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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

Date: May 15, 2008
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: This report discusses the federal government's role in the country's information technology (IT) research and development (R&D) activities. The government's support of IT R&D began because it had an important interest in creating computers and software that would be capable of addressing the problems and issues the government needed to solve and study.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Date: September 15, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the idea that all Americans should be able to afford access to the telecommunications network; this is commonly called the "universal service concept" and can trace its origins back to the 1934 Communications Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Date: August 1, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the idea that all Americans should be able to afford access to the telecommunications network; this is commonly called the "universal service concept" and can trace its origins back to the 1934 Communications Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Date: May 27, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A. & Kruger, Lennard G
Description: This is one part in the series of reports that provide a background and analysis, and most recent developments regarding broadband or high-speed Internet access. The report starts out by answering questions; what is broadband and why is it important? This report also discusses broadband technologies, the status of broadband deployment and the related policy issues, as well as the legislation in congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Net Neutrality: Background and Issues

Net Neutrality: Background and Issues

Date: September 16, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele E.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Searches of Laptop Computers and Other Electronic Storage Devices

Border Searches of Laptop Computers and Other Electronic Storage Devices

Date: November 17, 2008
Creator: Kim, Yule & Henning, Anna C.
Description: This report discusses a developing issue in the law of search and seizure: whether the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution permits warrantless searches of the content of laptop computers and other electronic storage devices at U.S. borders. The federal courts that have addressed this issue have held that the border search exception to the Fourth Amendment applies to these searches, making warrantless searches permissible.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: Background, Federal Policy, and Legislative Action

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: Background, Federal Policy, and Legislative Action

Date: March 21, 2008
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Description: This report provides the background and context to understand these legislative developments. The report first presents data on the state of Schience, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education in the United States. It then examines the federal role in promoting STEM education. The report concludes with a discussion of the legislative actions recently taken to address federal STEM education policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wind Power in the United States: Technology, Economic, and Policy Issues

Wind Power in the United States: Technology, Economic, and Policy Issues

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey & Kaplan, Stan Mark
Description: This report describes utility-scale wind power issues in the United States. The report is divided into the following sections: background on wind energy; wind resources and technology; industry composition and trends; wind power economics; and policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Spam": An Overview of Issues Concerning Commercial Electronic Mail

"Spam": An Overview of Issues Concerning Commercial Electronic Mail

Date: May 14, 2008
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report discusses Spam, also called unsolicited commercial email (UCE) or "junk email." Not only can Spam be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique that is protected by the First Amendment. This report discusses this issue in detail, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Siting of Wireless Communications Facilities: An Overview of Federal, State, and Local Law

The Siting of Wireless Communications Facilities: An Overview of Federal, State, and Local Law

Date: September 4, 2008
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen
Description: The siting of wireless communications facilities has been a topic of controversy in communities all over the United States. The Telecommunications Act of 1996 governs federal, state, and local regulation of the siting of communications towers by placing certain limitations on local zoning authority without totally preempting state and local law. This report provides an overview of the federal, state, and local laws governing the siting of wireless communications facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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