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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Data Mining: An Overview

Data Mining: An Overview

Date: December 16, 2004
Creator: Seifert, Jeffrey W
Description: Data mining is emerging as one of the key features of many homeland security initiatives. Often used as a means for detecting fraud, assessing risk, and product retailing, data mining involves the use of data analysis tools to discover previously unknown, valid patterns and relationships in large data sets. This report discusses the data mining uses (i.e. Terrorism Information Awareness (TIA) Program) and issues (i.e. data quality, interoperability, privacy), as well as the limitations of data mining.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Statistics: Explanation and Sources

Internet Statistics: Explanation and Sources

Date: February 6, 2002
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Statistics: Explanation and Sources

Internet Statistics: Explanation and Sources

Date: April 22, 2003
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computer Security: A Summary of Selected Federal Laws, Executive Orders, and Presidential Directives

Computer Security: A Summary of Selected Federal Laws, Executive Orders, and Presidential Directives

Date: April 16, 2004
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report provides a short summary of selected federal laws, executive orders, and presidential directives, currently in force, that govern computer security. The report focuses on the major roles and responsibilities assigned various federal agencies in the area of computer security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Voting

Internet Voting

Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Voting

Internet Voting

Date: September 23, 2003
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Voting: Issues and Legislation

Internet Voting: Issues and Legislation

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J & Nunno, Richard M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Voting: Issues and Legislation

Internet Voting: Issues and Legislation

Date: February 22, 2002
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Internet Tax Freedom Act: In Brief

The Internet Tax Freedom Act: In Brief

Date: June 11, 2015
Creator: Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report discusses the Internet Tax Freedom Act (ITFA; P.L. 105-277), which enacted in 1998, implemented a three-year moratorium preventing state and local governments from taxing Internet access, or imposing multiple or discriminatory taxes on electronic commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dark Web

Dark Web

Date: July 7, 2015
Creator: Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report illuminates information on the various layers of the Internet, with a particular focus on the Dark Web. It discusses both legitimate and illicit uses of the Dark Web, including how the government may rely upon it. Throughout, the report raises issues that policy makers may consider as they explore means to curb malicious activity online.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts

Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts

Date: August 28, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: The table in this report provides names and contact information for CRS experts on federal science, technology, and innovation policies, including authorizing programs and funding, making appropriations, and conducting oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Net Neutrality: Background and Issues

Net Neutrality: Background and Issues

Date: September 16, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele E.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Data Mining and Homeland Security: An Overview

Data Mining and Homeland Security: An Overview

Date: October 3, 2006
Creator: Seifert, Jeffrey W.
Description: Data mining has become one of the key features of many homeland security initiatives. Often used as a means for detecting fraud, assessing risk, and product retailing, data mining involves the use of data analysis tools to discover previously unknown, valid patterns and relationships in large data sets. In the context of homeland security, data mining can be a potential means to identify terrorist activities, such as money transfers and communications, and to identify and track individual terrorists themselves, such as through travel and immigration records. This report explores the issue of data mining in detail and in the context of homeland security, as well as relevant initiatives and pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Services for Agriculture: The Role of Technology

Information Services for Agriculture: The Role of Technology

Date: November 16, 1982
Creator: Chartrand, Robert L.; Carr, A. B. & Miller, Nancy
Description: Significant improvements in technology-supported information services have created opportunities for their utilization by the farmers and ranchers of our Nation. This report highlights the development and expanded offering of these systems, describes current operational and experimental systems, and presents salient legislative initiatives which address this priority area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Cyber Agreement

U.S.-China Cyber Agreement

Date: October 16, 2015
Creator: Rollins, John W.; Lawrence, Susan V.; Rennack, Dianne E. & Theohary, Catherine A.
Description: During the state visit on September 24-25, 2015, President Xi Jinping of China and President Barack Obama reached a Cyber Agreement. This report briefly discusses that agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Internet Tax Freedom Act: In Brief

The Internet Tax Freedom Act: In Brief

Date: October 5, 2015
Creator: Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report discusses the Internet Tax Freedom Act (ITFA; P.L. 105-277), which enacted in 1998, implemented a three-year moratorium preventing state and local governments from taxing Internet access, or imposing multiple or discriminatory taxes on electronic commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Court-Ordered Access to Smart Phones: In Brief

Court-Ordered Access to Smart Phones: In Brief

Date: February 23, 2016
Creator: Finklea, Kristin; Thompson, Richard M., II & Jaikaran, Chris
Description: This report specifically examines certain encryption issues that have been raised in the investigation of the December 2, 2015, terrorist attack in San Bernardino, CA. This report highlights certain issues that policymakers may examine as they follow the ongoing dispute between law enforcement and technology companies, and it focuses on questions related to the government's request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is Broadband Deployment Reasonable and Timely?

Is Broadband Deployment Reasonable and Timely?

Date: February 6, 2016
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report briefly discusses the state of broadband Internet in America as determined by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in its latest Broadband Progress Report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: November 13, 2001
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: Internet privacy issues encompass concerns about the collection of personally identifiable information from visitors to Web sites, as well as debate over law enforcement or employer monitoring of electronic mail and Web usage. In the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks, debate over the issue of law enforcement monitoring has intensified, with some advocating increased tools for law enforcement to track down terrorists, and others cautioning that fundamental tenets of democracy, such as privacy, not be endangered in that pursuit. This report provides a brief overview of Internet privacy issues and tracks pending legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The “E-Rate” Program and Controversies

Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The “E-Rate” Program and Controversies

Date: July 28, 2005
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report addresses the controversial issues surrounding the E-rate program’s implementation and subsequent legislative measures introduced to address these issues. An additional issue, concern that minors may gain access to “inappropriate” material through the Internet has also had an impact on the E-rate program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Tax Bills in the 105th Congress

Internet Tax Bills in the 105th Congress

Date: August 21, 1998
Creator: Noto, Nonna A.
Description: This report tracks the evolution and content of the Internet tax freedom bills. In general, the bills would impose a federal moratorium on the ability of state and local governments to impose taxes on certain aspects of the Internet and would establish a temporary federal commission to study selected issues and make policy recommendations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: This report examines state taxation of Internet transactions as well as efforts to achieve uniform state sales and use tax treatment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Semiconductor Manufacturing: Industry Trends, Global Competition, Federal Policy

U.S. Semiconductor Manufacturing: Industry Trends, Global Competition, Federal Policy

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D. & Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides background information on the Zika virus, discusses challenges faced by governments and implementing partners in the Latin America and Caribbean region that are attempting to control the ongoing outbreak, and analyzes these above issues in the context of the U.S. Zika response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treasury Issues White Paper on Fintech and Marketplace Lending

Treasury Issues White Paper on Fintech and Marketplace Lending

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Description: This report briefly discusses the context and contents of a white paper issued on May 10, 2016 by the U.S. Department of the Treasury. The paper analyzes regulatory issues for the marketplace lending industry and offers several recommendations for industry and government responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department