whose NTR status is temporary and subject to the conditions of Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat, Corn, and Soybean Exports

China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat, Corn, and Soybean Exports

Date: June 4, 1996
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Softwood Lumber Imports: The 1996 U.S.-Canada Agreement

Softwood Lumber Imports: The 1996 U.S.-Canada Agreement

Date: June 13, 1996
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: An Economic Analysis

Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: An Economic Analysis

Date: March 23, 2005
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Combat Aircraft Sales to South Asia: Potential Implications

Combat Aircraft Sales to South Asia: Potential Implications

Date: May 19, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher; Grimmett, Richard F & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: In March 2005, the Bush Administration announced a willingness to resume sales of F-16 combat aircraft to Pakistan. Potential sales to India are also being considered. These potential sales have political, military, and defense industrial base implications for the United States and the South Asia region. H.R. 1553 and S. 12 would impose nonproliferation conditions on these sales.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Annual Arms Sales Process

Taiwan: Annual Arms Sales Process

Date: June 5, 2001
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Union's Arms Control Regime and Arms Exports to China: Background and Legal Analysis

European Union's Arms Control Regime and Arms Exports to China: Background and Legal Analysis

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F & Papademetriou, Theresa
Description: This report provides detailed background and legal analysis of the nature of the current European Union embargo on arms exports to China. It also provides detailed background on the European Union’s current Code of Conduct on Arms Exports. A strengthened version of the Code would be one of the control mechanisms that would remain should the EU lift the embargo on arms exports to China. This report also gives information on recent EU arms exports authorized for China. It further summarizes U.S. concerns regarding the lifting of the arms embargo, and notes the prospective timing of EU action on the embargo issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Arms Sales: Agreements with and Deliveries to Major Clients, 1996-2003

U.S. Arms Sales: Agreements with and Deliveries to Major Clients, 1996-2003

Date: December 8, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1996-2003

Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1996-2003

Date: August 26, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report is prepared annually to provide unclassified quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years. Some general data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. The data in the report illustrate how global patterns of conventional arms transfers have changed in the post-Cold War and post-Persian Gulf War years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1995-2002

Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1995-2002

Date: September 22, 2003
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report is prepared annually to provide unclassified quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years. Some general data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. The data in the report illustrate how global patterns of conventional arms transfers have changed in the post-Cold War and post-Persian Gulf War years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Date: March 11, 2004
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Date: May 7, 2003
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department