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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report reviews the current state of agricultural trade between the United States and Cuba, identifies key impediments to expanding bilateral trade in agricultural products and key provisions in the law to which these obstacles are anchored. It also summarizes several of the bills introduced in the 114th Congress that propose to remove specific restrictions that impede trade in agricultural goods or that seek to lift the embargo on Cuba entirely.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report reviews the current state of agricultural trade between the United States and Cuba, identifies key impediments to expanding bilateral trade in agricultural products and key provisions in the law to which these obstacles are anchored. It also summarizes several of the bills introduced in the 114th Congress that propose to remove specific restrictions that impede trade in agricultural goods or that seek to lift the embargo on Cuba entirely.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emerging Markets: Is Slower Growth Temporary?

Emerging Markets: Is Slower Growth Temporary?

Date: September 29, 2015
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the growing vulnerabilities Emerging market (EM) countries are facing due to declining global trade, depreciating currencies, sharply lower commodity prices, volatile equity markets, and deeper economic reforms.
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U.S. Trade in Services: Trends and Policy Issues

U.S. Trade in Services: Trends and Policy Issues

Date: September 22, 2015
Creator: Fefer, Rachel F.
Description: This report provides background information and analysis on U.S. international trade in services. It analyzes policy issues before the United States, especially relating to negotiating international disciplines on trade in services and dealing complexities in measuring trade in services. The report also examines emerging issues and current negotiations.
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Powering Africa: Challenges of and U.S. Aid for Electrification in Africa

Powering Africa: Challenges of and U.S. Aid for Electrification in Africa

Date: September 14, 2015
Creator: Cook, Nicolas; Campbell, Richard J.; Brown, Phillip & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the Power Africa initiative; policy problems and challenges related to power sector development in Africa; long-term perspectives on energy poverty, need, and future development; and raises some possible oversight questions and issues for Congress.
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The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: September 14, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic landscape of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and its relationship with the U.S. The UAE has been a significant U.S. partner in Gulf security for more than two decades, and the alliance has deepened further in recent years in order to address multiple regional threats.
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The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: September 14, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses various issues regarding politics and government, foreign policy, and counter-terrorism in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The UAE has been a significant U.S. partner in Gulf security for more than two decades, and the alliance has deepened further in recent years in order to address multiple regional threats.
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China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

Date: September 11, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides background on China's economic rise; describes its current economic structure; identifies the challenges China faces to maintain economic growth; and discusses the challenges, opportunities, and implications of China's economic rise.
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Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations

Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the current state of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, its relationship with the United States, and future initiatives to further develop U.S.-Saudi relations. The kingdom of Saudi Arabia, ruled by the Al Saud family since its founding in 1932, wields significant global political and economic influence. Close U.S.-Saudi official relations have survived a series of challenges since the 1940s, and, in recent years, shared concerns over Sunni Islamist extremist terrorism and Iranian regional ambitions have provided a renewed logic for continued strategic cooperation.
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The International Labor Organization (ILO): Background in Brief

The International Labor Organization (ILO): Background in Brief

Date: August 27, 2015
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report discusses the International Labor Organization (ILO), and describes the ILO's mission, structure, and functions; presents case studies on how the ILO offers assistance to countries in promoting worker rights; and identifies issues for Congress.
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Softwood Lumber Imports From Canada: Current Issues

Softwood Lumber Imports From Canada: Current Issues

Date: August 27, 2015
Creator: Hoover, Katie & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report examines the status and current issues surrounding Canadian softwood lumber imports since 2006. After providing background information on what constitutes softwood lumber, the stakeholders in the dispute, and the history of the dispute, the report introduces the 2006 SLA and analyzes its impacts on the U.S. lumber industry as well as on the trade relationship between the United States and Canada. Finally, the report discusses the potential issues Congress may consider when the agreement expires in 2015.
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Brazil: Background and U.S. Relations

Brazil: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic situation in Brazil, and examines the U.S.'s commercial relationship with the country. The United States traditionally has enjoyed robust economic and political relations with Brazil, which is the seventh-largest economy in the world and is recognized by the Obama Administration as a "major global player" and an "indispensable partner" on issues ranging from international development to climate change.
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Generalized System of Preferences: Background and Renewal Debate

