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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Farm Support Programs and World Trade Commitments

Farm Support Programs and World Trade Commitments

Date: July 20, 2001
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: Congress is now debating reauthorization of omnibus farm legislation, as most commodityprice support provisions expire in 2002. This report discusses this debate, specifically aspects relating to commitments that the U.S. has as a World Trade Organization (WTO) member. Because of the interrelationships between trade and domestic support policies, lawmakers are interested in what the Agreement on Agriculture stipulates with regard to domestic supports, and how not only the United States but also other countries are meeting their Agreement commitments.
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IMF and World Bank: U.S. Contributions and Agency Budgets

IMF and World Bank: U.S. Contributions and Agency Budgets

Date: December 9, 1999
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: This paper shows how much the United States has contributed to these international agencies in recent years. It also shows how much the international agencies budget (and the source of those funds) for their administrative expenses and their operational budgets. This report will be updated periodically.
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Farm Bill Trade and Food Aid Provisions

Farm Bill Trade and Food Aid Provisions

Date: May 8, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses the trade provisions of omnibus farm legislation, passed in May 2002. The measure includes a trade title reauthorizing, through 2007, the major foreign food aid and agricultural export programs. It also contains other provisions affecting agricultural trade, including new country-of-origin labeling requirements for meat, seafood, and produce; and increased domestic farm subsidies with possible implications for U.S. trade relations.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: March 22, 2002
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: May 9, 2002
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: August 13, 2002
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: November 8, 2002
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: March 11, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: May 5, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report discuses lumber imports from Canada and provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: June 24, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: August 4, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
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Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: September 15, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report discuses lumber imports from Canada and provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events.
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Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a side-by-side comparison of the reported versions of H.R. 2621 and S. 1269, 105 Congress bills that would provide the President with trade negotiating authority and accord certain resulting agreements and implementing bills expedited -- or “fast-track” -- legislative consideration.
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Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Date: September 15, 1998
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a side-by-side comparison of H.R. 2621 and S. 2400, as reported, 105th Congress bills that would provide the President with trade negotiating authority and accord certain resulting agreements and implementing bills expedited -- or "fast-track" -- legislative consideration.
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Fast Track for Trade Agreements: Procedural Controls for Congress and Proposed Alternatives

Fast Track for Trade Agreements: Procedural Controls for Congress and Proposed Alternatives

Date: October 31, 1997
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: This report discusses the fast track trade procedures in the Trade Act of 1974 operate as procedural rules of the House and Senate, and the statute itself declares them to be enacted as an exercise of the constitutional authority of each house to determine its own rules. These procedures prevent Congress from altering an implementing bill or declining to act, but permit it to enact or reject the bill. By these means Congress retains authority to legislate in the areas covered, yet affords the President conditions for effective negotiation.
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Fast-Track Authority for Trade Agreements (Trade Promotion Authority): Background and Developments in the 107th Congress

Fast-Track Authority for Trade Agreements (Trade Promotion Authority): Background and Developments in the 107th Congress

Date: May 14, 2001
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: This report discusses one of the major trade issues in the 107th Congress: whether or not Congress approves authority for the President to negotiate trade agreements with expedited, or "fast track" procedures. Under this authority, Congress agrees to consider legislation to implement the nontariff trade agreements under a procedure with mandatory deadlines, no amendment, and limited debate. The President is required to consult with congressional committees during negotiation of nontariff trade agreements and notify Congress before entering into any such agreement. The President was granted fast-track authority almost continuously from 1974 to 1994, but the authority lapsed and has not been renewed.
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APEC - Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation: Free Trade and Other Issues

APEC - Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation: Free Trade and Other Issues

Date: November 10, 1993
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: As a result of an initiative by Australia in 1989, the United States joined with eleven other Asia/Pacific nations in creating APEC, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation organization. This report discusses the annual Ministerial Meeting of APEC in Seattle, held from November 17 - 19, 1993.
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APEC and Free Trade in the Asia Pacific

APEC and Free Trade in the Asia Pacific

Date: November 14, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report discusses the summit held by President Bill Clinton and other leaders of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) on November 19, 1995. The report discusses the primary reason for the summit, an Action Agenda intended to lead to free and open trade and investment among its members. The report also discusses how APEC countries were divided on certain issues going into this summit.
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Is the U.S. Trade Deficit Caused by a Global Saving Glut?

Is the U.S. Trade Deficit Caused by a Global Saving Glut?

Date: November 4, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the concern about the size of the current U.S. account deficit, popularly known as the trade deficit. Also compares and analyzes the conventional view with the global saving glut view.
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Imported Automobiles in the United States: Their Rising Market Share and the Macroeconomic Impact of a Proposed Import Restriction

Imported Automobiles in the United States: Their Rising Market Share and the Macroeconomic Impact of a Proposed Import Restriction

Date: September 15, 1980
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Elwell, Craig
Description: After two generations of almost unchallenged supremacy, the U.S. auto industry has recently faced plummeting sales, rising competition from imports, and mounting requirements for capital investment and structural change. This has resulted in massive spilling of red ink in the industry's profit and loss columns, further financial pressures on the ailing Chrysler Corporation, layoffs of nearly 250,000 workers (as of August 4, 1980 in the automotive industry alone according to the United Auto Workers Union) and soaring claims for unemployment compensation and trade adjustment assistance. This study focuses on import competition in the auto industry and the economic impact of proposals to limit such competition through either import quotas or agreements with foreign governments (Japan) to restrict automotive exports to the United States.
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Free Trade Agreements and the WTO Exceptions

Free Trade Agreements and the WTO Exceptions

Date: September 22, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J. & Tatelman, Todd B.
Description: World Trade Organization (WTO) Members must grant immediate and unconditional most-favored-nation (MFN) treatment to the products of other Members with respect to tariffs and other trade matters. Free trade agreements (FTA) are facially inconsistent with this obligation because they grant countries who are party to the agreement the ability to receive more favorable trade benefits than those extended to other trading partners. Due to the prevailing view that such arrangements are trade enhancing, Article XXIV of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) contains a specific exception for FTAs. The growing number of regional trade agreements, however, has made it difficult for the WTO to efficiently monitor the consistency of FTAs with the provided exemption. This report examines this issue.
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The Jackson-Vanik Amendment: A Survey

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment: A Survey

Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: This report discusses the Jackson-Vanik amendment, which was enacted as part of the Trade Act of 1974 and was directly a U.S. reaction to the severe restrictions the Soviet Union had placed in late 1972 on the emigration of its citizens, but was expanded in its scope to apply to all so-called “nonmarket economy” (NME) countries. The amendment, in effect, requires compliance with its specific free-emigration criteria as a key condition for the restoration of certain benefits theretofore denied to NME countries in their economic relations with the United States.
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