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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Date: March 9, 2015
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the continued debate amongst congressional policymakers regarding telecommunications reform. A major point of the ongoing discussion is whether action is needed to ensure unfettered access to the Internet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Date: June 1, 2009
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the current debate over "net neutrality." While there is no single accepted definition of "net neutrality," most agree that any such definition should include the general principles that owners of the networks that compose and provide access to the Internet should not control how consumers lawfully use that network, and they should not be able to discriminate against content provider access to that network.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Date: March 15, 2011
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the continued debate amongst congressional policymakers regarding telecommunications reform. A major point of the ongoing discussion is whether action is needed to ensure unfettered access to the Internet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Date: April 25, 2011
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the continued debate amongst congressional policymakers regarding telecommunications reform. A major point of the ongoing discussion is whether action is needed to ensure unfettered access to the Internet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Date: June 12, 2015
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the current debate over "net neutrality." While there is no single accepted definition of "net neutrality," most agree that any such definition should include the general principles that owners of the networks that compose and provide access to the Internet should not control how consumers lawfully use that network, and they should not be able to discriminate against content provider access to that network.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Access to Broadband Networks: The Net Neutrality Debate

Date: October 29, 2009
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the current debate over "net neutrality." While there is no single accepted definition of "net neutrality," most agree that any such definition should include the general principles that owners of the networks that compose and provide access to the Internet should not control how consumers lawfully use that network, and they should not be able to discriminate against content provider access to that network.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Advanced Technology Program

The Advanced Technology Program

Date: July 25, 2003
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discuses the Advanced Technology Program (ATP) that was created by P.L. 100-418, the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, to encourage public-private cooperation in the development of pre-competitive technologies with broad application across industries
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advertising of Alcoholic Beverages: Should a Radio and TV Ban be Imposed?

Advertising of Alcoholic Beverages: Should a Radio and TV Ban be Imposed?

Date: July 26, 1985
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Description: This issue brief discusses the ongoing debate centered around television and radio advertising of alcoholic beverages, especially as it relates to the possible negative influence on the drinking habits of minors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Al-Jazeera News Network: Opportunity or Challenge for U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East?

The Al-Jazeera News Network: Opportunity or Challenge for U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East?

Date: July 23, 2003
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M
Description: This paper provides an overview of Al-Jazeera and explores the debate surrounding its objectivity. This report also analyzes Al-Jazeera’s coverage of events in the Middle East, specifically, its coverage of events in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Israel and the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The final section of this report discusses policy options regarding U.S. public diplomacy efforts in the Middle East region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amber Alert Program Technology

Amber Alert Program Technology

Date: May 18, 2005
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: This report discusses provisions in the National Intelligence Reform Act of 2004 to test Amber Alert network technology for use in expanding the Emergency Alert System (EAS). The Amber Alert network utilizes a combination of technologies, such as highway messages boards, the Internet, and text messaging, to ensure the swift recovery of abducted children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amber Alert Program Technology

Amber Alert Program Technology

Date: September 9, 2009
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses Amber Alerts (also referred to as AMBER plans) which use technology to disseminate information about child abductions in a timely manner. Technologies used for alerts include the Emergency Alert System (EAS), highway messages boards, telephone alert systems, the Internet, text messaging, and email.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Telephone and Telegraph Divestiture: Background, Provisions, and Restructuring

The American Telephone and Telegraph Divestiture: Background, Provisions, and Restructuring

Date: April 11, 1984
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: On January 1, 1984, The American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) divested itself of a major portion of its organizational structure and functions. Under the post-divestiture environment the once fully-integrated Bell System is now reorganized into the "new" AT&T and seven Ladependent regional holding companies -- American Information Technologies Corp., 3ell Atlantic Corp., 3ell- South Corp., NYNEX Corp., Pacific Telesis Group., Southwestern Bell Corp., and U.S. West, Inc. The following analysis provides an overview of the pre- and post-divestiture organizational structure and details the evolution of the antitrust action which resulted in this divestiture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AT and T Divestiture: Restructuring the U.S. Domestic Telephone Industry

AT and T Divestiture: Restructuring the U.S. Domestic Telephone Industry

Date: August 10, 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: On January 8, 1982, the Justice Department and the American Telephone and Telegraph Company announced the settlement of the Government's seven year old antitrust suit against AT&T. Nineteen months later, in August 1983, U.S. District Court Judge Harold Greene gave final approval to the AT& T divestiture agreement. The breakup of AT&T will affect every aspect of the U.S. domestic telephone industry from the yellow pages to the manufacture of telephones. AT&T officially spun off its 22 local operating companies into seven regional phone companies on January 1, 1984. This Info Pack focuses on the Department of Justice settlement with AT&T and how the resulting divestiture will affect the U.S. domestic telephone industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automated Political Telephone Calls ("Robo Calls") in Federal Campaigns: Overview and Policy Options

Automated Political Telephone Calls ("Robo Calls") in Federal Campaigns: Overview and Policy Options

Date: March 22, 2010
Creator: Garrett, R. S. & Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: This report provides an overview of how automated political calls are used in federal campaigns, including attention to recent spending estimates and polling data regarding these calls. The report also discusses legislation that would affect the calls, with descriptions of various policy options and how the options or their regulation may be related to campaign finance law and to the First Amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bundling Residential Telephone, Internet, and Video Services: Issues for Congress

