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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP): An Overview

Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP): An Overview

Date: December 7, 1998
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This report discusses the Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP). After a brief description of the ADHP system, the report describes the ADHP's operation, organization, spending history and status. It then describes changes in its funding mechanism resultant from TEA 21 and issues of interest to Congress related to the ADHP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Overview

Date: June 1, 1998
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G & Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Science and Technology Strategies and Policies

Japan's Science and Technology Strategies and Policies

Date: October 14, 1992
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Information Infrastructure: The Federal Role

The National Information Infrastructure: The Federal Role

Date: November 5, 1994
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Panel Display (FPD) Technology: An Introduction to the Issues

Flat Panel Display (FPD) Technology: An Introduction to the Issues

Date: December 19, 1994
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J & Nunno, Richard M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Science and Technology: Issues for U.S. Policymakers

International Science and Technology: Issues for U.S. Policymakers

Date: September 16, 1994
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J; Boesman, William C; Knezo, Genevieve J; Mielke, James E & Morgan, Daniel
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report describes the basic elements and issues of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. It defines basic activities supported by the program, presents budget trends, discusses the management of program, and describes the infrastructure in which the program is implemented. This report is for staff new to the area of defense research and for senior staff interested in historical trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Date: July 14, 1999
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report describes the basic elements and issues of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. It defines basic activities supported by the program, presents budget trends, discusses the management of program, and describes the infrastructure in which the program is implemented. This report is for staff new to the area of defense research and for senior staff interested in historical trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: DOD's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Program

Defense Research: DOD's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Program

Date: August 13, 1999
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The Administration has requested $34.4 billion for the Department of Defense (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) program for FY2000. This is almost $3 billion below what was available for RDT&E in FY1999. In addition, the 6-year budget would maintain RDT&E between $34 billion and $35 billion over the next 6 years. In constant dollars, RDT&E spending will decline.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese and U.S. Industrial Associations: Their Roles in High-Technology Policymaking

Japanese and U.S. Industrial Associations: Their Roles in High-Technology Policymaking

Date: June 26, 1991
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Tax Bills in the 105th Congress

Internet Tax Bills in the 105th Congress

Date: August 21, 1998
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Tax Bills in the 105th Congress

Internet Tax Bills in the 105th Congress

Date: August 21, 1998
Creator: Noto, Nonna A.
Description: This report tracks the evolution and content of the Internet tax freedom bills. In general, the bills would impose a federal moratorium on the ability of state and local governments to impose taxes on certain aspects of the Internet and would establish a temporary federal commission to study selected issues and make policy recommendations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Encryption Technology: Congressional Issues

Encryption Technology: Congressional Issues

Date: July 9, 1998
Creator: Nunno, Richard M
Description: This report discusses primarily, the controversy over encryption concerns what access the government should have to encrypted stored computer data or electronic communications (voice and data, wired and wireless) for law enforcement purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Year 2000 Problem: Potential Impacts on National Infrastructures

Year 2000 Problem: Potential Impacts on National Infrastructures

Date: December 4, 1998
Creator: Nunno, Richard M
Description: The year 2000 (Y2K) computer problem poses a potential threat to the continued proper functioning of many national infrastructures. These include telecommunications, utilities, financial services, health care, transportation, government services, and military preparedness. Other sectors -- such as water, agriculture, food processing and distribution, emergency services, and small and medium sized businesses -- have also been identified as having potentially significant Y2K problems but, due to space constraints, are not discussed here. While public and private sector entities report progress toward resolving their Y2K problems, much uncertainty remains regarding which systems are most vulnerable to failures. The overall impact resulting from the Y2K problem to some degree still depends on remediation progress made in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Y2K Challenges and Transportation: Risks and Solutions

Y2K Challenges and Transportation: Risks and Solutions

Date: April 30, 1999
Creator: Rothberg, Paul F & Moore, J. Glen
Description: Many companies or governmental entities provide or use transportation systems that are heavily dependent on computers, software, and other technologies that do not have Y2K problems, e.g., they are Y2K compliant or ready. Some transportation systems, however, still use technologies with Y2K problems, which if left uncorrected, could pose safety risks or efficiency concerns on or after January 1, 2000. The extent and nature of those impacts are expected to vary among the modes of transportation and among various providers or users. In addition, Y2K-related problems occurring in the communications and energy industries could reduce the safety and efficiency of some transportation systems in early January 2000. Operations at some foreign ports and international air traffic control systems with Y2K problems also could adversely affect shipments and flights into and out of the United States. The total amount that has been spent to assess and fix Y2K problems affecting transportation is not known, but estimates suggest that at least $1 billion of private sector, transit authority, and federal funds have been or will soon be allocated for that purpose.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Power and the Year 2000 Computer Problem

Electric Power and the Year 2000 Computer Problem

Date: August 10, 1999
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: The North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) at the request of the Department of Energy is coordinating an effort to minimize the vulnerability of the nation's electric utility system to disruption resulting from computer failures as the date changes to January 1, 2000, the so-called Y2K computer problem. NERC now believes that the electric power industry would be able to reliably meet demand during the transition from 1999 to 2000 with the systems that are now Y2K ready. Nevertheless, at least 30% of the nation's utilities and 35% of the nation's nuclear power plants are not now expected to be Y2K ready until the last half of 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, First Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, First Session

Date: February 21, 1997
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, Second Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, Second Session

Date: September 9, 1998
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, First Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, First Session

Date: July 16, 1999
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness

Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness

Date: December 2, 1996
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: In response to the foreign challenge in the global marketplace, the United States Congress has explored ways to stimulate technological advancement in the private sector. The government has supported various efforts to promote cooperative research and development activities among industry, universities, and the federal R&D establishment designed to increase the competitiveness of American industry and to encourage the generation of new products, processes, and services. Among the issues before Congress are whether joint ventures contribute to industrial competitiveness and what role, if any, the government has in facilitating such arrangements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Date: December 2, 1996
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manufacturing, Technology, and Competitiveness

Manufacturing, Technology, and Competitiveness

Date: January 12, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: This report discusses increases in the productivity of American firms to maintain competitiveness in the international marketplace.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Innovation Research Program

Small Business Innovation Research Program

Date: September 27, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Advanced Technology Program

The Advanced Technology Program

Date: August 10, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) was created by P.L. 100-418, the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, to encourage public-private cooperation in the development of pre-competitive technologies with broad application across industries. This activity has been targeted for elimination as a means to cut federal spending. This report discusses the ATP and related issues of federal appropriations (or the lack thereof).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department