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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

Date: January 2, 2004
Creator: McCarthy, James E & Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The African Cotton Initiative and WTO Agriculture Negotiations

The African Cotton Initiative and WTO Agriculture Negotiations

Date: January 16, 2004
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses the African cotton initiative, over which disagreement has blocked progress on an agreement on agriculture in the current round of multilateral trade negotiations known as the Doha Development Agenda (DDA). In World Trade Organization (WTO) Negotiations on agriculture, a group of African countries have proposed that all subsidies for cotton be eliminated by the end of four years. The proposal also advocates compensating African cotton producing countries for revenues estimated to be lost due to cotton subsidies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA at Ten: Lessons from Recent Studies

NAFTA at Ten: Lessons from Recent Studies

Date: February 13, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report provides an analytical summary of the economic lessons reached in support of Congress's role in the trade policy process. On January 1, 2004, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) completed its tenth year and most of its provisions are now implemented. NAFTA is a free trade agreement (FTA) that effectively added Mexico to the U.S.-Canada FTA completed in 1989. Its anniversary has sparked numerous evaluations, which are particularly relevant as the United States pursues free trade agreements with multiple Latin American countries. Most studies found that NAFTA's effects on the U.S. and Mexican economies to be modest at most.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Country Applicability of the U.S. Normal Trade Relations (Most-Favored-Nation) Status

Country Applicability of the U.S. Normal Trade Relations (Most-Favored-Nation) Status

Date: February 23, 2004
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: The United States accords permanent normal-trade-relations (NTR) (formerly called most-favored-nation (MFN)) treatment to all its trading partners except six countries to which it is denied by law and 11 countries whose NTR status is temporary and subject to the conditions of Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
India-U.S. Economic Relations

India-U.S. Economic Relations

Date: February 25, 2004
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Restricting Trademark Rights of Cubans: WTO Decision and Congressional Response

Restricting Trademark Rights of Cubans: WTO Decision and Congressional Response

Date: March 9, 2004
Creator: Lee, Margaret Mikyung
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Date: March 11, 2004
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Free Trade Area of the Americas: Status of Negotiations and Major Policy Issues

A Free Trade Area of the Americas: Status of Negotiations and Major Policy Issues

Date: March 12, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: In 1994, 34 Western Hemisphere nations met at the first Summit of the Americas, envisioning a plan for a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) by January 2005. Nine years later, the third draft text of the agreement was presented at the Miami trade ministerial held November 20-21, 2003. Deep differences remain unresolved, however, and, as reflected in the Ministerial Declaration, have taken the FTAA in a new direction. It calls for a two-tier framework comprising a set of “common rights and obligations” for all countries, augmented by voluntary plurilateral arrangements with country benefits related to commitments. A follow-up meeting in Puebla, Mexico was unable to clarify the details of this arrangement and negotiations will continue in late April 2004, when it is hoped that specific commitments will be defined. This report provides background and analysis for Congress on the proposed FTAA and will be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives

NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives

Date: March 23, 2004
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: March 26, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hong Kong - U.S. Economic Relations

Hong Kong - U.S. Economic Relations

Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patents and Drug Importation

Patents and Drug Importation

Date: May 25, 2004
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report explores the intellectual property laws and policies concerning the parallel importation of patented pharmaceuticals into the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Import Terminals: Siting, Safety and Regulation

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Import Terminals: Siting, Safety and Regulation

Date: May 27, 2004
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W & Flynn, Aaron M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration

The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration

Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: June 16, 2004
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2004, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cotton Production and Support in the United States

Cotton Production and Support in the United States

Date: June 24, 2004
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: This report explains the various cotton subsidy programs and provides quantitative data on market revenues, production costs, and the size of the subsidies. Also, it characterizes the relative position of the United States vis-a-vis other countries as a producer, exporter and importer of cotton. The purpose of this examination is to provide U.S. policy makers with a complete overview of U.S. cotton production and the federal programs that support that production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
South Korea-U.S. Economic Relations: Cooperation, Friction, and Future Prospects

South Korea-U.S. Economic Relations: Cooperation, Friction, and Future Prospects

Date: July 1, 2004
Creator: Manyin, Mark E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Date: July 15, 2004
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Date: July 15, 2004
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Date: July 28, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Date: July 29, 2004
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: In approving the FY2001 agriculture appropriations act, Congress codified the lifting of unilateral sanctions on commercial sales of food, agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical products to Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan, and extended this policy to Cuba (as enacted in by the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000, or TSRA). Congressional opponents of TSRA's prohibitions on private U.S. financing of agricultural sales, public financing of eligible exports, and tourist travel to Cuba have introduced bills since 2000 to repeal these provisions. Though several amendments to repeal or relax TSRA provisions relative to Cuba were adopted by committees or passed during floor debate, all were dropped in conference action. Administration officials continually signal to conferees they will advise the President to veto any bill that would change TSRA's prohibitions against Cuba.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: August 2, 2004
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Importing Prescription Drugs: Objectives, Options, and Outlook

Importing Prescription Drugs: Objectives, Options, and Outlook

Date: August 4, 2004
Creator: Thaul, Susan & Vogt, Donna U
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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