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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Russia and U.S. Foreign Assistance: 1992-1996

Russia and U.S. Foreign Assistance: 1992-1996

Date: March 20, 1996
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report provides historical background that may be useful to Congress as it considers funding levels, types of programs, and problems in implementation of U.S. assistance to other countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Date: June 5, 1998
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E. & Shuey, Robert D.
Description: This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions and the events that might necessitate their use, criteria to consider when determining if sanctions are appropriate, approaches that might be effective, and aspects of the use of sanctions that are sometimes overlooked or not considered fully. The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Aid: Implementing the Assistance Program, 1992-1994

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Aid: Implementing the Assistance Program, 1992-1994

Date: January 18, 1995
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: In fiscal year 1994, the new states of the former Soviet Union became collectively the second largest recipient of U.S. foreign assistance made available from all sources. Whether and how the assistance program is helping to bring about democratic systems and free market economies is increasingly a question of interest to Congress and the public at large.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

Date: March 27, 1995
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: The Uruguay Round Agreement reduced tariffs, brought services, intellectual property, and agriculture under the discipline of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and established the World Trade Organization. Multilateral trade issues for the future include continuing services negotiations, the relationship of the environment and labor standards to trade, and investment and competition policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Arms Transfers: President Clinton's Policy Directive

Conventional Arms Transfers: President Clinton's Policy Directive

Date: May 17, 1995
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: President Clinton released details of his Conventional Arms Transfer Policy on February 17, 1995, which are embodied in Presidential Decision Directive 34 (PDD-34). The President's action followed several months of internal debate and discussion by the Clinton Administration, the first detailed examination of conventional arms transfer policy since the Cold War's end.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade and Environment: Treatment in Recent Agreements--GATT and NAFTA

Trade and Environment: Treatment in Recent Agreements--GATT and NAFTA

Date: February 24, 1994
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R. & Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report reviews some of the concerns surrounding the environment work program and other environmental issues. It briefly describes work underway in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and current thinking underlying development of U.S. positions on trade and the environment in the GATT.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Economic Sanctions Through 1996

U.S. Economic Sanctions Through 1996

Date: November 21, 1996
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E. & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: Since the early 1960s, the United States has imposed a range of economic sanctions on Cuba, the most prominent of which is a comprehensive embargo prohibiting trade with Cuba. This Congressional Research Service report first provides an overview of U.S.-Cuba relations and U.S. policy toward Cuba. It then examines the history and current legislative and executive authorities of the various components of U.S. sanctions against Cuba, including aid, trade, and other restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Economic Relations: Selected References

Japan-U.S. Economic Relations: Selected References

Date: August 1, 1992
Creator: Howe, Robert
Description: This report contains a list of readings focuses on the current state of the U.S. economic relationship with Japan. A general, introductory section is followed by citations discussing specific Japanese business practices and trade policies which have an impact on the relationship. The bibliography also describes trade trends in specific sectors (including commentaries on the semiconductor agreement) and concludes with a section on policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Date: November 1, 1999
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E & Shuey, Robert
Description: This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions. It addresses the following questions: Why do we apply sanctions? What objectives does the U.S. government seek to achieve when it imposes sanctions? Who imposes sanctions? What tools are available? How likely is it that sanctions will achieve the stated goal? What secondary consequences might sanctions have? What change is required for the sanctions to be lifted? Would multilateral sanctions be more desirable and achievable? The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Missile Technology and Nuclear Reactor Transfers to Iran

Russian Missile Technology and Nuclear Reactor Transfers to Iran

Date: December 14, 1998
Creator: Goldman, Stuart D; Katzman, Kenneth; Shuey, Robert & Behrens, Carl E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat, Corn, and Soybean Exports

China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat, Corn, and Soybean Exports

Date: June 4, 1996
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Softwood Lumber Imports: The 1996 U.S.-Canada Agreement

Softwood Lumber Imports: The 1996 U.S.-Canada Agreement

Date: June 13, 1996
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
CBI/NAFTA Parity Proposals: A Comparison

CBI/NAFTA Parity Proposals: A Comparison

Date: October 8, 1999
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: The tariff and quota treatment of U.S. imports from Mexico under the North American Free Trade Agreement has resulted in a distinct and increasing competitive disadvantage for imports from the beneficiary countries of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA). To eliminate this disadvantage, proposals have been made to extend to imports from Caribbean Basin countries preferential treatment equivalent to that accorded imports of identical goods from Mexico. This report compares the provisions of four such proposals: Title I of H.R. 984, Title I of S. 371, H.R. 1834, and S. 1389.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade: Proposals to Reorganize the Trade Policy Structure

U.S. Trade: Proposals to Reorganize the Trade Policy Structure

Date: November 20, 1995
Creator: Cooper, William H & Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Automotive Framework Talks

Japan-U.S. Automotive Framework Talks

Date: November 10, 1994
Creator: Bass, Gwenell L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Most-Favored-Nation Status Policy of the United States

Most-Favored-Nation Status Policy of the United States

Date: January 6, 1994
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Issues in the 103rd Congress

Trade Issues in the 103rd Congress

Date: December 17, 1993
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?

Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?

Date: November 10, 1992
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 5100: Major Trade Legislation of the 102d Congress

H.R. 5100: Major Trade Legislation of the 102d Congress

Date: September 8, 1992
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M; Bass, Gwenell L; Cooper, William H & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?

Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?

Date: June 23, 1993
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?

Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?

Date: February 2, 1993
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: Dagne, Theodore S.
Description: In February 1997, the Clinton Administration submitted the second of five annual reports on the Administration's Comprehensive Trade and Development Policy for Africa as required by section 134 of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (House Document 103-3415, Vol. 1.). On April 24, 1997, members of the African Trade and Investment Caucus introduced a bill, H.R. 1432, on U.S.-Africa trade and investment issues. In his State of the Union address in January 1998, President Clinton called on Congress to pass the trade legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Maquiladoras and NAFTA: The Economics of U.S.-Mexico Production Sharing and Trade

Maquiladoras and NAFTA: The Economics of U.S.-Mexico Production Sharing and Trade

Date: January 27, 1998
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA: Economic Effects on the United States After Three Years

NAFTA: Economic Effects on the United States After Three Years

Date: June 13, 1997
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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