Generalized System of Preferences: Background and Renewal Debate

Date: August 17, 2015
Creator: Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report presents recent developments and a brief history of the U.S. Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), which provides non-reciprocal, duty-free tariff treatment to certain products imported from designated beneficiary developing countries (BDCs). It discusses the economic rationale and legal background leading to the establishment of the GSP and the U.S. implementation of the GSP. The report also presents an analysis of the U.S. program's effectiveness and the positions of various stakeholders, as well as the implications of the expiration of the U.S. program and possible options for Congress.
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Iran, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Iran, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: August 14, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses issues regarding Iran's political history and structure. It also takes a look at economic and defense policy responses for Congress, specifically focusing on Iran's nuclear capabilities.
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U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 3, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.; Bolle, Mary Jane; Jackson, James K.; Jones, Vivian C.; Villarreal, M. A. & Meza, Candy
Description: This report discusses trade issues relevant to Congress. It is divided into four sections in a question-and-answer format: trade concepts; U.S. trade performance; formulation of U.S. trade policy; and trade and investment issues.
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Expansion of WTO Information Technology Agreement Targets December Conclusion

Expansion of WTO Information Technology Agreement Targets December Conclusion

Date: July 28, 2015
Creator: Fefer, Rachel F.
Description: This report discusses the World Trade Organization (WTO) expansion and agreement to expand the Information Technology Agreement (ITA) and eliminate tariffs on 201 goods not included in the original 1996 ITA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

Date: July 23, 2015
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report reviews the current state of agricultural trade between the United States and Cuba. It identifies key impediments to expanding bilateral trade in agricultural products and key provisions in the law to which these obstacles are anchored, and also considers the potential consequences for trade in agricultural goods if bilateral trade were returned to a more normal footing. It also summarizes several of the bills introduced in the 114th Congress that propose to remove specific restrictions that impede trade in agricultural goods or that seek to lift the embargo on Cuba entirely.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: July 17, 2015
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
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U.S.-Taiwan Trade Relations

U.S.-Taiwan Trade Relations

Date: July 14, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. - Taiwan relations. U.S. trade data indicate that in 2014, Taiwan was the United States’ 10th largest merchandise trading partner (at $67.4 billion), 14th largest export market ($26.8 billion), and 12th largest source of imports ($40.6 billion).
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Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 2, 2015
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: The issue of TPA reauthorization raises a number of questions regarding TPA itself and the pending legislation. This report addresses a number of those questions that are frequently asked, including the following: What is trade promotion authority? Is TPA necessary? What are trade negotiating objectives and how are they reflected in TPA statutes? What requirements does Congress impose on the President under TPA? Does TPA affect congressional authority on trade policy?
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Ex-Im Bank's General Statutory Authority Expires

Ex-Im Bank's General Statutory Authority Expires

Date: July 1, 2015
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report discusses the Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank), a wholly owned federal government corporation which seeks to provide direct loans, loan guarantees, and export credit insurance to: (1) support exports that the private sector is unwilling or unable to finance alone at commercially viable terms; and/or (2) counter government-backed financing offered by foreign countries through their export credit agency (ECA).
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Economic Crisis in Greece

Economic Crisis in Greece

Date: June 29, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the current economic situation in Greece. Questions about whether Greece will stay in the Eurozone have resurfaced, as the government's stalemate with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Eurozone creditors has reached a critical point.
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The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: June 24, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the open economy and society of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), provides a general description of the UAE's government and political structure, and outlines the effects of the recent global economic downturn on the UAE in general and on the city of Dubai in particular. It also describes U.S. concern over the proliferation of advanced technology in relation to a recently-signed U.S.-UAE civilian nuclear agreement, due to the UAE economy and the UAE's lax export controls.
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Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) and the Role of Congress in Trade Policy

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) and the Role of Congress in Trade Policy

Date: June 15, 2015
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report presents background and analysis on the development of Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), which expired on July 1, 2007. The report also includes a summary of the major provisions under the recently expired authority and a discussion of the issues that have arisen in the debate over TPA renewal, as well as policy options available to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department