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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Radio Free Asia
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs464/
V-Chip and TV Ratings: Helping Parents Supervise Their Children's Television Viewing
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs809/
Radiofrequency Spectrum Management
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs808/
The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
Passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-104) codified the long standing policy commitment to ensure universal service in the provision of telecommunications services. The 1996 Act also expanded the concept to include, among other principles, that elementary schools and classrooms, and libraries should have access to telecommunications services for educational purposes at discounted rates. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) was tasked with implementing the universal provisions of the Act and on May 7, 1997, adopted its order detailing its guidelines. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1326/
Telephone Excise Tax
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1314/
The Federal Excise Tax on Telephone Service: A History
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1952/
E-Rate for Schools: Background on Telecommunications Discounts Through the Universal Service Fund
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1982/
Low Power FM Radio Service: Regulatory and Congressional Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1984/
Telecommunications Services Trade and the WTO Agreement
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2021/
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1983/
Third Generation ("3G") Mobile Wireless Technologies and Services
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1980/
Satellite Television: An Analysis of Legislation Creating Loan Guarantees for Providing Local Broadcast TV Signals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1985/
The Telephone Excise Tax: Revenues, Effects, and Repeal Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1963/
V-Chip and TV Ratings: Helping Parents Supervise Their Children's Television Viewing
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1981/
"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")
Unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), also called “spam” or “junk e-mail,” aggravates many computer users. Not only can it be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique and protected by the First Amendment. Legislation to place limits on UCE was considered by the last two Congresses, but no bill cleared Congress. Several bills have been introduced in the 107th Congress. H.R. 718 was reported from the House Energy and Commerce Committee and the House Judiciary Committee (H. Rept. 107-41, Parts 1 and 2). The two versions are quite different. S. 630 was ordered reported from the Senate Commerce Committee. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3482/
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3488/
Telemarketing: Dealing With Unwanted Telemarketing Calls
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3496/
Telephone Bills: Charges on Local Telephone Bills
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3493/
Digital Television: An Overview
Digital television (DTV) is a new television service representing the most significant development in television technology since the advent of color television in the 1950s. DTV can provide sharper pictures, a wider screen, CD-quality sound, better color rendition, and other new services currently being developed. A successful deployment of DTV requires: the development by content providers of compelling digital programming; the delivery of digital signals to consumers by broadcast television stations, as well as cable and satellite television systems; and the widespread purchase and adoption by consumers of digital television equipment. A key issue in the Congressional debate over the digital transition has been addressing the millions of American over-the-air households whose existing analog televisions will require converter boxes in order to receive digital signals when the analog signal is turned off. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3499/
Satellite Television: Provisions of SHVIA and LOCAL, and Continuing Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3409/
Slamming: The Unauthorized Change of a Consumer's Telephone Service Provider
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3485/
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3489/
Electronic Payments and the U.S. Payments System
This report provides a framework for understanding the paper-based and electronic components of the current U.S. payments system. It begins with a basic overview of the payments system, explaining the relative size and growth of various methods of payment. The report discusses paper-based payments and then examines the operations of wholesale and retail electronic payments. Finally, the report discusses some of the major policy issues concerning the regulation and supervision of electronic payments. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7026/
Electronic Congress: Proposals and Issues
The events of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents have prompted some observers to suggest creating a capability for a virtual or electronic Congress (e-Congress) that could function in the event of an emergency. Currently, it is unclear exactly how an e-Congress would be constituted and operated; however, a proposal (H.R. 3481) has been introduced to require the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to investigate the feasibility and costs of implementing a computer system for remote voting and communication for Congress to ensure business continuity for congressional operations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2307/
Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3417/
Satellite Television: Provisions of SHVIA and LOCAL, and Continuing Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3410/
Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3419/
Slamming: The Unauthorized Change of a Consumer's Telephone Service Provider
