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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2010
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trade Primer: Qs and As on Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy

Trade Primer: Qs and As on Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy

Date: December 8, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: This report is divided into four sections in a question-and-answer format: trade concepts, U.S. trade performance, formulation of U.S. trade policy, and trade and investment issues. The first section on "Trade Concepts" deals with why countries trade, the consequences of trade expansion, and the relationship between globalization and trade. The second section, on trade performance, focuses on the U.S. trade deficit and its impact on industries. The third section deals with the roles played by the Executive Branch, Congress, the private sector, and the Judiciary in the formulation of U.S. trade policy. The fourth section, on U.S. trade and investment policy, asks questions related to trade negotiations and agreements and to imports, exports, and investments.
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The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Date: November 1, 2010
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), a free trade agreement that includes nations on both sides of the Pacific. Original members of the TPP were Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore. The United States, Australia, Peru, and Vietnam have committed themselves to joining and expanding this group. This report discusses similar trade partnerships, the importance of Asia to U.S. trade and security interests, and U.S. participation in the TPP.
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International Trade: Rules of Origin

International Trade: Rules of Origin

Date: May 14, 2010
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report deals with rules of origin (ROO) in three parts. First, we describe in more detail the reasons that country of origin rules are important and briefly describe U.S. laws and methods that provide direction in making these determinations. Second, we discuss briefly some of the more controversial issues involving rules of origin, including the apparently subjective nature of some CBP origin determinations, and the effects of the global manufacturing process on ROO. Third, we conclude with some alternatives and options that Congress could consider that might assist in simplifying the process.
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The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Date: June 25, 2010
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), a free trade agreement that includes nations on both sides of the Pacific. Original members of the TPP were Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore. The United States, Australia, Peru, and Vietnam have committed themselves to joining and expanding this group. This report discusses similar trade partnerships, the importance of Asia to U.S. trade and security interests, and U.S. participation in the TPP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Trade Law: An Introduction to Selected International Agreements and U.S. Laws

Date: June 29, 2010
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report is an introductory overview of the legal framework governing trade-related measures. The agreements and laws selected for discussion are those most commonly implicated by U.S. trade interests, but there are U.S. trade obligations beyond those reviewed in this report.
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The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

Date: December 6, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée & Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses the long-standing and acrimonious trade dispute between the United States and the European Union (EU) over the EU's decision to ban hormone-treated meat.
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Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Date: July 15, 2010
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: This report covers the country-of-origin labeling (COOL) system implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Canada and Mexico say that the (COOL) system is unfair and does not meet its original objectives, while Congress is considering legislation that would further expand labeling requirements.
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Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Date: September 8, 2010
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties. The congressional-executive agreement has been the vehicle for implementing Congress's long-standing policy of seeking trade benefits for the United States through reciprocal trade negotiations. This report discusses this topic in brief.
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Trade Promotion Authority and the Korea Free Trade Agreement

Trade Promotion Authority and the Korea Free Trade Agreement

Date: December 22, 2010
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report looks at the effects of the Korean Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) on side agreements via the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
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Pending U.S. and EU Free Trade Agreements with South Korea: Possible Implications for Automobile and Other Manufacturing Industries

Pending U.S. and EU Free Trade Agreements with South Korea: Possible Implications for Automobile and Other Manufacturing Industries

Date: September 1, 2010
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report provides U.S. lawmakers with a comparison of the manufacturing components in the South Korea free trade agreement (KORUS) and the European Union and South Korea free trade agreement (KOREU FTA). Also included is a brief overview of the possible implications of the two pending FTAs on other selected industrial sectors affected by the FTAs: home appliances, consumer electronics, textiles and apparel, and pharmaceuticals and medical devices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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