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 Country: China
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Increased U.S. Military Sales to China: Arguments and Alternatives

Increased U.S. Military Sales to China: Arguments and Alternatives

Date: May 20, 1981
Creator: Sutter, Robert G
Description: The report examines the current debate in the United States over proposals for increased U.S. military sales to China. The study first examines the background of U.S.-China security ties since the Nixon Administration, and then sets forth the parameters of the current debate by noting a number of issues concerning U.S. military transfers to China on which all sides generally agree. It shows that Americans familiar with the issue tend to identify with different groups of opinion or "schools of thought" on the question of U.S. military transfers to China, and provides a detailed pro-con analysis of the issue. It concludes by noting cross pressures that are likely to greet U.S. policy makers as they grapple with this issue in the months ahead and offers an assessment of four policy options of possible use by U.S. policymakers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade

China-U.S. Trade

Date: November 19, 1981
Creator: Holliday, George D & Hardt, John P
Description: The improved political relationship between the United States and the People's Republic of China (P.R.C.), initiated by the Nixon Administration and furthered by the Carter Administration's decision to establish diplomatic relations, has spurred a rapid increase in Sino-U.S. trade. While still small relative to overall U.S. foreign trade, the volume of trade represents an abrupt shift from the no-trade policy that had been pursued since 1950. Despite the rapid expansion, outstanding issues remain as serious barriers to normalized trade. Resolution of those issues may require concession or accommodations by the Chinese leadership as well as action by both the U.S. Congress and the Executive Branch. However, the development of a new approach to foreign economic relations by the post-Mao Chinese leadership and the establishment of diplomatic relations have laid the ground work for a further expansion of commercial relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat Exports

China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat Exports

Date: June 1, 1993
Creator: Ek, Carl & Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
APEC - Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation: Free Trade and Other Issues

APEC - Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation: Free Trade and Other Issues

Date: November 10, 1993
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: As a result of an initiative by Australia in 1989, the United States joined with eleven other Asia/Pacific nations in creating APEC, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation organization. This report discusses the annual Ministerial Meeting of APEC in Seattle, held from November 17 - 19, 1993.
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China: Current U.S. Sanctions

China: Current U.S. Sanctions

Date: February 8, 1994
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat Exports

China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat Exports

Date: May 24, 1994
Creator: Ek, Carl & Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Granting Most-Favored-Nation Status to China as a Market Economy Country

Granting Most-Favored-Nation Status to China as a Market Economy Country

Date: June 15, 1994
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: July 28, 1994
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
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China's MFN Status: Implications of the 1994 Decision

China's MFN Status: Implications of the 1994 Decision

Date: August 15, 1994
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current U.S. Sanctions Against China

Current U.S. Sanctions Against China

Date: August 15, 1994
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: In the months following China's 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown, both the President and the Congress took a number of initiatives protesting Beijing's actions. These initiatives centered around U.S. concerns related to trade, human rights, and non-proliferation. In intervening years, the United States has periodically imposed, lifted, or waived other sanctions and concluded several trade-related agreements with China relating to these concerns. Those measures that remain in place in 1994 are detailed in the accompanying tables.
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China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: February 6, 1995
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR.
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The China-U.S. Trade Agreement on Intellectual Property Rights: Implications for China-U.S. Trade Relations

The China-U.S. Trade Agreement on Intellectual Property Rights: Implications for China-U.S. Trade Relations

Date: April 5, 1995
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: May 26, 1995
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
APEC and Free Trade in the Asia Pacific

APEC and Free Trade in the Asia Pacific

Date: November 14, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report discusses the summit held by President Bill Clinton and other leaders of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) on November 19, 1995. The report discusses the primary reason for the summit, an Action Agenda intended to lead to free and open trade and investment among its members. The report also discusses how APEC countries were divided on certain issues going into this summit.
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China, Congress, and Sanctions - Findings of a Workshop-Seminar

China, Congress, and Sanctions - Findings of a Workshop-Seminar

Date: April 17, 1996
Creator: Sutter, Robert G & Rennack, Dianne E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The China-U.S. Intellectual Property Rights Dispute: Background and Implications for China-U.S. Economic Relations

The China-U.S. Intellectual Property Rights Dispute: Background and Implications for China-U.S. Economic Relations

Date: May 24, 1996
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Procedure for Disapproving the Renewal of China's Most-Favored-Nation Status

Legislative Procedure for Disapproving the Renewal of China's Most-Favored-Nation Status

Date: May 31, 1996
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat, Corn, and Soybean Exports

China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat, Corn, and Soybean Exports

Date: June 4, 1996
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S.-Taiwan Economic Relations

China-U.S.-Taiwan Economic Relations

Date: June 11, 1996
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
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China: U.S. Economic Sanctions

China: U.S. Economic Sanctions

Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E
Description: This report presents a history of U.S. economic sanctions imposed against the People's Republic of China for foreign policy reasons since 1949. It highlights sanctions that are currently active and details occasions on which those restrictions have been modified, waived or permanently lifted. The report provides citations for Presidential authority in current law and the Administration's issuance of regulations and administrative orders.
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Transfer of Missile and Satellite Technology to China: A Summary of H.Res. 463 Authorizing a House Select Committee

Transfer of Missile and Satellite Technology to China: A Summary of H.Res. 463 Authorizing a House Select Committee

Date: June 24, 1998
Creator: Stathis, Stephen W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers from U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Background and Chronology

China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers from U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Background and Chronology

Date: August 13, 1998
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Members of Congress are concerned about whether U.S. firms have provided technology or expertise to China for use in its ballistic missile program and whether a series of decisions by the Clinton Administration on satellite exports have facilitated legal or illegal transfers of missile-related technology to China. The New York Times reported in April 1998 that the Justice Department is conducting an ongoing criminal investigation into whether Loral Space and Communications (of New York), and Hughes Electronics (of Los Angeles) violated export control laws. The firms are alleged to have shared their findings with China on the cause of a Chinese rocket’s explosion while launching a U.S.-origin satellite in February 1996. In sharing their conclusions, the companies are said to have provided expertise that China could use to improve its ballistic missiles, including their guidance systems. This CRS report provides detailed background information, significant Congressional action, and a comprehensive chronology. The events summarized here, based on various open sources and interviews, pertain to various aspects of U.S. foreign and security policy.
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China's Accession to the World Trade Organization: Legal Issues

China's Accession to the World Trade Organization: Legal Issues

Date: June 2, 2000
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: The People's Republic of China (PRC) applied to resume membership in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1986 and continues to negotiate its accession to GATT's successor, the World Trade Organization (WTO). A country may join the WTO on terms agreed by the applicant and WTO Members if two-thirds of Members approve the country's accession agreement. A Member may "opt out" of WTO relations with another country by invoking Article XIII of the WTO Agreement, its "non-application" clause. The United States and the PRC agreed to bilateral terms for the PRC's accession in November 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Date: October 13, 2000
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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