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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

Date: July 24, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: Unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), also called “spam” or “junk e-mail,” aggravates many computer users. Not only can spam be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Also, some spam involves fraud, or includes adult-oriented material that offends recipients or that parents want to protect their children from seeing. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique that is protected by the First Amendment. While 34 states have anti-spam laws, there is no federal law specifically concerning spam. Nine “antispam” bills are pending in the 108th Congress: H.R. 1933 (Lofgren), H.R. 2214 (Burr-Tauzin-Sensenbrenner), H.R. 2515 (Wilson), S. 563 (Dayton), S. 877 (Burns-Wyden), S. 1052 (Nelson-FL), S. 1231 (Schumer), S. 1293 (Hatch), and S. 1327 (Corzine). Tables providing brief “side-by-side” comparisons of the bills are included at the end of this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: Unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), also called “spam” or “junk e-mail,” aggravates many computer users. Not only can spam be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Also, some spam involves fraud, or includes adult-oriented material that offends recipients or that parents want to protect their children from seeing. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique that is protected by the First Amendment. While 34 states have anti-spam laws, there is no federal law specifically concerning spam. Nine “antispam” bills are pending in the 108th Congress: H.R. 1933 (Lofgren), H.R. 2214 (Burr-Tauzin-Sensenbrenner), H.R. 2515 (Wilson), S. 563 (Dayton), S. 877 (Burns-Wyden), S. 1052 (Nelson-FL), S. 1231 (Schumer), S. 1293 (Hatch), and S. 1327 (Corzine). Tables providing brief “side-by-side” comparisons of the bills are included in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

"Junk E-mail": An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail ("Spam")

Date: June 18, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: Unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), also called “spam” or “junk e-mail,” aggravates many computer users. Not only can spam be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique and protected by the First Amendment. While 33 states have anti-spam laws, there is no federal law. Six bills addressing the spam issue are pending in the 108th Congress: H.R. 1933 (Lofgren), H.R. 2214 (Burr-Tauzin-Sensenbrenner), S. 563 (Dayton), S. 877 (Burns-Wyden), S. 1052 (Nelson-FL), and S. 1231 (Schumer). Spam on wireless devices such as cell phones is discussed in CRS Report RL31636, Wireless Privacy: Availability of Location Information for Telemarketing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 108th Congress

Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 108th Congress

Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: Maguire, Steven & Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 108th Congress

Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 108th Congress

Date: March 8, 2004
Creator: Maguire, Steven & Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Tax Bills in the 108th Congress

Internet Tax Bills in the 108th Congress

Date: September 23, 2003
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Tax Bills in the 108th Congress

Internet Tax Bills in the 108th Congress

Date: August 7, 2003
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Tax Bills in the 108th Congress

Internet Tax Bills in the 108th Congress

Date: July 24, 2003
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Tax Bills in the 108th Congress

Internet Tax Bills in the 108th Congress

Date: June 4, 2003
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Data Mining: An Overview

Data Mining: An Overview

Date: December 16, 2004
Creator: Seifert, Jeffrey W
Description: Data mining is emerging as one of the key features of many homeland security initiatives. Often used as a means for detecting fraud, assessing risk, and product retailing, data mining involves the use of data analysis tools to discover previously unknown, valid patterns and relationships in large data sets. This report discusses the data mining uses (i.e. Terrorism Information Awareness (TIA) Program) and issues (i.e. data quality, interoperability, privacy), as well as the limitations of data mining.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department