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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Date: August 1, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the idea that all Americans should be able to afford access to the telecommunications network; this is commonly called the "universal service concept" and can trace its origins back to the 1934 Communications Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Date: April 11, 2011
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the idea that all Americans should be able to afford access to the telecommunications network; this is commonly called the “universal service concept” and can trace its origins back to the 1934 Communications Act. The current policy debate has focused on five concerns: the scope of the program; who should contribute and what methodology should be used to fund the program; eligibility criteria for benefits; concerns over possible program fraud, waste, and abuse; and the impact of the Antideficiency Act (ADA) on the USF.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rural Broadband: The Roles of the Rural Utilities Service and the Universal Service Fund

Rural Broadband: The Roles of the Rural Utilities Service and the Universal Service Fund

Date: May 9, 2012
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A. & Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses Rural Utilities Service (RUS) Broadband and Telecommunications Programs. Since the initial deployment of broadband in the late 1990s, Congress has viewed broadband infrastructure deployment as a means towards improving regional economic development, and in the long term, to create jobs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Net Neutrality: Background and Issues

Net Neutrality: Background and Issues

Date: September 16, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele E.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Networking and Constituent Communications: Member Use of Twitter During a Two-Month Period in the 111th Congress

Social Networking and Constituent Communications: Member Use of Twitter During a Two-Month Period in the 111th Congress

Date: February 3, 2010
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.; Straus, Jacob R. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Description: This report examines Twitter usage by Members of Congress during August and September 2009. It includes background about Twitter and data analysis of Member registration, usage, tweets, and followers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Networking and Constituent Communication: Member Use of Twitter During a Two-Week Period in the 111th Congress

Social Networking and Constituent Communication: Member Use of Twitter During a Two-Week Period in the 111th Congress

Date: September 21, 2009
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric; Straus, Jacob R. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Description: This report examines Member use of one specific new electronic communication medium: Twitter. After providing an overview and background of Twitter, the report analyzes patterns of Member use of Twitter during two one-week periods in July and August 2009. This report is inherently a snapshot in time of a dynamic process. As with any new technology, the number of Members using Twitter and the patterns of use may change rapidly in short periods of time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bundling Residential Telephone, Internet, and Video Services: Issues for Congress

Bundling Residential Telephone, Internet, and Video Services: Issues for Congress

Date: February 17, 2004
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B
Description: This report discusses bundling and public policy issues for Congress. The federal Universal Service Fund - the federal subsidy program that assures affordable telephone rates for high-cost (rural) and low-income telephone customers as well as for schools, libraries, and rural health facilities - is supported by an assessment on interstate telecommunications revenues only. But it is difficult to identify the portion of revenues generated by a bundled service offering attributable to the interstate telecommunications portion of that bundle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cable and Satellite Television Network Tiering and a la Carte Options for Consumers: Issues for Congress

Cable and Satellite Television Network Tiering and a la Carte Options for Consumers: Issues for Congress

Date: June 9, 2004
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B
Description: The large cable programmers, who provide most of the popular cable (and broadcast) television programming, respond that a single large expanded basic service tier represents the most efficient way to offer programming and that allowing customers to obtain networks on an a la carte basis or in small tiers would raise costs – and hence prices to consumers – and also reduce the diversity of programs offered, so that consumer welfare would suffer in the long run. In this report, the pros and cons of offering subscribers only a single large expanded basic service tier and also of the various proposals to provide consumers more options are presented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

Date: September 17, 2003
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department