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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Date: January 3, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: The 107th Congress did not pass tax incentives for private giving or legislation intended to assure equal treatment of religious organizations as providers of social services (provisions in S. 1924, the original CARE bill). The House voted to extend charitable choice rules to numerous new programs (H.R. 7), as the President urged, but the Senate refused. However, in an Executive Order, President Bush on December 12, 2002, directed six cabinet-level departments and the Agency for International Development (AID) to bring policies concerning social service programs into line with charitable choice principles set forth in the Order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Date: May 9, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: The 108th Congress has resumed efforts to pass tax incentives for private giving (S. 476, passed by the Senate on April 9, and H.R. 7, introduced May 7, 2003). However, these bills do not contain provisions intended to promote religious organizations as providers of federally funded social services – charitable choice provisions.. The House voted in 2001 to extend charitable choice rules, which now apply to a limited set of programs, to numerous new programs (H.R. 7 in the 107th Congress), as the President urged, but the Senate refused. However, in an Executive Order, President Bush on December 12, 2002, directed six cabinet-level departments and the Agency for International Development (AID) to bring policies concerning social service programs into line with charitable choice principles set forth in the Order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: The 108th Congress has resumed efforts to pass tax incentives for private giving (S. 476, passed by the Senate on April 9, and H.R. 7, introduced May 7, 2003). However, these bills do not contain provisions intended to promote religious organizations as providers of federally funded social services – charitable choice provisions.. The House voted in 2001 to extend charitable choice rules, which now apply to a limited set of programs, to numerous new programs (H.R. 7 in the 107th Congress), as the President urged, but the Senate refused. However, in an Executive Order, President Bush on December 12, 2002, directed six cabinet-level departments and the Agency for International Development (AID) to bring policies concerning social service programs into line with charitable choice principles set forth in the Order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Using Business Tax Cuts to Stimulate the Economy

Using Business Tax Cuts to Stimulate the Economy

Date: January 30, 2003
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Using Business Tax Cuts to Stimulate the Economy

Using Business Tax Cuts to Stimulate the Economy

Date: April 2, 2002
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telephone Excise Tax

Telephone Excise Tax

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Telephone Excise Tax: Revenues, Effects, and Repeal Proposals

The Telephone Excise Tax: Revenues, Effects, and Repeal Proposals

Date: February 1, 2001
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Issues Surrounding the Estate and Gift Tax: A Brief Summary

Economic Issues Surrounding the Estate and Gift Tax: A Brief Summary

Date: June 19, 2001
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: Supporters of the estate and gift tax argue that it provides progressivity in the federal tax system, provides a backstop to the individual income tax and appropriately targets assets that are bestowed on heirs rather than assets earned through their hard work and effort. However, progressivity can be obtained through the income tax and the estate and gift tax is an imperfect backstop to the income tax. Critics argue that the tax discourages savings, harms small businesses and farms, taxes resources already subject to income taxes, and adds to the complexity of the tax system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export Tax Benefits and the WTO: Foreign Sales Corporations (FSCs) and the Extraterritorial (ETI) Replacement Provisions

Export Tax Benefits and the WTO: Foreign Sales Corporations (FSCs) and the Extraterritorial (ETI) Replacement Provisions

Date: July 25, 2001
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: The U.S. tax code’s Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) provisions provided a tax benefit for U.S. exporters. However, the European Union (EU) in 1997 charged that the provision was an export subsidy and thus contravened the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements. A WTO ruling upheld the EU complaint, and to avoid WTO sanctioned retaliatory tariffs, U.S. legislation in November 2000 replaced FSC with the “extraterritorial income” (ETI) provisions, consisting of a redesigned export tax benefit of the same magnitude as FSC. The EU maintained that the new provisions are also not WTO-compliant and asked the WTO to rule on the matter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export Tax Benefits and the WTO: Foreign Sales Corporations and the Extraterritorial Replacement Provisions

Export Tax Benefits and the WTO: Foreign Sales Corporations and the Extraterritorial Replacement Provisions

Date: January 24, 2002
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: The U.S. tax code’s Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) provisions provided a tax benefit for U.S. exporters. However, the European Union (EU) in 1997 charged that the provision was an export subsidy and thus contravened the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements. A WTO ruling upheld the EU complaint, and to avoid WTO sanctioned retaliatory tariffs, U.S. legislation in November 2000 replaced FSC with the “extraterritorial income” (ETI) provisions, consisting of a redesigned export tax benefit of the same magnitude as FSC. The EU maintained that the new provisions are also not WTO-compliant and asked the WTO to rule on the matter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department