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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Advanced Technology Program

The Advanced Technology Program

Date: August 10, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) was created by P.L. 100-418, the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, to encourage public-private cooperation in the development of pre-competitive technologies with broad application across industries. This activity has been targeted for elimination as a means to cut federal spending. This report discusses the ATP and related issues of federal appropriations (or the lack thereof).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Innovation Research Program

Small Business Innovation Research Program

Date: September 27, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND) and Defense Industries

China: Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND) and Defense Industries

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congressional interest in the Chinese military, or People’s Liberation Army (PLA), has increased as a result of the March 1996 tensions in the Taiwan Strait, continuing allegations of Chinese proliferation of technology useful in weapons of mass destruction, and reports that some Chinese defense-related corporations have circumvented U.S. export controls to acquire dual-use technology. The Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND), an important, high-level PLA organization, plays a role in China’s weapon programs, sales of civilian goods, acquisition of military technology, and arms sales and export controls. The purpose of this CRS Report is to examine the origins and command, roles, and influence of COSTIND.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Date: December 2, 1996
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manufacturing, Technology, and Competitiveness

Manufacturing, Technology, and Competitiveness

Date: January 12, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: This report discusses increases in the productivity of American firms to maintain competitiveness in the international marketplace.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Online Privacy Protection: Issues and Developments

Online Privacy Protection: Issues and Developments

Date: September 28, 1999
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report describes the basic elements and issues of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. It defines basic activities supported by the program, presents budget trends, discusses the management of program, and describes the infrastructure in which the program is implemented. This report is for staff new to the area of defense research and for senior staff interested in historical trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Date: July 14, 1999
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report describes the basic elements and issues of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. It defines basic activities supported by the program, presents budget trends, discusses the management of program, and describes the infrastructure in which the program is implemented. This report is for staff new to the area of defense research and for senior staff interested in historical trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: DOD's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Program

Defense Research: DOD's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Program

Date: August 13, 1999
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The Administration has requested $34.4 billion for the Department of Defense (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) program for FY2000. This is almost $3 billion below what was available for RDT&E in FY1999. In addition, the 6-year budget would maintain RDT&E between $34 billion and $35 billion over the next 6 years. In constant dollars, RDT&E spending will decline.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DOE Environmental Technology Department - A Fact Sheet

DOE Environmental Technology Department - A Fact Sheet

Date: March 11, 1994
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: The Department of Energy (DOE) established the Office of Technology Development in 1989 to develop faster and less expensive technical solutions to the Department's widespread environmental problems, primarily the legacy of decades of nuclear weapons production. Without new environmental technologies, DOE contends, some types of contamination may prove impossible to clean up. The Office of Technology Development, which is part of DOE's Environmental Management Program (EM), manages all stages of the development of new environmental restoration and waste management technologies, from basic research and development through final testing, demonstration and evaluation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Department of Science and Technology: A Recurring Theme

A Department of Science and Technology: A Recurring Theme

Date: February 3, 1995
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: Consolidation of many Federal research and development (R&D) activities into a Department of Science and Technology (S&T) has been proposed repeatedly since World War D, including in the last Congress. The trend, however, has been toward the creation of mission agencies with supporting R&D capabilities. Analyses of arguments for and against consolidation indicate that valid reasons exist on both sides of the issue. Specific consolidation proposals may be considered again during the 104th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Overview

Date: June 1, 1998
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G & Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP): An Overview

Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP): An Overview

Date: December 7, 1998
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This report discusses the Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP). After a brief description of the ADHP system, the report describes the ADHP's operation, organization, spending history and status. It then describes changes in its funding mechanism resultant from TEA 21 and issues of interest to Congress related to the ADHP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Information Infrastructure: The Federal Role

The National Information Infrastructure: The Federal Role

Date: November 5, 1994
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Protection for Noncreative Databases

Intellectual Property Protection for Noncreative Databases

Date: September 15, 1999
Creator: Schrader, Dorothy & Jeweler, Robin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Encryption Technology: Congressional Issues

Encryption Technology: Congressional Issues

Date: July 9, 1998
Creator: Nunno, Richard M
Description: This report discusses primarily, the controversy over encryption concerns what access the government should have to encrypted stored computer data or electronic communications (voice and data, wired and wireless) for law enforcement purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness

Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness

Date: December 2, 1996
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: In response to the foreign challenge in the global marketplace, the United States Congress has explored ways to stimulate technological advancement in the private sector. The government has supported various efforts to promote cooperative research and development activities among industry, universities, and the federal R&D establishment designed to increase the competitiveness of American industry and to encourage the generation of new products, processes, and services. Among the issues before Congress are whether joint ventures contribute to industrial competitiveness and what role, if any, the government has in facilitating such arrangements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Science and Technology: Issues for U.S. Policymakers

International Science and Technology: Issues for U.S. Policymakers

Date: September 16, 1994
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J; Boesman, William C; Knezo, Genevieve J; Mielke, James E & Morgan, Daniel
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of Ten Selected Science and Technology Policy Studies

Analysis of Ten Selected Science and Technology Policy Studies

Date: September 4, 1997
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: Since the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, a number of reports have been prepared on a broad range of science and technology (S&T) policy issues, most notably dealing with national research and development (R&D) goals, priorities, and budgets, and university-government-industry relationships. This report discusses and analyzes ten of these S&T reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, First Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, First Session

Date: July 16, 1999
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Science and Technology Strategies and Policies

Japan's Science and Technology Strategies and Policies

Date: October 14, 1992
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, First Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, First Session

Date: February 21, 1997
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, Second Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, Second Session

Date: September 9, 1998
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treatment Technologies at Superfund Sites

Treatment Technologies at Superfund Sites

Date: June 27, 1991
Creator: Wozniak, Alborz A & Reisch, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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