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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Costs of Government Interventions in Response to the Financial Crisis: A Retrospective

Costs of Government Interventions in Response to the Financial Crisis: A Retrospective

Date: February 27, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report presents how much the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) ultimately cost (or benefited) the taxpayers based on straightforward cash accounting as reported by the various agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Volcker Rule: A Legal Analysis

The Volcker Rule: A Legal Analysis

Date: March 27, 2014
Creator: Carpenter, David H. & Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: This report provides an introduction to the Volcker Rule, which is the regulatory regime imposed upon banking institutions and their affiliates under Section 619 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-203).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Farmers

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Farmers

Date: March 26, 2014
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: This report discusses the trade adjustment assistance (TAA) program for firms (TAAF). The TAAF program provides technical assistance to trade-affected firms to help them develop strategies and make other adjustments to remain competitive in the changing international economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Smith, Jane M.; Shedd, Daniel T. & Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report briefly discusses the process used to enact U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs). In each case these agreements have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What's the Difference?--Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data

What's the Difference?--Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data

Date: March 31, 2014
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the size of the U.S. bilateral trade deficit with China that continues to be an important issue in bilateral trade relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

Date: April 22, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses the long-standing and acrimonious trade dispute between the United States and the European Union (EU) over the EU's decision to ban hormone-treated meat.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Date: April 4, 2014
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report provides background on intellectual property rights (IPR) and discusses the role of U.S. international trade policy in enhancing IPR protection and enforcement abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Power to Regulate Commerce: Limits on Congressional Power

The Power to Regulate Commerce: Limits on Congressional Power

Date: May 16, 2014
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report discusses the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, which provides that the Congress shall have the power to regulate interstate and foreign commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: April 21, 2014
Creator: Cooper, William H.; Fergusson, Ian F. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report provides background information Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), and discusses U.S. trade negotiating objectives, procedures for congressional-executive notification and consultation, and expedited legislative procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Vietnam Economic and Trade Relations: Issues for the 113th Congress

U.S.-Vietnam Economic and Trade Relations: Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: April 14, 2014
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.
Description: This report examines the bilateral trade issues between United States and Vietnam, discussing their main elements and exploring their potential implications for the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP): In Brief

Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP): In Brief

Date: June 11, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP), and discusses the congressional interest, market access, regulatory issues, and trade-related rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

Date: July 1, 2014
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.-Mexico trade and economic trends, the Mexican economy, the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and major trade issues between the United States and Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High-Frequency Trading: Background, Concerns, and Regulatory Developments

High-Frequency Trading: Background, Concerns, and Regulatory Developments

Date: June 19, 2014
Creator: Shorter, Gary & Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report provides an overview of high-frequency trading (HFT) in the equities and derivatives markets regulated by the SEC and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). It also examines the Flash Crash of 2010 and the role that HFT may have played, as well as recent regulatory developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA at 20: Overview and Trade Effects

NAFTA at 20: Overview and Trade Effects

Date: April 28, 2014
Creator: Villarreal, M. A. & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report provides andoverview of North American Free Trade Agreement provisions and discusses trade trends and economic effects, as well other issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: June 30, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. It also discusses ways in which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: March 14, 2014
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade balance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: June 13, 2014
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses U.S. security assistance to Taiwan, or Republic of China (ROC), including policy issues for Congress and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers

Date: March 5, 2014
Creator: Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report provides background on the Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers (TAA) program, which provides federal assistance to workers who have been adversely affected by foreign trade. The report discusses TAA eligibility and benefits as set by the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011; describes how the program is funded and administered; and presents data on recent application activity and benefit usage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

Date: March 22, 2013
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Rosenblum, Marc R.
Description: This report describes and analyzes U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) role in the U.S. import process. (The report does not cover CBP's role in the U.S. export control system.)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

Date: April 3, 2013
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Rosenblum, Marc R.
Description: This report describes and analyzes U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) role in the U.S. import process. (The report does not cover CBP's role in the U.S. export control system.)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

Date: March 19, 2013
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; Cooper, William H.; Jurenas, Remy & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report examines the issues related to the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the state and substance of the negotiations (to the degree that the information is publically available), the specific areas under negotiation, the policy and economic contexts in which the TPP would fit, and the issues for Congress that the TPP presents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Poultry Dispute on the Use of Pathogen Reduction Treatments (PRTs)

U.S.-EU Poultry Dispute on the Use of Pathogen Reduction Treatments (PRTs)

Date: January 9, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report highlights the dispute between the U.S. and EU over the use of Pathogen Reduction Treatments (PRTs) during the processing of poultry products. PRT's are antimicrobial rinses--including chlorine dioxide, acidified sodium chlorite, trisodium phosphate, and peroxyacids, among others--that have been approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) for use in poultry processing to reduce the amount of microbes on meat.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

Date: August 21, 2013
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; Cooper, William H.; Jurenas, Remy & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report examines the issues related to the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the state and substance of the negotiations (to the degree that the information is publically available), the specific areas under negotiation, the policy and economic contexts in which the TPP would fit, and the issues for Congress that the TPP presents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department