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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges

U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges

Date: December 23, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade and the Americas

Trade and the Americas

Date: October 19, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

Date: September 1, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report examines Thailand’s economy and trade orientation, the scope and significance of the U.S.-Thai commercial relationship, and the likely top issues in the negotiations. The report concludes with a short summary of the Congressional role and interest in the FTA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taxes, Exports and Investment: ETI/FSC and Domestic Investment Proposals in the 108th Congress

Taxes, Exports and Investment: ETI/FSC and Domestic Investment Proposals in the 108th Congress

Date: November 5, 2004
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taxes and Offshore Outsourcing

Taxes and Offshore Outsourcing

Date: December 15, 2004
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L.
Description: The impact of taxes on international trade and foreign investment has had a place in tax policy debates for decades, although its prominence has waxed and waned. The debate has tended to grow more heated during times of domestic economic weakness and high unemployment ; questions arise during such times over whether taxes contribute to such weakness by discouraging exports (or encouraging imports) or by encouraging U.S. firms to move abroad. In recent months, the debate over international taxation again became prominent as a part of the wider debate over “outsourcing.” With taxes, the debate asks how the current tax system likely affects outsourcing, and whether alternative tax policies designed to limit the phenomenon might be desirable. This report applies economic analysis to both questions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dumping of Exports and Antidumping Duties: Implications for the U.S. Economy

Dumping of Exports and Antidumping Duties: Implications for the U.S. Economy

Date: November 23, 2004
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: Dumping in the United States is the selling of a product by a foreign producer at a price that is below the product’s sale price in the country of origin, or at a price that is lower than the cost of production. Under U.S. law such an action is considered an unfair trade practice. If that action is found to cause “material injury” to a competing domestic industry, an antidumping duty equal to the “dumping margin” will be levied against the foreign good.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Terms of Trade: Significance, Trends, and Policy

U.S. Terms of Trade: Significance, Trends, and Policy

Date: September 15, 2004
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Trade Deficit: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

The U.S. Trade Deficit: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Date: August 12, 2004
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: August 23, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: March 26, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: October 12, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Date: July 28, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Free Trade Agreements and the WTO Exceptions

Free Trade Agreements and the WTO Exceptions

Date: September 22, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J. & Tatelman, Todd B.
Description: World Trade Organization (WTO) Members must grant immediate and unconditional most-favored-nation (MFN) treatment to the products of other Members with respect to tariffs and other trade matters. Free trade agreements (FTA) are facially inconsistent with this obligation because they grant countries who are party to the agreement the ability to receive more favorable trade benefits than those extended to other trading partners. Due to the prevailing view that such arrangements are trade enhancing, Article XXIV of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) contains a specific exception for FTAs. The growing number of regional trade agreements, however, has made it difficult for the WTO to efficiently monitor the consistency of FTAs with the provided exemption. This report examines this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1996-2003

Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1996-2003

Date: August 26, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report is prepared annually to provide unclassified quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years. Some general data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. The data in the report illustrate how global patterns of conventional arms transfers have changed in the post-Cold War and post-Persian Gulf War years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Arms Sales: Agreements with and Deliveries to Major Clients, 1996-2003

U.S. Arms Sales: Agreements with and Deliveries to Major Clients, 1996-2003

Date: December 8, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The African Cotton Initiative and WTO Agriculture Negotiations

The African Cotton Initiative and WTO Agriculture Negotiations

Date: January 16, 2004
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses the African cotton initiative, over which disagreement has blocked progress on an agreement on agriculture in the current round of multilateral trade negotiations known as the Doha Development Agenda (DDA). In World Trade Organization (WTO) Negotiations on agriculture, a group of African countries have proposed that all subsidies for cotton be eliminated by the end of four years. The proposal also advocates compensating African cotton producing countries for revenues estimated to be lost due to cotton subsidies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: August 23, 2004
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2004, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: June 16, 2004
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2004, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Free Trade Area of the Americas: Status of Negotiations and Major Policy Issues

A Free Trade Area of the Americas: Status of Negotiations and Major Policy Issues

Date: March 12, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: In 1994, 34 Western Hemisphere nations met at the first Summit of the Americas, envisioning a plan for a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) by January 2005. Nine years later, the third draft text of the agreement was presented at the Miami trade ministerial held November 20-21, 2003. Deep differences remain unresolved, however, and, as reflected in the Ministerial Declaration, have taken the FTAA in a new direction. It calls for a two-tier framework comprising a set of “common rights and obligations” for all countries, augmented by voluntary plurilateral arrangements with country benefits related to commitments. A follow-up meeting in Puebla, Mexico was unable to clarify the details of this arrangement and negotiations will continue in late April 2004, when it is hoped that specific commitments will be defined. This report provides background and analysis for Congress on the proposed FTAA and will be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA at Ten: Lessons from Recent Studies

NAFTA at Ten: Lessons from Recent Studies

Date: February 13, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report provides an analytical summary of the economic lessons reached in support of Congress's role in the trade policy process. On January 1, 2004, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) completed its tenth year and most of its provisions are now implemented. NAFTA is a free trade agreement (FTA) that effectively added Mexico to the U.S.-Canada FTA completed in 1989. Its anniversary has sparked numerous evaluations, which are particularly relevant as the United States pursues free trade agreements with multiple Latin American countries. Most studies found that NAFTA's effects on the U.S. and Mexican economies to be modest at most.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed U.S.-Panama Free Trade Agreement

The Proposed U.S.-Panama Free Trade Agreement

Date: August 23, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration

The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration

Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Trade with the World: Data and Analysis

Iraq's Trade with the World: Data and Analysis

Date: September 23, 2004
Creator: Jones, Vivian C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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