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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: August 23, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: March 26, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Trade with the United States and the World

China's Trade with the United States and the World

Date: November 19, 2004
Creator: Lum, Thomas & Nanto, Dick K
Description: This report provides a quantitative framework for policy considerations dealing with U.S. trade with China. It provides basic data and analysis of China’s international trade with the United States and other countries. Since Chinese data differ considerably from those of its trading partners (because of how entrepot trade through Hong Kong is counted), data from both PRC sources and those of its trading partners are presented. Charts showing import trends by sector for the United States highlight China’s growing market shares in many industries and also show import shares for Japan, Canada, Mexico, the European Union, and the Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN ).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress

Date: October 12, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade and the Americas

Trade and the Americas

Date: October 19, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Free Trade Area of the Americas: Status of Negotiations and Major Policy Issues

A Free Trade Area of the Americas: Status of Negotiations and Major Policy Issues

Date: March 12, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: In 1994, 34 Western Hemisphere nations met at the first Summit of the Americas, envisioning a plan for a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) by January 2005. Nine years later, the third draft text of the agreement was presented at the Miami trade ministerial held November 20-21, 2003. Deep differences remain unresolved, however, and, as reflected in the Ministerial Declaration, have taken the FTAA in a new direction. It calls for a two-tier framework comprising a set of “common rights and obligations” for all countries, augmented by voluntary plurilateral arrangements with country benefits related to commitments. A follow-up meeting in Puebla, Mexico was unable to clarify the details of this arrangement and negotiations will continue in late April 2004, when it is hoped that specific commitments will be defined. This report provides background and analysis for Congress on the proposed FTAA and will be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Date: July 28, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changing Causes of the U.S. Trade Deficit

Changing Causes of the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: October 12, 2004
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: The nation’s trade deficit is equal to the imbalance between national investment and national saving. The borrowing needs of the U.S. private sector declined, the public sector borrowing needs increased, and a stable U.S. national saving investment gap continued to be filled by foreign lending as a result. This is largely the result of a few Asian countries purchasing U.S. assets to mitigate or prevent their currencies from appreciating against the dollar.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

Date: September 1, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report examines Thailand’s economy and trade orientation, the scope and significance of the U.S.-Thai commercial relationship, and the likely top issues in the negotiations. The report concludes with a short summary of the Congressional role and interest in the FTA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Date: December 16, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Sek, Lenore M.
Description: This report discusses trade issues in the 109th Congress. For over 50 years, U.S. trade officials have negotiated multilateral trade agreements to achieve lower trade barriers and rules to cover international trade. During the 108th Congress, U.S. officials negotiated and Congress approved four bilateral free-trade agreements with Australia, Chile, Morocco, and Singapore.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Trade Organization Negotiations: The Doha Development Agenda

World Trade Organization Negotiations: The Doha Development Agenda

Date: August 6, 2004
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: On November 9-14, 2001, trade ministers from WTO countries met in Doha, Qatar for their fourth Ministerial Conference. At that meeting, they agreed to a work program for a new round of multilateral trade negotiations to conclude by January 1, 2005. The work program folds on-going negotiations on agriculture and services into a broader agenda that includes industrial tariffs, topics of interest to developing countries, changes in WTO rules, and other provisions. Because of the influence that developing countries had in setting the work program, the round has become known as the Doha Development Agenda. Agriculture has been the linchpin in the Doha Development Agenda. U.S. goals were substantial reduction of trade-distorting domestic support; elimination of export subsidies, and improved market access. Industrial trade barriers and services are other market access topics in the negotiations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

Date: August 18, 2004
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Lum, Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

Date: November 24, 2004
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Lum, Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives

NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives

Date: March 23, 2004
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives

NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives

Date: September 28, 2004
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Trade Deficit: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

The U.S. Trade Deficit: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Date: August 12, 2004
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: August 23, 2004
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2004, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: June 16, 2004
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2004, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dumping of Exports and Antidumping Duties: Implications for the U.S. Economy

Dumping of Exports and Antidumping Duties: Implications for the U.S. Economy

Date: November 23, 2004
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: Dumping in the United States is the selling of a product by a foreign producer at a price that is below the product’s sale price in the country of origin, or at a price that is lower than the cost of production. Under U.S. law such an action is considered an unfair trade practice. If that action is found to cause “material injury” to a competing domestic industry, an antidumping duty equal to the “dumping margin” will be levied against the foreign good.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Free Trade Agreements and the WTO Exceptions

Free Trade Agreements and the WTO Exceptions

Date: September 22, 2004
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J. & Tatelman, Todd B.
Description: World Trade Organization (WTO) Members must grant immediate and unconditional most-favored-nation (MFN) treatment to the products of other Members with respect to tariffs and other trade matters. Free trade agreements (FTA) are facially inconsistent with this obligation because they grant countries who are party to the agreement the ability to receive more favorable trade benefits than those extended to other trading partners. Due to the prevailing view that such arrangements are trade enhancing, Article XXIV of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) contains a specific exception for FTAs. The growing number of regional trade agreements, however, has made it difficult for the WTO to efficiently monitor the consistency of FTAs with the provided exemption. This report examines this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade: Key Issues for the 109th Congress

Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade: Key Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: December 27, 2004
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce & Veillette, Connie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Implementation: the Future of Commercial Trucking Across the Mexican Border

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Implementation: the Future of Commercial Trucking Across the Mexican Border

Date: September 22, 2004
Creator: Kirk, Robert S & Frittelli, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cotton Production and Support in the United States

Cotton Production and Support in the United States

Date: June 24, 2004
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: This report explains the various cotton subsidy programs and provides quantitative data on market revenues, production costs, and the size of the subsidies. Also, it characterizes the relative position of the United States vis-a-vis other countries as a producer, exporter and importer of cotton. The purpose of this examination is to provide U.S. policy makers with a complete overview of U.S. cotton production and the federal programs that support that production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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