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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
What Effects Would the Expiration of the 2001 and 2003 Tax Cuts Have on the Economy?

What Effects Would the Expiration of the 2001 and 2003 Tax Cuts Have on the Economy?

Date: October 5, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: In 2001 and 2003, Congress enacted major tax cuts (popularly referred to as the "Bush tax cuts"), the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. Congress is currently debating whether to extend some or all of these tax cuts that are scheduled to expire at the end of 2010. This report discusses the two main economic arguments against allowing the tax cuts to expire as scheduled, using historical evidence and by examining the current economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capital Gains Taxes: An Overview

Capital Gains Taxes: An Overview

Date: August 30, 1999
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: The capital gains tax has been a tax cut target since the 1986 Tax Reform Act treated capital gains as ordinary income. An argument for lower capital gains taxes is reduction of the lock-in effect. Some also believe that lower capital gains taxes will cost little compared to the benefits they bring and that lower taxes induce additional economic growth, although the magnitude of these potential effects is in some dispute. Others criticize lower capital gains taxes as benefitting higher income individuals and express concerns about the budget effects, particularly in future years. Another criticism of lower rates is the possible role of a larger capital gains tax differential in encouraging tax sheltering activities and adding complexity to the tax law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Short-Run Macroeconomic Effects of Fundamental Tax Reform

Short-Run Macroeconomic Effects of Fundamental Tax Reform

Date: October 30, 1998
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G & Woodward, G. Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline and the Highway Trust Fund: A Short History

The Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline and the Highway Trust Fund: A Short History

Date: April 4, 2006
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J.
Description: Excise taxes have long been a part of our country's revenue history. The federal government first imposed its excise tax on gasoline at a one-cent per gallon rate in 1932 to correct a federal budgetary imbalance. The burden for much of the tax ultimately falls on the consumer. The Highway Revenue Act of 1956 established the federal Highway Trust Fund for the direct purpose of funding the construction of an interstate highway system and aiding in the finance of primary, secondary, and urban routes. This act increased the tax on gasoline from two to three cents per gallon. President Bush recently signed a piece of legislation that calls for the extension of the Highway Trust Fund excise tax and an eventual expiration after September 30, 2011.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major Tax Issues in the 107th Congress

Major Tax Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: May 24, 2001
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taxes and Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Reconciliation: A Brief Summary

Taxes and Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Reconciliation: A Brief Summary

Date: November 16, 2005
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Raising or Eliminating the Taxable Earnings Base

Social Security: Raising or Eliminating the Taxable Earnings Base

Date: January 20, 2004
Creator: Haltzel, Laura
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taxes and Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Reconciliation: A Brief Summary

Taxes and Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Reconciliation: A Brief Summary

Date: December 8, 2005
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Tax Law Changes Effective January 1, 2002

Selected Tax Law Changes Effective January 1, 2002

Date: January 4, 2002
Creator: Morris, Marie B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major Tax Issues in the 109th Congress

Major Tax Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: December 8, 2005
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department