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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Export Tax Benefits and the WTO: Foreign Sales Corporations (FSCs) and the Extraterritorial (ETI) Replacement Provisions

Export Tax Benefits and the WTO: Foreign Sales Corporations (FSCs) and the Extraterritorial (ETI) Replacement Provisions

Date: July 25, 2001
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: The U.S. tax code’s Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) provisions provided a tax benefit for U.S. exporters. However, the European Union (EU) in 1997 charged that the provision was an export subsidy and thus contravened the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements. A WTO ruling upheld the EU complaint, and to avoid WTO sanctioned retaliatory tariffs, U.S. legislation in November 2000 replaced FSC with the “extraterritorial income” (ETI) provisions, consisting of a redesigned export tax benefit of the same magnitude as FSC. The EU maintained that the new provisions are also not WTO-compliant and asked the WTO to rule on the matter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Funding School Renovation: Qualified Zone Academy Bonds vs. Traditional Tax-Exempt Bonds

Funding School Renovation: Qualified Zone Academy Bonds vs. Traditional Tax-Exempt Bonds

Date: July 25, 2001
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Choice Provisions of H.R. 7

Charitable Choice Provisions of H.R. 7

Date: July 21, 2001
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: H.R. 7, the Community Solutions Act, on July 19 won House passage without amendment by a vote of 233-198. The bill includes basic elements of President Bush’s faith-based initiatives: tax incentives for private giving–scaled back from original proposals (Title I)–and expansion of charitable choice (Title II). (Title III deals with individual development accounts.)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Revenue from Estate, Inheritance, and Gift Taxes

State Revenue from Estate, Inheritance, and Gift Taxes

Date: July 6, 2001
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Bush's Tax Proposal: A Brief Overview

President Bush's Tax Proposal: A Brief Overview

Date: June 21, 2001
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Issues Surrounding the Estate and Gift Tax: A Brief Summary

Economic Issues Surrounding the Estate and Gift Tax: A Brief Summary

Date: June 19, 2001
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: Supporters of the estate and gift tax argue that it provides progressivity in the federal tax system, provides a backstop to the individual income tax and appropriately targets assets that are bestowed on heirs rather than assets earned through their hard work and effort. However, progressivity can be obtained through the income tax and the estate and gift tax is an imperfect backstop to the income tax. Critics argue that the tax discourages savings, harms small businesses and farms, taxes resources already subject to income taxes, and adds to the complexity of the tax system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Level of Taxes in the United States, 1940-2000

The Level of Taxes in the United States, 1940-2000

Date: June 15, 2001
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Individual Alternative Minimum Tax: Interaction with Marriage Penalty Relief and Other Tax Cuts

The Individual Alternative Minimum Tax: Interaction with Marriage Penalty Relief and Other Tax Cuts

Date: June 12, 2001
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues

The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues

Date: June 12, 2001
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): Issues and Proposed Expansion

Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): Issues and Proposed Expansion

Date: June 11, 2001
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department