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 Country: United States
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Date: January 10, 2011
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), a free trade agreement that includes nations on both sides of the Pacific. Original members of the TPP were Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore. The United States, Australia, Peru, and Vietnam have committed themselves to joining and expanding this group. This report discusses similar trade partnerships, the importance of Asia to U.S. trade and security interests, and U.S. participation in the TPP.
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The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Date: December 12, 2011
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), a free trade agreement that includes nations on both sides of the Pacific. Original members of the TPP were Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore. The United States, Australia, Peru, and Vietnam have committed themselves to joining and expanding this group. This report discusses similar trade partnerships, the importance of Asia to U.S. trade and security interests, and U.S. participation in the TPP.
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The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

Date: September 5, 2012
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; Cooper, William H.; Jurenas, Remy & Williams, Brock R.
Description: Report that examines the issues related to the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the state and substance of the negotiations (to the degree that the information is publicly available), the specific areas under negotiation, the policy and economic contexts in which the TPP would fit, and the issues for Congress that the TPP presents.
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The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

Date: November 21, 2012
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; Cooper, William H.; Jurenas, Remy & Williams, Brock R.
Description: Report that discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), a free trade agreement that includes nations on both sides of the Pacific. Topics include similar trade partnerships, the importance of Asia to U.S. trade and security interests, and U.S. participation in the TPP.
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Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis

Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis

Date: February 8, 2012
Creator: Williams, Brock R.
Description: The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a proposed regional free trade agreement (FTA) currently under negotiation between Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States, and Vietnam. The negotiating partners have expressed an interest in allowing this proposed “living agreement” to cover new trade topics and to include new members that are willing to adopt the proposed agreement's high standards. This report provides a comparative economic analysis of the TPP countries and their economic relations with the United States. It suggests that the TPP negotiating partners encompass great diversity in population, economic development, and trade and investment patterns with the United States. This economic diversity and inclusion of fast-growing emerging markets presents both opportunities and challenges for the United States in achieving a comprehensive and high standard regional FTA among TPP countries.
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Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis

Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis

Date: May 30, 2012
Creator: Williams, Brock R.
Description: The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a proposed regional free trade agreement (FTA) currently under negotiation between Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States, and Vietnam. Congressional involvement includes consultations with U.S. negotiators on and oversight of the details of the negotiations, and eventual consideration of legislation to implement the final trade agreement. This report provides a comparative economic analysis of the TPP countries and their economic relations with the United States.
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Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Date: January 19, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties. The congressional-executive agreement has been the vehicle for implementing Congress's long-standing policy of seeking trade benefits for the United States through reciprocal trade negotiations. This report discusses this topic in brief.
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The U.S. Export Control System and the President's Reform Initiative

The U.S. Export Control System and the President's Reform Initiative

Date: May 18, 2012
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: The 112th Congress may consider reforms of the U.S. export control system. The balance between national security and export competitiveness has made the subject of export controls controversial for decades. The U.S. export control system is diffused among several different licensing and enforcement agencies. This report not only discussed the background of such issues, but also the differences between the Obama Administration and Congress' approaches to export legislation reform.
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U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 3, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.; Bolle, Mary Jane; Jackson, James K.; Jones, Vivian C.; Villarreal, M. A. & Meza, Candy
Description: This report discusses trade issues relevant to Congress. It is divided into four sections in a question-and-answer format: trade concepts; U.S. trade performance; formulation of U.S. trade policy; and trade and investment issues.
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U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

Date: July 23, 2015
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report reviews the current state of agricultural trade between the United States and Cuba. It identifies key impediments to expanding bilateral trade in agricultural products and key provisions in the law to which these obstacles are anchored, and also considers the potential consequences for trade in agricultural goods if bilateral trade were returned to a more normal footing. It also summarizes several of the bills introduced in the 114th Congress that propose to remove specific restrictions that impede trade in agricultural goods or that seek to lift the embargo on Cuba entirely.
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U.S. Trade in Services: Trends and Policy Issues

