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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
A Department of Science and Technology: A Recurring Theme

A Department of Science and Technology: A Recurring Theme

Date: February 3, 1995
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: Consolidation of many Federal research and development (R&D) activities into a Department of Science and Technology (S&T) has been proposed repeatedly since World War D, including in the last Congress. The trend, however, has been toward the creation of mission agencies with supporting R&D capabilities. Analyses of arguments for and against consolidation indicate that valid reasons exist on both sides of the issue. Specific consolidation proposals may be considered again during the 104th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, First Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, First Session

Date: July 16, 1999
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, First Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, First Session

Date: February 21, 1997
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, Second Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, Second Session

Date: September 9, 1998
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Point and Click: Internet Searching Techniques

Point and Click: Internet Searching Techniques

Date: April 6, 1998
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Information Superhighway: Status and Issues

The Information Superhighway: Status and Issues

Date: December 2, 1994
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Point & Click: Internet Searching Techniques

Point & Click: Internet Searching Techniques

Date: April 6, 1998
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report discusses criteria to consider when judging the quality of an internet site and the best strategies for locating information on the World Wide Web. There are two ways to search the Internet. The first is to use subject guides (e.g., Yahoo, Galaxy, or WWW Virtual Library), which are compiled by human indexers. These present an organized hierarchy of categories so a searcher can “drill down” through their links. The second option is to use a search engine (e.g., Alta Vista, Hotbot, or InfoSeek), an automated software robot which indexes Web pages and retrieves information based on relevancy-ranked algorithms. This report describes how search engines index the World Wide Web, as well as various features common to most search engines. In addition, the report suggests searching tips for retrieving the most precise information. Finally, the report discusses Usenet news groups, email discussion lists, gophers, and miscellaneous Web resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cooperative Research and Development Agreements

Cooperative Research and Development Agreements

Date: November 17, 1998
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: A Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) is a mechanism established by P.L. 99-602, the Federal Technology Transfer Act, to allow the transfer of technology, knowledge, and expertise from government laboratories to the private sector for further development and commercialization. The government provides support in the way of overhead for research and development performed in the federal laboratory and is prohibited from providing funding directly to the partner in the collaborative effort. Currently, more than 5,000 CRADAs have been signed. As the 105th Congress determines its approach to science and technology policies, the role of CRADAs continues to be debated within the context of federal support for R&D
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spinning the Web: The History and Infrastructure of the Internet

Spinning the Web: The History and Infrastructure of the Internet

Date: August 12, 1999
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Panel Display (FPD) Technology: An Introduction to the Issues

Flat Panel Display (FPD) Technology: An Introduction to the Issues

Date: December 19, 1994
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J & Nunno, Richard M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department