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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Selected Federal Data Security Breach Legislation

Selected Federal Data Security Breach Legislation

Date: April 9, 2012
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: The protection of data, particularly data that can be used to identify individuals, has become an issue of great concern to Congress. This report discusses relevant legislation regarding data security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: February 2, 2005
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report provides an overview of the "digital divide", which is a term used to describe a perceived gap between those Americans who use or have access to telecommunications and information technologies and those who do not.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: March 14, 2007
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G. & Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report examines issues regarding broadband access in the U.S., more specifically the "digital divide,” which is a term that has been used to characterize a gap between “information haves and have-nots,” or in other words, between those Americans who use or have access to telecommunications technologies (e.g., telephones, computers, the Internet) and those who do not.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Municipal Broadband: Background and Policy Debate

Municipal Broadband: Background and Policy Debate

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G. & Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the debate surrounding Municipal Broadband, which is controversial because it involves governmental entities entering a commercial telecommunications marketplace that had previously been the exclusive domain of private sector providers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: March 30, 2016
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity-related committee hearings in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses. It also provides a list of executive orders and presidential directives pertaining to information and computer security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Governance and the Domain Name System: Issues for Congress

Internet Governance and the Domain Name System: Issues for Congress

Date: March 23, 2016
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report provides a definition regarding Internet governance and how the Internet is currently governed, and discusses the role of United States government and future model of Internet governance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Date: March 28, 2016
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President and discusses selected recurrent issues for Congress regarding OSTP's Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Encryption: Selected Legal Issues

Encryption: Selected Legal Issues

Date: March 3, 2016
Creator: Thompson, Richard M., II & Jaikaran, Chris
Description: This report first provides background to the ongoing encryption debate, including a primer on encryption basics and an overview of Apple, Google, and Facebook's new encryption policies. Next, it provides an overview of the Fifth Amendment right to be free from self-incrimination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dual-Use Biological Equipment: Difficulties in Domestic Regulation

Dual-Use Biological Equipment: Difficulties in Domestic Regulation

Date: January 22, 2004
Creator: Shea, Dana A.
Description: A question in the current debate over chemical and biological terrorism is: how well do current United States policies limit opportunities to terrorist groups for acquisition of such weapons? The domestic purchase and use of “dual-use” biological equipment, such as fermenters, centrifuges, and other equipment, is one area suggested as potentially providing opportunities for terrorist, biological weapons development. Dual-use equipment has both legitimate civilian and military use. Regulating international sale of dual-use equipment is used as a nonproliferation policy tool. Similar regulation of domestic sales has not been employed. This report will discuss the difficulties of applying domestic controls on dual-use biological equipment and the potential advantages and disadvantages of doing so.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FDA Medical Device User Fee Program: MDUFA IV Reauthorization

The FDA Medical Device User Fee Program: MDUFA IV Reauthorization

Date: June 6, 2016
Creator: Johnson, Judith A.
Description: This report describes current law regarding medical device user fees, the impact of Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act (MDUFMA) on Federal Drug Administration (FDA) review time of various medical device applications, and the agency's medical device program budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr. & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President and discusses selected recurrent issues for Congress regarding Office of Science and Technology Policy's (OSTP) Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of FY2017 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Overview of FY2017 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report tracks and describes actions taken by the Administration and Congress to provide FY2017 appropriations for the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) accounts. It also provides an overview of FY2016 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded as part of annual CJS appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Delivery Drones: Coming to the Sky Near You?

Delivery Drones: Coming to the Sky Near You?

Date: May 6, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar briefly examines the prospect of highly-automated fleets of drones being used routinely to deliver packages, which raises a number of legal questions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Technology Innovation Program

The Technology Innovation Program

Date: June 14, 2010
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) which was established in 2007 to replace the Advanced Technology Program (ATP). TIP was designed "to support, promote, and accelerate innovation in the United States through high-risk, high-reward research in areas of critical national need," according to the authorizing legislation. Grants are provided to small and medium-sized firms for individual projects or joint ventures with other research organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The DHS Directorate of Science and Technology: Key Issues for Congress

The DHS Directorate of Science and Technology: Key Issues for Congress

Date: June 9, 2008
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: This report describes the evolving mission, organization, and assets of the S&T Directorate and the activities it conducts. It outlines key policy issues, including the balance of the directorate's programs, its priorities and how they are set, its relationships with other R&D organizations, its mission, its budgeting and financial management, and other concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Technology Innovation Program

The Technology Innovation Program

Date: February 22, 2010
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), which is designed "to support, promote, and accelerate innovation in the United States through high-risk, high-reward research in areas of critical national need," according to the authorizing legislation. Grants are provided to small and medium-sized firms for individual projects or joint ventures with other research organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Technology Innovation Program

The Technology Innovation Program

Date: March 2, 2009
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), which is designed "to support, promote, and accelerate innovation in the United States through high-risk, high-reward research in areas of critical national need," according to the authorizing legislation. Grants are provided to small and medium-sized firms for individual projects or joint ventures with other research organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of Ten Selected Science and Technology Policy Studies

Analysis of Ten Selected Science and Technology Policy Studies

Date: September 4, 1997
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: Since the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, a number of reports have been prepared on a broad range of science and technology (S&T) policy issues, most notably dealing with national research and development (R&D) goals, priorities, and budgets, and university-government-industry relationships. This report discusses and analyzes ten of these S&T reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Role in Technology Development

The Federal Role in Technology Development

Date: July 30, 2002
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: The federal government has traditionally played a role in fostering technological progress. This has involved both direct federal research and development (R&D) funding and indirect measures that create incentives for increased private sector investments in innovation. However, this mix of initiatives was challenged since the 104th Congress. While support for all on-going efforts continues, some programs have been funded at reduced levels. However, since FY2001, appropriations appear to have reversed this trend.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Veteran Affairs: Information Security and Information Technology Management Reorganization

Department of Veteran Affairs: Information Security and Information Technology Management Reorganization

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: On May 3, 2006, the home of a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) data analyst was burglarized, resulting in the theft of a laptop computer and an external data storage device that was reported to contain personal information on more than 26 million veterans and United States military personnel. The VA Secretary testified that he was not informed of the incident until May 16, 2006, almost two weeks after the data had been stolen. VA publicly announced the theft on May 22. On June 29, VA announced that the stolen laptop computer and external hard drive had been recovered intact and that, based on a forensic examination conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the files on the external hard drive had not been compromised.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Date: June 3, 2005
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Date: July 1, 2005
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers from U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Actions and Chronology

China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers from U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Actions and Chronology

Date: September 5, 2001
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: This CRS Report discusses security concerns, significant congressional and administration action, and a comprehensive chronology pertaining to satellite exports to the PRC. The report discusses issues for U.S. foreign and security policy (including that on China and weapons nonproliferation), such as: What are the benefits and costs of satellite exports to China for U.S. economic and security interests? Should the United States continue, change, or cease the policy in place since the Reagan Administration that has allowed exports of satellites to China (for its launch and – increasingly – for its use)? Etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department