U.S. Trade in Services: Trends and Policy Issues

Date: September 22, 2015
Creator: Fefer, Rachel F.
Description: This report provides background information and analysis on U.S. international trade in services. It analyzes policy issues before the United States, especially relating to negotiating international disciplines on trade in services and dealing complexities in measuring trade in services. The report also examines emerging issues and current negotiations.
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U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report reviews the current state of agricultural trade between the United States and Cuba, identifies key impediments to expanding bilateral trade in agricultural products and key provisions in the law to which these obstacles are anchored. It also summarizes several of the bills introduced in the 114th Congress that propose to remove specific restrictions that impede trade in agricultural goods or that seek to lift the embargo on Cuba entirely.
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U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: November 5, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.; Bolle, Mary Jane; Jackson, James K.; Jones, Vivian C.; Villarreal, M. Angeles & Fefer, Rachel F.
Description: This report discusses trade issues relevant to Congress. It is divided into four sections in a question-and-answer format: trade concepts; U.S. trade performance; formulation of U.S. trade policy; and trade and investment issues.
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U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 25, 2016
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.; Jackson, James K.; Jones, Vivian C.; Villarreal, M. A.; Fefer, Rachel F. & Feng, Ashley
Description: This report provides information and context for trade topics. It is intended to assist Members and staff who may be new to trade issues. The report is divided into four sections in a question-and-answer format: trade concepts; U.S. trade performance; formulation of U.S. trade policy; and trade and investment issues.
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Domestic Content Restrictions: The Buy American Act and Complementary Provisions of Federal Law

Domestic Content Restrictions: The Buy American Act and Complementary Provisions of Federal Law

Date: January 6, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.; Dolan, Alissa M.; Murrill, Brandon J. & Perry, Rodney M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Buy American Act, Trade Agreements Act, Berry Amendment (including its former specialty metals provision), and Buy America Act, specifically highlighting the commonalities and differences among them. The report also lists other federal domestic content restrictions codified in the U.S. Code.
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Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Date: January 28, 2014
Creator: Jurenas, Remy & Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report covers the dispute between the U.S with its neighbors, Canada and Mexico, who say that the recent country-of-origin labeling (COOL) system implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is unfair and does not meet its original objectives. This dispute was brought before the WTO dispute panel and found to be valid. The report ends with a discussion of options for the U.S. in regards to modifying COOL to follow WTO rulings.
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The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

Date: April 22, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses the long-standing and acrimonious trade dispute between the United States and the European Union (EU) over the EU's decision to ban hormone-treated meat.
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Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP): In Brief

Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP): In Brief

Date: June 11, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP), and discusses the congressional interest, market access, regulatory issues, and trade-related rules.
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The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

Date: December 6, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée & Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses the long-standing and acrimonious trade dispute between the United States and the European Union (EU) over the EU's decision to ban hormone-treated meat.
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Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Date: January 28, 2014
Creator: Jurenas, Remy & Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report covers the dispute between the U.S with its neighbors, Canada and Mexico, who say that the recent country-of-origin labeling (COOL) system implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is unfair and does not meet its original objectives. This dispute was brought before the WTO dispute panel and found to be valid. The report ends with a discussion of options for the U.S. in regards to modifying COOL to follow WTO rulings.
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Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Date: July 15, 2010
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: This report covers the country-of-origin labeling (COOL) system implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Canada and Mexico say that the (COOL) system is unfair and does not meet its original objectives, while Congress is considering legislation that would further expand labeling requirements.
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Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Date: April 22, 2013
Creator: Jurenas, Remy & Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report covers the dispute between the U.S and its neighbors Canada and Mexico, who say that the recent country-of-origin labeling (COOL) system implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is unfair and does not meet its original objectives. The dispute was brought before the World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel and found to be valid. The report ends with a discussion of options for the U.S. in regards to modifying COOL to follow WTO rulings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute

Date: January 14, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses the long-standing and acrimonious trade dispute between the United States and the European Union (EU) over the EU's decision to ban hormone-treated meat.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Date: January 29, 2015
Creator: Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report covers the dispute between the U.S with its neighbors, Canada and Mexico, who say that the recent country-of-origin labeling (COOL) system implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is unfair and does not meet its original objectives. This dispute was brought before the WTO dispute panel and found to be valid. The report ends with a discussion of options for the U.S. in regards to modifying COOL to follow WTO rulings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department