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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Net Neutrality: Background and Issues

Net Neutrality: Background and Issues

Date: September 16, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele E.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is Broadband Deployment Reasonable and Timely?

Is Broadband Deployment Reasonable and Timely?

Date: February 6, 2016
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report briefly discusses the state of broadband Internet in America as determined by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in its latest Broadband Progress Report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The “E-Rate” Program and Controversies

Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The “E-Rate” Program and Controversies

Date: July 28, 2005
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report addresses the controversial issues surrounding the E-rate program’s implementation and subsequent legislative measures introduced to address these issues. An additional issue, concern that minors may gain access to “inappropriate” material through the Internet has also had an impact on the E-rate program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telemarketing Regulation: National and State Do Not Call Registries

Telemarketing Regulation: National and State Do Not Call Registries

Date: April 1, 2016
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: This report will outline the laws underpinning the National Do Not Call List; describe the regulations implementing the list; answer some of the most frequently asked questions related to the list; and discuss the possible penalties for violating the rules. The report will also briefly discuss some of the ways the various states have implemented their own do not call lists.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charter-Time Warner Cable-Bright House Networks Mergers: Overview and Issues

Charter-Time Warner Cable-Bright House Networks Mergers: Overview and Issues

Date: July 24, 2015
Creator: Scherer, Dana A.
Description: The combination of Charter, Time Warner Cable Inc. (TWC), and Bright House Networks (BHN) would create a single entity providing cable television and broadband access service to 23.9 million customers in 41 states, making it the nation’s second-largest cable television operator and broadband access provider. At the federal level, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) must approve the transactions before they can close.This report describes recent trends in the television industry, the events leading up to the proposed transactions, and the criteria and process of regulatory review.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA): Issues for the 113th Congress

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA): Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: January 23, 2014
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report examines the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), which is is the executive branch's principal advisory office on domestic and international telecommunications and information policies. The report specifically focuses on the new responsibilities granted to the NTIA under the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-96).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spectrum Policy in the Age of Broadband: Issues for Congress

Spectrum Policy in the Age of Broadband: Issues for Congress

Date: March 14, 2013
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses some of the commercial and federal radio frequency spectrum policy changes required by the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012. It also summarizes new policy directions for spectrum management under consideration in the 112th Congress, such as the encouragement of new technologies that use spectrum more efficiently.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Telephone and Telegraph Divestiture: Background, Provisions, and Restructuring

The American Telephone and Telegraph Divestiture: Background, Provisions, and Restructuring

Date: April 11, 1984
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: On January 1, 1984, The American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) divested itself of a major portion of its organizational structure and functions. Under the post-divestiture environment the once fully-integrated Bell System is now reorganized into the "new" AT&T and seven Ladependent regional holding companies -- American Information Technologies Corp., 3ell Atlantic Corp., 3ell- South Corp., NYNEX Corp., Pacific Telesis Group., Southwestern Bell Corp., and U.S. West, Inc. The following analysis provides an overview of the pre- and post-divestiture organizational structure and details the evolution of the antitrust action which resulted in this divestiture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telecommunications Services Trade and the WTO Agreement

Telecommunications Services Trade and the WTO Agreement

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telecommunications Services Trade and the WTO Agreement

Telecommunications Services Trade and the WTO Agreement

Date: December 23, 2002
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reauthorizing the Satellite Home Viewing Provisions in the Communications Act and the Copyright Act: Issues for Congress

Reauthorizing the Satellite Home Viewing Provisions in the Communications Act and the Copyright Act: Issues for Congress

Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: This report discusses the regulatory framework for the retransmission of broadcast television signals by satellite television operators,the Satellite Home Viewer Act of 1994, the 1999 Satellite Home Viewer Improvement Act (SHVIA), and the 2004 Satellite Home Viewer Extension and Reauthorization Act (SHVERA)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FCC's "a la Carte" Reports

The FCC's "a la Carte" Reports

Date: March 30, 2006
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B
Description: The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has released two reports on a la carte pricing of cable television networks that reach contradictory conclusions. The purpose of this report is to explain how these two reports reached differing conclusions and to analyze the different assumptions and calculations used in each.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FCC's "a la Carte" Reports

The FCC's "a la Carte" Reports

Date: March 30, 2006
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B
Description: The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has released two reports on a la carte pricing of cable television networks that reach contradictory conclusions. The purpose of this report is to explain how these two reports reached differing conclusions and to analyze the different assumptions and calculations used in each.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybercrime: The Council of Europe Convention

Cybercrime: The Council of Europe Convention

Date: December 1, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report discusses the Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime of November 2001, which includes forty-two countries and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FCC Media Ownership Rules: Current Status and Issues for Congress