Bundling Residential Telephone, Internet, and Video Services: Issues for Congress

Date: February 17, 2004
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B
Description: This report discusses bundling and public policy issues for Congress. The federal Universal Service Fund - the federal subsidy program that assures affordable telephone rates for high-cost (rural) and low-income telephone customers as well as for schools, libraries, and rural health facilities - is supported by an assessment on interstate telecommunications revenues only. But it is difficult to identify the portion of revenues generated by a bundled service offering attributable to the interstate telecommunications portion of that bundle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cable and Satellite Television Network Tiering and a la Carte Options for Consumers: Issues for Congress

Cable and Satellite Television Network Tiering and a la Carte Options for Consumers: Issues for Congress

Date: June 9, 2004
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B
Description: The large cable programmers, who provide most of the popular cable (and broadcast) television programming, respond that a single large expanded basic service tier represents the most efficient way to offer programming and that allowing customers to obtain networks on an a la carte basis or in small tiers would raise costs – and hence prices to consumers – and also reduce the diversity of programs offered, so that consumer welfare would suffer in the long run. In this report, the pros and cons of offering subscribers only a single large expanded basic service tier and also of the various proposals to provide consumers more options are presented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China/Asia Broadcasting: Proposals for New U.S. Surrogate Services

China/Asia Broadcasting: Proposals for New U.S. Surrogate Services

Date: October 1, 1992
Creator: Hennes, David A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commerical Television Broadcasting: An Economic Analysis of Its Structure and Competitive Alternatives

Commerical Television Broadcasting: An Economic Analysis of Its Structure and Competitive Alternatives

Date: June 30, 1980
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: This report analyzes the economic structure of both the conventional commercial television broadcasting industry as well as the significant commercial competitive alternatives. Federal Communications Commission policies and their effect on the competitive structure and development of the television industry are also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Communications Act Revisions: Selected Issues for Consideration

Communications Act Revisions: Selected Issues for Consideration

Date: September 19, 2005
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: This report provides an overview of selected topics which the 109th Congress may address in its examination of telecommunications issues. The issues included in this report cover: broadband Internet regulation and access; broadcast indecency; digital television transition; Federal Communications Commission structure and reform; intercarrier compensation; media ownership rules; municipal deployment of broadband; public safety communications, the “savings clause” and monopoly issues; spectrum auctions; and universal service fund reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Communications Act Revisions: Selected Issues for Consideration

Communications Act Revisions: Selected Issues for Consideration

Date: January 23, 2006
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: This report provides an overview of selected topics which the 109th Congress may address in its examination of telecommunications issues. The issues included in this report cover: broadband Internet regulation and access; broadcast indecency; digital television transition; Federal Communications Commission structure and reform; intercarrier compensation; media ownership rules; municipal deployment of broadband; public safety communications, the “savings clause” and monopoly issues; spectrum auctions; and universal service fund reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computer Attack and Cyber Terrorism: Vulnerabilities and Policy Issues for Congress

Computer Attack and Cyber Terrorism: Vulnerabilities and Policy Issues for Congress

Date: October 17, 2003
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: This report presents a working definition for the term “cyber terrorism”, plus background information describing how current technology and management processes may leave computers exposed to cyber-attack, and a discussion of possible effects of a cyber-attack. Potential issues for Congress are presented in the second section, including: whether appropriate guidance exists for a DOD information warfare response to a cyber-attack; whether the need to detect possible cyber terrorist activity interferes with individual privacy; whether the roles and responsibilities for protecting against a possible cyber terrorist attack need more clarity for government, industry, and home users; and, whether information sharing on cyber threats and vulnerabilities must be further increased between private industry and the federal government. The final section describes possible policy options for improving protection against threats from possible cyber terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computer Attack and Cyberterrorism: Vulnerabilities and Policy Issues for Congress

Computer Attack and Cyberterrorism: Vulnerabilities and Policy Issues for Congress

Date: April 1, 2005
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: This report provides background information for three types of attacks against computers (cyber-attack, physical attack, and electromagnetic attack), and discusses related vulnerabilities for each type of attack. The report also describes the possible effects of a coordinated cyberattack, or computer network attack (CNA), against U.S. infrastructure computers, along with possible technical capabilities of international terrorists.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutionality of Applying the FCC's Indecency Restriction to Cable Television

Constitutionality of Applying the FCC's Indecency Restriction to Cable Television

Date: December 1, 2005
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: Various federal officials have spoken in favor of extending the Federal Communication Commission’s indecency restriction, which currently applies to broadcast television and radio, to cable and satellite television. This report examines whether such an extension would violate the First Amendment’s guarantee of freedom of speech.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Copyright Protection of Digital Television:  The "Broadcast Flag"

Copyright Protection of Digital Television: The "Broadcast Flag"

Date: May 11, 2005
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: This report addresses the adoption of a “broadcast flag” system by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to protect digital television (DTV) broadcasts from unauthorized redistribution. The report also addresses the recent decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit reversing and vacating the FCC’s broadcast flag report and order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department