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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report provides an overview of current U.S. international S&T policy; describes the role of the Department of State (DOS), the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and other federal agencies; and discusses possible policy options for Congress. It focuses on international science and technology diplomacy, where American leadership in science and technology is used as a diplomatic tool to enhance another country's development and to improve understanding by other nations of U.S. values and ways of doing business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

Date: December 12, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report analyzes National Science Foundation funding trends and selected closely-related STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) education policy issues to provide fiscal and policy context. It concludes with an analysis of potential policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy: Issues for Congress

The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy: Issues for Congress

Date: November 10, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President and discusses selected issues and options for Congress regarding the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science and Technology Policymaking: A Primer

Science and Technology Policymaking: A Primer

Date: April 22, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report will provide a basic understanding of science and technology policy including the nature of science and technology (S&T) policy, how scientific and technical knowledge is useful for public policy decision making, and an overview of the key stakeholders in science and technology policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Federal Chief Technology Officer in the Obama Administration: Options and Issues for Consideration

A Federal Chief Technology Officer in the Obama Administration: Options and Issues for Consideration

Date: June 4, 2010
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: In November 2007, Senator Barack Obama announced his intention, if elected President, to appoint a federal chief technology officer (CTO). On April 18, 2009, President Obama appointed Virginia Secretary of Technology, Aneesh P. Chopra, to serve as "America's Chief Technology Officer." This report presents President Obama's vision for the CTO position put forth during his campaign for the presidency and during the presidential transition. It also discusses the potential scope of duties and authorities of the CTO, articulates organizational precedents and challenges for the CTO, reviews some of the activities undertaken by Aneesh Chopra during his tenure as CTO, and identifies issues Congress may choose to consider if it opts to exert oversight or to develop legislation to create the position and/or office of the CTO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Date: February 7, 2009
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides an overview of nanotechnology, nanomanufacturing, and public understanding of and attitudes toward nanotechnology. Congress has demonstrated continuing support for nanotechnology and has directed its attention primarily to three topics that may affect the realization of this hoped for potential: federal research and development (R&D) in nanotechnology; U.S. competitiveness; and environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides an overview of nanotechnology, nanomanufacturing, and public understanding of and attitudes toward nanotechnology. Congress has demonstrated continuing support for nanotechnology and has directed its attention primarily to three topics that may affect the realization of this hoped for potential: federal research and development (R&D) in nanotechnology; U.S. competitiveness; and environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Federal Chief Technology Officer in the Obama Administration: Options and Issues for Consideration

A Federal Chief Technology Officer in the Obama Administration: Options and Issues for Consideration

Date: January 7, 2010
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report presents President Obama's vision for the chief technology officer (CTO) position. It also discusses the potential scope of the position's duties, articulates organizational precedents and challenges for the CTO, reviews some of the activities undertaken by Aneesh Chopra during his tenure as CTO, and identifies issues Congress may choose to consider if it opts to exert oversight or to develop legislation to create the position and/or office of the CTO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

Date: September 20, 2013
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report has been updated to reflect FY2013 funding levels contained in P.L. 113-6 (Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013) and the explanatory statement published in the March 11, 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybercrime: Conceptual Issues for Congress and U.S. Law Enforcement

Cybercrime: Conceptual Issues for Congress and U.S. Law Enforcement

Date: May 23, 2012
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M. & Theohary, Catherine A.
Description: This report gives an overview of cybercrime, which can include crimes such as identity theft, payment card fraud, and intellectual property theft. The report discusses where the criminal acts exist (in both the real and digital worlds), motivations for cybercrimes, and who is committing them, as well as government definitions, strategies, and methods of tracking cybercrime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department