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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Taxation of Hedge Fund and Private Equity Managers

Taxation of Hedge Fund and Private Equity Managers

Date: March 7, 2014
Creator: Marples, Donald J.
Description: This report discusses the major issues surrounding the tax treatment of hedge fund and private equity managers and will be updated as legislative developments warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Distribution of the Tax Burden Across Individuals: An Overview

Distribution of the Tax Burden Across Individuals: An Overview

Date: December 13, 2004
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Shvedov, Maxim
Description: This report discusses in the first section different philosophies about how the tax burden should be distributed, and what those philosophies imply for the shape of the tax system. In particular, it addresses the question of the justifications for a progressive tax system (one where the share of income collected as a tax rises as income rises). This section is presented for the interested reader, but is not a necessary preliminary to examining the analysis in the second section, which presents estimates of the distribution of the federal and total U.S. tax burden. The third section of the report discusses the measures that can be used to characterize the distributional effects of tax changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides both an in-depth description of this tax credit and an analysis of its economic impact. This report is organized to first provide an overview of the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC), followed by a legislative history that highlights the evolution of education tax credits from proposals in the 1960s through the recent extension of the AOTC at the end of 2012. This report then analyzes the credit by looking at who claims the credit, the effect education tax credits have on increasing college attendance, and administrative issues with the AOTC. Finally, this report concludes with a brief overview of various policy options, including tax law changes proposed in Chairman Camp's tax reform bill3 and in the President's FY2015 budget request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

Date: July 24, 2009
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and its role in changes to U.S. laws related to bribery, tax havens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program Payments: Self-Employment Income, Rental Income, or Something Else?

Conservation Reserve Program Payments: Self-Employment Income, Rental Income, or Something Else?

Date: April 14, 2008
Creator: Pettit, Carol A.
Description: This report outlines the history of the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), the changing positions of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), pertinent case law, and other provisions of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC). Several possible approaches to the taxation of CRP payments are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

Date: March 11, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and its role in changes to U.S. laws related to bribery, tax havens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: The Energy Tax Incentives in the President's FY1999 Budget

Global Climate Change: The Energy Tax Incentives in the President's FY1999 Budget

Date: March 4, 1998
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Date: December 9, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: The growth of the national debt, which is considered unsustainable under current policies, continues to be one of the central issues of domestic federal policy making. On August 2, 2011, Congress adopted, and the President signed, the Budget Control Act (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which might be viewed as an initial step in addressing long-run debt issues. This report examines alternative approaches to reducing the deficit, relating to the immediate issues arising from the BCA and the extended tax cuts as well as to ongoing, longer-term decisions about how to bring the debt under control. It focuses on the trade-offs between limiting the provision of defense and domestic public goods, reducing transfers to persons including entitlements for the elderly and those with low income, reducing support for state and local governments, and raising taxes. Using projections of the debt and deficit, it also addresses how limiting reliance on one source of deficit reduction creates pressure on other sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A Brief Description

The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A Brief Description

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A Brief Description

The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A Brief Description

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department