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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
“Amazon” Laws and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

“Amazon” Laws and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

Date: July 26, 2012
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report covers ways in which states are attempting to capture taxes on Internet sales. Two basic approaches include imposing tax collection responsibilities on the retailer, and requiring remote sellers to provide tax information to the state and/or it's customers. This report covers the legality of both options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Technology Innovation Program

The Technology Innovation Program

Date: March 23, 2011
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the elimination of the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) - specifically a renewal of the debate over the role of the federal government in promoting commercial technology development. TIP was established in 2007 at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to replace the Advanced Technology Program (ATP). This effort was designed "to support, promote, and accelerate innovation in the United States through high-risk, high-reward research in areas of critical national need," according to the authorizing legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Date: April 11, 2011
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the idea that all Americans should be able to afford access to the telecommunications network; this is commonly called the “universal service concept” and can trace its origins back to the 1934 Communications Act. The current policy debate has focused on five concerns: the scope of the program; who should contribute and what methodology should be used to fund the program; eligibility criteria for benefits; concerns over possible program fraud, waste, and abuse; and the impact of the Antideficiency Act (ADA) on the USF.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Date: January 19, 2011
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides an overview of: federal research and development (R&D) in nanotechnology; U.S. competitiveness; environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns; nanomanufacturing; and public understanding of and attitudes toward nanotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Law Enforcement Use of Global Positioning (GPS) Devices to Monitor Motor Vehicles: Fourth Amendment Considerations

Law Enforcement Use of Global Positioning (GPS) Devices to Monitor Motor Vehicles: Fourth Amendment Considerations

Date: February 28, 2011
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the basics of Global Positioning System (GPS) technology, society's reliance on it, and some of the related legal and privacy implications. In addition, the report examines legislative and judicial responses on both federal and state levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Use of the Internet: Information Operations in Cyberspace

Terrorist Use of the Internet: Information Operations in Cyberspace

Date: March 8, 2011
Creator: Theohary, Catherine A. & Rollins, John
Description: This report describes the ways that international terrorists and insurgents use the Internet, strategically and tactically, in pursuit of their political agendas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

Date: October 3, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report examines the funding for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Congressional skepticism and pressures to balance the federal budget have effected NIST and its programs to such an extent that NIST is "currently taking the necessary actions for an orderly shutdown." Presidential promises call for an increase in funding, and the report questions how this funding will affect programs within NIST.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: An Overview

Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: An Overview

Date: October 3, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of The Hollings Manufacturing Partnership (MEP), which is a program of regional centers set up to assist small and medium-sized manufacturing companies use knowledge and technologies developed under the auspices of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources

Date: September 11, 2012
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to selected authoritative resources related to cybersecurity issues, including: legislation, hearings in the 112th Congress, data and statistics, and cybersecurity glossaries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: September 7, 2012
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G. & Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report looks at considerations of the 112th Congress in furthering encouragement of broadband deployment and adoption so as decrease the "digital divide" between "information haves and have-nots."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spyware: Background and Policy Issues for Congress

Spyware: Background and Policy Issues for Congress

Date: January 12, 2011
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report discusses whether to enact new legislation specifically addressing spyware, or to rely on industry self-regulation and enforcement actions by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the Department of Justice under existing law, as well as the opinions of both the opponents and the supporters of industry self-regulation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts

Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts

Date: August 28, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: The table in this report provides names and contact information for CRS experts on federal science, technology, and innovation policies, including authorizing programs and funding, making appropriations, and conducting oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

Date: September 23, 2013
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report has been updated to reflect FY2013 funding levels contained in P.L. 113-6 (Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013) and the explanatory statement published in the March 11, 2013. This report also provides selected FY2013 current or operational plan funding levels, which have been adjusted to account for the effects of sequestration and other currently known legal determinations made by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) that may affect the final appropriations levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

Date: October 22, 2013
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: This report discusses the federal government's role in the country's information technology (IT) research and development (R&D) activities. The government's support of IT R&D began because it had an important interest in creating computers and software that would be capable of addressing the problems and issues the government needed to solve and study.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

Date: August 30, 2012
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: Report discussing the federal government's role in the country's information technology (IT) research and development (R&D) activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Laws Relating to Cybersecurity: Overview and Discussion of Proposed Revisions

Federal Laws Relating to Cybersecurity: Overview and Discussion of Proposed Revisions

Date: June 20, 2013
Creator: Fischer, Eric A.
Description: Report that is concerned with the current legislative framework for cybersecurity as well as proposals to amend more than 30 related acts of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Date: December 3, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Report that covers legislative activity in the past and present regarding private-sector technological development. It also looks at the future of Congressional action towards mandated specific technology development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Foreign Nationals with Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Degrees

Immigration of Foreign Nationals with Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Degrees

Date: November 26, 2012
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: Report regarding renewed Congressional interest in facilitating the immigration of foreign professional workers in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) fields.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

Date: June 19, 2013
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Report that examines the funding for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: An Overview

Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: An Overview

Date: June 19, 2013
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Report that provides a brief overview of The Hollings Manufacturing Partnership (MEP), a program of regional centers set up to assist small and medium-sized manufacturing companies using knowledge and technologies developed under the auspices of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness

Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness

Date: December 3, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Report regarding the ways the United States Congress has explored to stimulate technological advancement in the private sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources

Date: July 25, 2013
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: Report that provides links to selected authoritative resources related to cybersecurity issues, including: legislation, hearings in the 112th Congress, data and statistics, and cybersecurity glossaries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources

Date: July 24, 2012
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: Report that provides links to selected authoritative resources related to cybersecurity issues, including: legislation, hearings in the 112th Congress, data and statistics, and cybersecurity glossaries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources

Date: September 11, 2012
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: Report that provides links to selected authoritative resources related to cybersecurity issues, including: legislation, hearings in the 112th Congress, data and statistics, and cybersecurity glossaries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department