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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Net Neutrality: Background and Issues

Net Neutrality: Background and Issues

Date: September 16, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele E.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: Background, Federal Policy, and Legislative Action

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: Background, Federal Policy, and Legislative Action

Date: March 21, 2008
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Description: This report provides the background and context to understand these legislative developments. The report first presents data on the state of Schience, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education in the United States. It then examines the federal role in promoting STEM education. The report concludes with a discussion of the legislative actions recently taken to address federal STEM education policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wind Power in the United States: Technology, Economic, and Policy Issues

Wind Power in the United States: Technology, Economic, and Policy Issues

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey & Kaplan, Stan Mark
Description: This report describes utility-scale wind power issues in the United States. The report is divided into the following sections: background on wind energy; wind resources and technology; industry composition and trends; wind power economics; and policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Siting of Wireless Communications Facilities: An Overview of Federal, State, and Local Law

The Siting of Wireless Communications Facilities: An Overview of Federal, State, and Local Law

Date: September 4, 2008
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen
Description: The siting of wireless communications facilities has been a topic of controversy in communities all over the United States. The Telecommunications Act of 1996 governs federal, state, and local regulation of the siting of communications towers by placing certain limitations on local zoning authority without totally preempting state and local law. This report provides an overview of the federal, state, and local laws governing the siting of wireless communications facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Date: May 20, 2008
Creator: Sargent, John F.
Description: This report provides an overview of Congressional support for the economic and societal benefits of nanotechnology; discusses three areas of focus - federal research and development (R&D) in nanotechnology, U.S. competitiveness, and environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns; and also discusses nanomanufacturing and public understanding of and attitudes toward nanotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nanotechnology and Environmental, Health, and Safety: Issues for Consideration

Nanotechnology and Environmental, Health, and Safety: Issues for Consideration

Date: August 6, 2008
Creator: Sargent, John F.
Description: This report identifies the potential environmental, health, and safety opportunities and challenges of nanotechnology; explains the importance of addressing nanotechnology environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns; identifies and discusses nanotechnology EHS issues; and summarizes options for Congressional action, including the nanotechnology EHS-related provisions of selected legislation. The report also includes two appendices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Advanced Technology Program

The Advanced Technology Program

Date: January 7, 2008
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: President Bush's FY2008 budget request did not include financing for ATP. The FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act, P.L. 110-161, replaces ATP with the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) and provides $65.2 million (with an additional $5 million in ATP FY2007 unobligated balances), 17.6% less than the previous fiscal year. P.L. 110- 69, the America COMPETES Act, authorized the creation of TIP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has a mandate to increase the competitiveness of U.S. firms and provide the measurement, calibration, and quality assurance techniques that underpin U.S. commerce. Congressional debate has focused on the merits of NIST's external R&D programs directed toward increased private sector commercialization, including the now terminated Advanced Technology Program (ATP) and the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP). This report discusses the funding for such programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Technology Innovation Program

The Technology Innovation Program

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the Technology Innovation Program (TIP), which was created at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to replace the Advanced Technology Program (ATP). This report also discusses the appropriations provided for this program by the FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act, as well as related financial and budgetary data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Engineered Nanoscale Materials and Derivative Products: Regulatory Challenges

Engineered Nanoscale Materials and Derivative Products: Regulatory Challenges

Date: July 18, 2008
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: The purpose of this report is to consider certain challenges faced by federal EHS risk assessors, risk managers, and policy makers, and to discuss possible legislative approaches to address those challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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