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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Date: September 21, 2004
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Spam": An Overview of Issues Concerning Commercial Electronic Mail

"Spam": An Overview of Issues Concerning Commercial Electronic Mail

Date: September 16, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: Spam, also called unsolicited commercial email (UCE) or “junk email,” aggravates many computer users. Not only can spam be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Also, some spam involves fraud, or includes adult-oriented material that offends recipients or that parents want to protect their children from seeing. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique that is protected by the First Amendment, and that some consumers want to receive such solicitations. This report discusses this issue in detail, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: September 14, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: A Guide to Internet Sources

Immigration: A Guide to Internet Sources

Date: September 9, 2004
Creator: Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science and Technology Policy: Issues for the 108th Congress, 2nd Session

Science and Technology Policy: Issues for the 108th Congress, 2nd Session

Date: September 8, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: An Overview of Key Technology Policy Issues Affecting Its Use and Growth

Internet: An Overview of Key Technology Policy Issues Affecting Its Use and Growth

Date: August 20, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S; Moteff, John D; Kruger, Lennard G; McLoughlin, Glenn J & Seifert, Jeffrey W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Multi-State Anti-Terrorism Information Exchange (MATRIX) Pilot Project

The Multi-State Anti-Terrorism Information Exchange (MATRIX) Pilot Project

Date: August 18, 2004
Creator: Krouse, William J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Warfare and Cyberwar: Capabilities and Related Policy Issues

Information Warfare and Cyberwar: Capabilities and Related Policy Issues

Date: July 19, 2004
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: July 6, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

Date: July 1, 2004
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Network Centric Warfare: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Network Centric Warfare: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Date: June 2, 2004
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 108th Congress

Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 108th Congress

Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: Maguire, Steven & Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Data Mining: An Overview

Data Mining: An Overview

Date: May 3, 2004
Creator: Seifert, Jeffrey W
Description: Data mining is emerging as one of the key features of many homeland security initiatives. Often used as a means for detecting fraud, assessing risk, and product retailing, data mining involves the use of data analysis tools to discover previously unknown, valid patterns and relationships in large data sets. This report discusses the data mining uses (i.e. Terrorism Information Awareness (TIA) Program) and issues (i.e. data quality, interoperability, privacy), as well as the limitations of data mining.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computer Security: A Summary of Selected Federal Laws, Executive Orders, and Presidential Directives

Computer Security: A Summary of Selected Federal Laws, Executive Orders, and Presidential Directives

Date: April 16, 2004
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report provides a short summary of selected federal laws, executive orders, and presidential directives, currently in force, that govern computer security. The report focuses on the major roles and responsibilities assigned various federal agencies in the area of computer security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: April 1, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Date: March 31, 2004
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: State governments rely on sales and use taxes for approximately one-third (33.6%) of their total tax revenue - or approximately $179 billion in FY2002 .' Local governments derived 12.4% of their tax revenue or $44 .1 billion from local sales and use taxes in FY20012 Both state and local sales taxes are collected by vendors at the time of transaction and are levied at a percentage of a product's retail price. Alternatively, use taxes are not collected by the vendor if the vendor does not have nexus (loosely defined as a physical presence) in the consumer's state . Consumers are required to remit use taxes to their taxing jurisdiction . However, compliance with this requirement is quite low. Because of the low compliance, many observers suggest that the expansion of the internet as a means of transacting business across state lines, both from business to consumer (B to C) and from business to business (B to B), threatens to diminish the ability of state and local governments to collect sales and use taxes . Congress has a role in this issue because commerce between parties in different states conducted over the Internet falls under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution.' ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Date: March 29, 2004
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A & Kruger, Lennard G
Description: From a public policy perspective, the goals are to ensure that broadband deployment is timely, that industry competes fairly, and that service is provided to all sectors and geographical locations of American society. The federal government -- through Congress and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) -- is seeking to ensure fair competition among the players so that broadband will be available and affordable in a timely manner to all Americans who want it. While the FCC's position is not to intervene at this time, some assert that legislation is necessary to ensure fair competition and timely broadband deployment. One proposal would ease certain legal restrictions and requirements, imposed by the Telecommunications Act of 1996, on incumbent telephone companies who provide high speed data (broadband) access. Another proposal would compel cable companies to provide "open access" to competing Internet service providers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: March 11, 2004
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G
Description: Some policymakers, believing that disparities in broadband access across American society could have adverse economic and social consequences on those left behind, assert that the federal government should play a more active role to avoid a “digital divide” in broadband access. One approach is for the federal government to provide financial assistance to support broadband deployment in underserved areas. Others, however, believe that federal assistance for broadband deployment is not appropriate. Some opponents question the reality of the “digital divide,” and argue that federal intervention in the broadband marketplace would be premature and, in some cases, counterproductive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property, Computer Software and the Open Source Movement

Intellectual Property, Computer Software and the Open Source Movement

Date: March 11, 2004
Creator: Thomas, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Date: March 11, 2004
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 108th Congress

Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 108th Congress

Date: March 8, 2004
Creator: Maguire, Steven & Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Issues Related to Prescription Drug Sales on the Internet

Legal Issues Related to Prescription Drug Sales on the Internet

Date: March 5, 2004
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

Date: March 1, 2004
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

Date: January 30, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: Unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), also called “spam” or “junk e-mail,” aggravates many computer users. Not only can spam be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Also, some spam involves fraud, or includes adult-oriented material that offends recipients or that parents want to protect their children from seeing. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique that is protected by the First Amendment. On December 16, President Bush signed into law S. 877, the Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing (CAN-SPAM) Act. The law, P.L. 108-187, went into effect on January 1, 2004.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department