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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis

Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis

Date: June 10, 2013
Creator: Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report provides a comparative economic analysis of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) countries and their economic relations with the United States. It suggests that the TPP negotiating partners encompass great diversity in population, economic development, and trade and investment patterns with the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peru in Brief: Political and Economic Conditions and Relations with the United States

Peru in Brief: Political and Economic Conditions and Relations with the United States

Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report provides an overview of Peru's government and economy and a discussion of issues in relations between the United States and Peru.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: June 6, 2013
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: Report that discusses: President Obama's trade reorganization proposal; the context of the trade reorganization debate; key issues that Congress may face related to the debate; potential policy options for Congress; and the outlook for trade reorganization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Stability Oversight Council: A Framework to Mitigate Systemic Risk

Financial Stability Oversight Council: A Framework to Mitigate Systemic Risk

Date: May 21, 2013
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Description: This report describes the mission, membership, and scope of the Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC). It provides an analysis of several major policy issues related to the FSOC that may come before the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Burma's Political Prisoners and U.S. Sanctions

Burma's Political Prisoners and U.S. Sanctions

Date: May 14, 2013
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the current issues in Burma (Myanmar) in regards to political prisoners and the resulting U.S. sanctions against the nation. It includes an introduction and definitions; information about current estimates of prisoners and prisoner releases; the relation of political prisoners, parliamentary elections and national reconciliation; and U.S. sanctions and U.S. efforts regarding political prisoners, as well as relevant issues for Congress to consider.
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U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: May 9, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade balance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Investment Agreements: Issues for Congress

U.S. International Investment Agreements: Issues for Congress

Date: April 29, 2013
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias & Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. international investment agreements, focusing specifically on bilateral investment treaties (BITs) and investment chapters in free trade agreements (FTAs). It discusses key trends in U.S. and international investment flows, governance structures for investment at the bilateral and multilateral levels, the goals and basic components of investment provisions in U.S. international investment agreements, the outcomes of the Administration's Model BIT review, and key policy issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Date: April 22, 2013
Creator: Jurenas, Remy & Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report covers the dispute between the U.S and its neighbors Canada and Mexico, who say that the recent country-of-origin labeling (COOL) system implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is unfair and does not meet its original objectives. The dispute was brought before the World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel and found to be valid. The report ends with a discussion of options for the U.S. in regards to modifying COOL to follow WTO rulings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade balance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress

International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F. & Irace, Mary A.
Description: This report discusses a variety of issues faced by the 113th Congress. Topics include trade negotiations with China, export controls and sanctions, import policies, intellectual property rights, international investments and international financial institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; Cooper, William H.; Jurenas, Remy & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report examines the issues related to the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the state and substance of the negotiations (to the degree that the information is publically available), the specific areas under negotiation, the policy and economic contexts in which the TPP would fit, and the issues for Congress that the TPP presents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Smith, Jane M.; Shedd, Daniel T. & Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report briefly discusses the process used to enact U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs). In each case these agreements have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Possible Entry Into the Trans-Pacific Partnership and Its Implications

Japan's Possible Entry Into the Trans-Pacific Partnership and Its Implications

Date: April 8, 2013
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report discusses the effects of the possible entry of Japan to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations. The TPP issue presents both risks and opportunities for the United States and Japan. On the one hand, it could reinvigorate an economic relationship that has remained steady but stagnant, by forcing the two countries to address long-standing, difficult issues, and allowing them to raise their relationship to a higher level. On the other hand, failure to do so could indicate that the underlying problems are too fundamental to overcome and could set back the relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Natural Gas Exports: New Opportunities, Uncertain Outcomes

U.S. Natural Gas Exports: New Opportunities, Uncertain Outcomes

Date: April 8, 2013
Creator: Ratner, Michael; Parfomak, Paul W.; Fergusson, Ian F. & Luther, Linda
Description: This report examines what has changed in the U.S. natural gas market and the prospects and implications of the United States becoming a significant net natural gas exporter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

Date: April 3, 2013
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Rosenblum, Marc R.
Description: This report describes and analyzes U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) role in the U.S. import process. (The report does not cover CBP's role in the U.S. export control system.)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EU-U.S. Economic Ties: Framework, Scope, and Magnitude

EU-U.S. Economic Ties: Framework, Scope, and Magnitude

Date: April 2, 2013
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report provides background information and analysis of the U.S.-EU economic relationship for Members of the 113th Congress as they contemplate the costs and benefits of closer U.S. economic ties with the EU. It examines the economic and political framework of the relationship and the scope and magnitude of the ties based on data from various sources. In addition, the report analyzes the implications these factors have for U.S. economic policy toward the EU.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: March 29, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report gives a brief overview of P.L. 110-49, the Foreign Investment and National Security Act of 2007. Although both the President and Congress are directly involved in formulating the scope and direction of U.S. foreign investment policy, this law broadens Congress' oversight role; it also explicitly includes the areas of homeland security and critical infrastructure as separately-identifiable components of national security that the President must consider when evaluating the national security implications of a foreign investment transaction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: March 29, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report covers the recent background of the Exon-Florio provision with special regards to issues faced in the 112th Congress. The Exon-Florio provision grants the President the authority to block proposed or pending foreign acquisitions of "persons engaged in interstate commerce in the United States" that threaten to impair the national security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties

Date: March 28, 2013
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report discusses the issues surrounding whether or not the U.S. should grant Russia permanent normal trade relations (PNTR) following its accession into the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Trade Facilitation, Enforcement, and Security

Date: March 22, 2013
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Rosenblum, Marc R.
Description: This report describes and analyzes U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) role in the U.S. import process. (The report does not cover CBP's role in the U.S. export control system.)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

Date: March 19, 2013
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; Cooper, William H.; Jurenas, Remy & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report examines the issues related to the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the state and substance of the negotiations (to the degree that the information is publically available), the specific areas under negotiation, the policy and economic contexts in which the TPP would fit, and the issues for Congress that the TPP presents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

Date: March 19, 2013
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.-Mexico economic relations, trade trends, the Mexican economy, NAFTA, and trade issues between the United States and Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: March 18, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report describes the open economy and society of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as well as U.S. concern over proliferation of advanced technology due to the open economy and the UAE's lax export controls. It discusses these issues in relation to a recently-signed U.S.-UAE civilian nuclear agreement. It also provides a general description of the UAE's government and political structure, as well as the effects of the recent global economic downturn on the UAE in general and on the city of Dubai in particular.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: March 14, 2013
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses U.S. security assistance to Taiwan (calling itself Republic of China (ROC)), including policy issues for Congress and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department