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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Technology Innovation Program

The Technology Innovation Program

Date: April 25, 2011
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: The Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) was established in 2007 to replace the Advanced Technology Program (ATP). This effort is designed "to support, promote, and accelerate innovation in the United States through highrisk, high-reward research in areas of critical national need," according to the authorizing legislation. Grants are provided to small and medium-sized firms for individual projects or joint ventures with other research organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Technology Innovation Program

The Technology Innovation Program

Date: December 3, 2010
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that was established in 2007 to replace the Advanced Technology Program (ATP). This effort is designed "to support, promote, and accelerate innovation in the United States through high-risk, high-reward research in areas of critical national need," according to the authorizing legislation. Grants are provided to small and medium-sized firms for individual projects or joint ventures with other research organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Sargent Jr., John F. & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President. It also discusses selected issues and options for Congress regarding OSTP's Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Smart Meter Data: Privacy and Cybersecurity

Smart Meter Data: Privacy and Cybersecurity

Date: February 3, 2012
Creator: Murrill, Brandon J.; Liu, Edward, C. & Thompson, Richard M., II
Description: Fueled by stimulus funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), electric utilities have accelerated their deployment of smart meters to millions of homes across the United States with help from the Department of Energy's Smart Grid Investment Grant program. As the meters multiply, so do issues concerning the privacy and security of the data collected by the new technology. Smart meters must record near-real time data on consumer electricity usage and transmit the data to utilities over great distances via communications networks that serve the smart grid. Detailed electricity usage data offers a window into the lives of people inside of a home by revealing what individual appliances they are using, and the transmission of the data potentially subjects this information to interception or theft by unauthorized third parties or hackers. Unforeseen consequences under federal law may result from the installation of smart meters and the communications technologies that accompany them. This report examines federal privacy and cybersecurity laws that may apply to consumer data collected by residential smart meters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Governance and the Domain Name System: Issues for Congress

Internet Governance and the Domain Name System: Issues for Congress

Date: November 13, 2013
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report provides a definition regarding Internet governance and how the Internet is currently governed. The report discusses the role of United States government and future model of Internet governance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science and Technology Issues in the 113th Congress

Science and Technology Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: December 27, 2013
Creator: Gottron, Frank
Description: This report briefly outlines an array of science and technology policy issues that may come before the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Date: April 11, 2011
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the idea that all Americans should be able to afford access to the telecommunications network; this is commonly called the “universal service concept” and can trace its origins back to the 1934 Communications Act. The current policy debate has focused on five concerns: the scope of the program; who should contribute and what methodology should be used to fund the program; eligibility criteria for benefits; concerns over possible program fraud, waste, and abuse; and the impact of the Antideficiency Act (ADA) on the USF.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
“Amazon” Laws and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

“Amazon” Laws and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

Date: July 26, 2012
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report covers ways in which states are attempting to capture taxes on Internet sales. Two basic approaches include imposing tax collection responsibilities on the retailer, and requiring remote sellers to provide tax information to the state and/or it's customers. This report covers the legality of both options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: July 17, 2013
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G. & Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: Report that provides an overview of the "digital divide", which is a term used to describe a perceived gap between those Americans who use or have access to telecommunications and information technologies and those who do not.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science and Technology Issues in the 113th Congress

Science and Technology Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: June 20, 2013
Creator: Gottron, Frank
Description: Report that briefly outlines an array of science and technology policy issues that may come before the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department