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3486/
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3490/
Telephone Bills: Charges on Local Telephone Bills
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3494/
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3491/
Satellite Television: Provisions of SHVIA and LOCAL, and Continuing Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3411/
Digital Television: An Overview
Digital television (DTV) is a new television service representing the most significant development in television technology since the advent of color television in the 1950s. DTV can provide sharper pictures, a wider screen, CD-quality sound, better color rendition, and other new services currently being developed. A successful deployment of DTV requires: the development by content providers of compelling digital programming; the delivery of digital signals to consumers by broadcast television stations, as well as cable and satellite television systems; and the widespread purchase and adoption by consumers of digital television equipment. A key issue in the Congressional debate over the digital transition has been addressing the millions of American over-the-air households whose existing analog televisions will require converter boxes in order to receive digital signals when the analog signal is turned off. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3500/
Telemarketing: Dealing With Unwanted Telemarketing Calls
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3497/
"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")
Unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), also called “spam” or “junk e-mail,” aggravates many computer users. Not only can it be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique and protected by the First Amendment. Legislation to place limits on UCE was considered by the last two Congresses, but no bill cleared Congress. Several bills have been introduced in the 107th Congress. H.R. 718 was reported from the House Energy and Commerce Committee and the House Judiciary Committee (H. Rept. 107-41, Parts 1 and 2). The two versions are quite different. S. 630 was ordered reported from the Senate Commerce Committee. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3483/
Slamming: The Unauthorized Change of a Consumer's Telephone Service Provider
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3487/
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3492/
Satellite Television: Provisions of SHVIA and LOCAL, and Continuing Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3412/
V-Chip and TV Ratings: Helping Parents Supervise Their Children's Television Viewing
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3484/
Homeland Security - Reducing the Vulnerability of Public and Private Information Infrastructures to Terrorism: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3175/
Digital Television: An Overview
Digital television (DTV) is a new television service representing the most significant development in television technology since the advent of color television in the 1950s. DTV can provide sharper pictures, a wider screen, CD-quality sound, better color rendition, and other new services currently being developed. A successful deployment of DTV requires: the development by content providers of compelling digital programming; the delivery of digital signals to consumers by broadcast television stations, as well as cable and satellite television systems; and the widespread purchase and adoption by consumers of digital television equipment. A key issue in the Congressional debate over the digital transition has been addressing the millions of American over-the-air households whose existing analog televisions will require converter boxes in order to receive digital signals when the analog signal is turned off. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3501/
Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3418/
Telephone Bills: Charges on Local Telephone Bills
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3495/
Telecommunications Services Trade and the WTO Agreement
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3554/
Telemarketing: Dealing With Unwanted Telemarketing Calls
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3498/
Slamming: The Unauthorized Change of a Consumer's Telephone Service Provider
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5518/
Electronic Congress: Proposals and Issues
The events of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents have prompted some observers to suggest creating a capability for a virtual or electronic Congress (e-Congress) that could function in the event of an emergency. Currently, it is unclear exactly how an e-Congress would be constituted and operated; however, a proposal (H.R. 3481) has been introduced to require the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to investigate the feasibility and costs of implementing a computer system for remote voting and communication for Congress to ensure business continuity for congressional operations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4039/
Digital Television: An Overview
Digital television (DTV) is a new television service representing the most significant development in television technology since the advent of color television in the 1950s. DTV can provide sharper pictures, a wider screen, CD-quality sound, better color rendition, and other new services currently being developed. A successful deployment of DTV requires: the development by content providers of compelling digital programming; the delivery of digital signals to consumers by broadcast television stations, as well as cable and satellite television systems; and the widespread purchase and adoption by consumers of digital television equipment. A key issue in the Congressional debate over the digital transition has been addressing the millions of American over-the-air households whose existing analog televisions will require converter boxes in order to receive digital signals when the analog signal is turned off. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5534/
Slamming: The Unauthorized Change of a Consumer's Telephone Service Provider
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5519/
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5524/