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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Spinning the Web: The History and Infrastructure of the Internet

Spinning the Web: The History and Infrastructure of the Internet

Date: August 12, 1999
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Year 2000 Computer Problem: Selected Internet Addresses

Year 2000 Computer Problem: Selected Internet Addresses

Date: June 18, 1999
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: The Year 2000 computer problem, also called "Y2K" or the "millennium bug," describes a situation created over the last 30 years in the computer industry. Generally speaking, it means that some computers will not recognize the year 2000 as a valid date. This report is an annotated list of government (local, state, federal, and international), industry, small business, media, and grass-roots Internet sites which address various aspects of the Year 2000 computer problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Overview

Date: June 1, 1998
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G & Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Year 2000 Problem: Potential Impacts on National Infrastructures

Year 2000 Problem: Potential Impacts on National Infrastructures

Date: December 4, 1998
Creator: Nunno, Richard M
Description: The year 2000 (Y2K) computer problem poses a potential threat to the continued proper functioning of many national infrastructures. These include telecommunications, utilities, financial services, health care, transportation, government services, and military preparedness. Other sectors -- such as water, agriculture, food processing and distribution, emergency services, and small and medium sized businesses -- have also been identified as having potentially significant Y2K problems but, due to space constraints, are not discussed here. While public and private sector entities report progress toward resolving their Y2K problems, much uncertainty remains regarding which systems are most vulnerable to failures. The overall impact resulting from the Y2K problem to some degree still depends on remediation progress made in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers from U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Background and Chronology

China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers from U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Background and Chronology

Date: August 13, 1998
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Members of Congress are concerned about whether U.S. firms have provided technology or expertise to China for use in its ballistic missile program and whether a series of decisions by the Clinton Administration on satellite exports have facilitated legal or illegal transfers of missile-related technology to China. The New York Times reported in April 1998 that the Justice Department is conducting an ongoing criminal investigation into whether Loral Space and Communications (of New York), and Hughes Electronics (of Los Angeles) violated export control laws. The firms are alleged to have shared their findings with China on the cause of a Chinese rocket’s explosion while launching a U.S.-origin satellite in February 1996. In sharing their conclusions, the companies are said to have provided expertise that China could use to improve its ballistic missiles, including their guidance systems. This CRS report provides detailed background information, significant Congressional action, and a comprehensive chronology. The events summarized here, based on various open sources and interviews, pertain to various aspects of U.S. foreign and security policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of Ten Selected Science and Technology Policy Studies

Analysis of Ten Selected Science and Technology Policy Studies

Date: September 4, 1997
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: Since the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, a number of reports have been prepared on a broad range of science and technology (S&T) policy issues, most notably dealing with national research and development (R&D) goals, priorities, and budgets, and university-government-industry relationships. This report discusses and analyzes ten of these S&T reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Science and Technology Strategies and Policies

Japan's Science and Technology Strategies and Policies

Date: October 14, 1992
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Power and the Year 2000 Computer Problem

Electric Power and the Year 2000 Computer Problem

Date: August 10, 1999
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: The North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) at the request of the Department of Energy is coordinating an effort to minimize the vulnerability of the nation's electric utility system to disruption resulting from computer failures as the date changes to January 1, 2000, the so-called Y2K computer problem. NERC now believes that the electric power industry would be able to reliably meet demand during the transition from 1999 to 2000 with the systems that are now Y2K ready. Nevertheless, at least 30% of the nation's utilities and 35% of the nation's nuclear power plants are not now expected to be Y2K ready until the last half of 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Year 2000 Computer Problem: State Government Issues

Year 2000 Computer Problem: State Government Issues

Date: September 30, 1999
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: The federal government sends and receives data from the states in support of many social service programs. Examples of such programs are: Medicare, Medicaid, Welfare, Food Stamps, and Unemployment Insurance. The federal government will not be able to deliver critical social services if data exchanges with state governments are not Y2K- compliant, yet there is no complete picture of their readiness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Advanced Technology Program

The Advanced Technology Program

Date: August 10, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) was created by P.L. 100-418, the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, to encourage public-private cooperation in the development of pre-competitive technologies with broad application across industries. This activity has been targeted for elimination as a means to cut federal spending. This report discusses the ATP and related issues of federal appropriations (or the lack thereof).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department