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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S.-EU Poultry Dispute on the Use of Pathogen Reduction Treatments (PRTs)

U.S.-EU Poultry Dispute on the Use of Pathogen Reduction Treatments (PRTs)

Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report highlights the dispute between the U.S. and EU over the use of Pathogen Reduction Treatments (PRTs) during the processing of poultry products. PRT's are antimicrobial rinses--including chlorine dioxide, acidified sodium chlorite, trisodium phosphate, and peroxyacids, among others--that have been approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) for use in poultry processing to reduce the amount of microbes on meat.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data

Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data

Date: April 27, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report addresses the issue of jobs outsourcing by analyzing the extent of direct investment into and out of the economy, the role such investment plays in U.S. trade, jobs, and production, and the relationship between direct investment and the broader economic changes that are occurring in the U.S. economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deferred Examination of Patent Applications: Implications for Innovation Policy

Deferred Examination of Patent Applications: Implications for Innovation Policy

Date: May 27, 2010
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report provides an overview of deferred patent examination. It begins by offering a brief review of patent acquisition proceedings as well as challenges faced by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The report then introduces the concept of deferred examination. The potential positive and negative consequences of deferred examination upon the environment for innovation within the United States are then explored. The report closes by identifying salient design parameters for deferred examination systems and reviewing congressional options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement: Effects After Five Years

The U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement: Effects After Five Years

Date: March 26, 2010
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the major trade and economic effects of the U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (FTA) (P.L. 108-78), from the time that it went into effect (January 1, 2004) over the three years ending in 2006. It also includes detailed information on key provisions of the agreement and legislative action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

Date: January 14, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses the long-standing and acrimonious trade dispute between the United States and the European Union (EU) over the EU's decision to ban hormone-treated meat.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: June 23, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report looks at the purposes and results of U.S. sanctions in Iran, which were initiated as a result of Iran's nuclear program and human rights issues. It ends by discussing future issues that Congress can consider regarding the sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States-Canada Trade and Economic Relationship: Prospects and Challenges

United States-Canada Trade and Economic Relationship: Prospects and Challenges

Date: May 10, 2008
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: The United States and Canada conduct the world's largest bilateral trade relationship, with total merchandise trade (exports and imports) exceeding $561.5 billion in 2007. This report examines the various aspects of this trade partnership and presents several policy options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba Sanctions: Legislative Restrictions Limiting the Normalization of Relations

Cuba Sanctions: Legislative Restrictions Limiting the Normalization of Relations

Date: February 13, 2015
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E. & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report provides information on legislative provisions restricting relations with Cuba. It lists the various provisions of law comprising economic sanctions on Cuba, including key laws that are the statutory basis of the embargo, and provides information on the authority to lift or waive these restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Vietnam Economic and Trade Relations: Issues for the 111th Congress

U.S.-Vietnam Economic and Trade Relations: Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: May 3, 2010
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report will examine each of these trade issues, discussing their main elements and exploring their implications for the 111th Congress. This will be followed by an analysis of key trends in bilateral trade to discern any potential sources of trade friction in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: January 30, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.; Bolle, Mary Jane; Elwell, Craig K.; Jackson, James K.; Jones, Vivian C. & Villarreal, M. A.
Description: This report discusses trade issues relevant to Congress. The report is divided into four sections in a question-and-answer format: trade concepts; U.S. trade performance; formulation of U.S. trade policy; and trade and investment issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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