FCC Media Ownership Rules: Current Status and Issues for Congress

Date: August 23, 2004
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: The Federal Communications Commission (“FCC” or “Commission”) adopted an order on June 2, 2003 that modified five of its media ownership rules and retained two others. The new rules have never gone into effect. Congress passed the FY2004 Consolidated Appropriations Act (P.L. 108-199), Sec. 629 of which instructs the FCC to modify one of the rules — the National Television Ownership rule. This report examines these rules and relevant policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Date: December 23, 2013
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012. The act established a process for television broadcasters to release spectrum licensed to them for auction as commercial licenses. The act also included provisions to apply future spectrum license auction revenues toward deficit reduction; to establish a planning and governance structure to deploy public safety broadband networks, using some auction proceeds for that purpose; and to assign additional spectrum resources for public safety communications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Date: May 22, 2014
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the Spectrum Act, a provision of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012. It includes an overview of the Spectrum Act, the specific policy revisions (deficit reduction, directed auctions, incentive auctions, federal spectrum use and reallocation, and unlicensed spectrum) and a conclusion discussing geographic coverage of spectrum licenses, spectrum caps, and planning for future needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Date: August 7, 2014
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the Spectrum Act, a provision of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012. It includes an overview of the Spectrum Act, the specific policy revisions (deficit reduction, directed auctions, incentive auctions, federal spectrum use and reallocation, and unlicensed spectrum) and a conclusion discussing geographic coverage of spectrum licenses, spectrum caps, and planning for future needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Date: March 12, 2014
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the Spectrum Act, a provision of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012. It includes an overview of the Spectrum Act, the specific policy revisions (deficit reduction, directed auctions, incentive auctions, federal spectrum use and reallocation, and unlicensed spectrum) and a conclusion discussing geographic coverage of spectrum licenses, spectrum caps, and planning for future needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Spectrum Policy: Provisions in the 2012 Spectrum Act

Date: February 5, 2015
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the Spectrum Act, a provision of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012. It includes an overview of the Spectrum Act, the specific policy revisions (deficit reduction, directed auctions, incentive auctions, federal spectrum use and reallocation, and unlicensed spectrum) and a conclusion discussing geographic coverage of spectrum licenses, spectrum caps, and planning for future needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Text and Multimedia Messaging: Emerging Issues for Congress

Text and Multimedia Messaging: Emerging Issues for Congress

Date: October 22, 2009
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report covers issues for Congress regarding text and multimedia messaging. The increasing use of text and multimedia messaging has raised several policy issue, such as distracted driving, SMS spam, the inability of consumers to disable text messaging, text messaging price fixing, carrier blocking of common short code messages, deceptive and misleading common short code programs, protecting children from inappropriate content on wireless devices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Digital TV Transition: A Brief Overview

The Digital TV Transition: A Brief Overview

Date: August 12, 2005
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G & Moore, Linda K
Description: Congressional policymakers are seeking a way to accelerate the nation’s transition to digital television and to expedite the transfer of radio frequency channels from the broadcast industry to public safety and commercial users no later than 2009. Broadcasters are holding spectrum in the 700MHz band (channels 52-69) that they would be required to relinquish after the transition to digital television (DTV) is achieved. Without a hard deadline, the transition to digital television has been postponed. Meanwhile, public safety officials want 700 MHz spectrum that has been assigned to them, but not delivered, in order to build new interoperable networks, while the commercial wireless industry would like access to the spectrum for new services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Digital Television: An Overview

Digital Television: An Overview

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: Digital television (DTV) is a new television service representing the most significant development in television technology since the advent of color television in the 1950s. DTV can provide sharper pictures, a wider screen, CD-quality sound, better color rendition, and other new services currently being developed. A successful deployment of DTV requires: the development by content providers of compelling digital programming; the delivery of digital signals to consumers by broadcast television stations, as well as cable and satellite television systems; and the widespread purchase and adoption by consumers of digital television equipment. A key issue in the Congressional debate over the digital transition has been addressing the millions of American over-the-air households whose existing analog televisions will require converter boxes in order to receive digital signals when the analog signal is turned off.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Digital Television: An Overview

Digital Television: An Overview

Date: June 22, 2005
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G
Description: Digital television (DTV) is a new television service representing the most significant development in television technology since the advent of color television in the 1950s. DTV can provide sharper pictures, a wider screen, CD-quality sound, better color rendition, and other new services currently being developed. A successful deployment of DTV requires: the development by content providers of compelling digital programming; the delivery of digital signals to consumers by broadcast television stations, as well as cable and satellite television systems; and the widespread purchase and adoption by consumers of digital television equipment. A key issue in the Congressional debate over the digital transition has been addressing the millions of American over-the-air households whose existing analog televisions will require converter boxes in order to receive digital signals when the analog signal is turned off.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department