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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Taxation of Student Aid: An Overview

Federal Taxation of Student Aid: An Overview

Date: February 4, 2002
Creator: Levine, Linda & Lyke, Bob
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Date: September 6, 2002
Creator: Levine, Linda & Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Date: January 17, 2003
Creator: Levine, Linda & Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Date: April 21, 2003
Creator: Levine, Linda & Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Excise Tax on High-Cost Employer-Sponsored Health Coverage: Background and Economic Analysis

The Excise Tax on High-Cost Employer-Sponsored Health Coverage: Background and Economic Analysis

Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report gives a brief description of the excise tax on high-cost employer-sponsored coverage, commonly referred to as the Cadillac tax, including the legislative origins of the tax and an analysis of the revenue effects of the tax. It also analyzes the Cadillac tax using standard economic criteria of efficiency, equity, and administrative simplicity as well as an analysis of health insurance premium data to provide insights into what share of health insurance plans could exceed the Cadillac tax threshold and how the threshold could affect more health plans over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health-Related Tax Expenditures: Overview and Analysis

Health-Related Tax Expenditures: Overview and Analysis

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report analyzes health-related tax expenditures together at the budget function level, rather than focusing on the size of any single provision. To provide some insights into common questions about health-related expenditures, this report analyzes historical data on health-related tax expenditure estimates published by the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Itemized Tax Deductions for Individuals: Data Analysis

Itemized Tax Deductions for Individuals: Data Analysis

Date: February 12, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report analyzes data about reforming itemized tax deductions for individuals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Date: May 22, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report briefly summarizes four community assistance-related tax provisions included in the EXPIRE Act, which are (1) the New Markets Tax Credit, (2) Empowerment Zone Tax Incentives, (3) allocation of bond limitations for Qualified Zone Academy Bonds, and (4) the American Samoa Economic Development Credit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Date: October 21, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report briefly summarizes four community assistance-related tax provisions included in the Expiring Provisions Improvement Reform and Efficiency (EXPIRE) Act, which are the New Markets Tax Credit, Empowerment Zone Tax Incentives, allocation of bond limitations for Qualified Zone Academy Bonds, and the American Samoa Economic Development Credit. The EXPIRE Act would extend each of these provisions for two years (through 2015). A discussion of their economic impact and related extension bills in the 113th Congress is also included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Deductions for Individuals: A Summary

Tax Deductions for Individuals: A Summary

Date: January 8, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report first describes what tax deductions are, how they vary in their effects on reducing taxable income, and how they differ from other provisions (e.g., exclusions or credits). Next, it discusses the rationale for deductions as part of the tax code. The final section of this report includes tables that summarize each individual tax deduction, under current law. Many of these deductions are part of the permanent income tax code.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: August 9, 2001
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes, has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes utilized in the period 1789 to 1915; (2) the development of the modern estate and gift taxes from 1916 through 1975; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phase out and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: April 9, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes, has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes utilized in the period 1789 to 1915; (2) the development of the modern estate and gift taxes from 1916 through 1975; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phase out and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

Date: March 1, 2004
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 5, 2008
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits. The federal estate tax is computed through a series of adjustments and modifications of a tax base known as the "gross estate." Certain allowable deductions reduce the gross estate to the "taxable estate," to which is then added the total of all lifetime taxable gifts made by the decedent. The tax rates are applied and, after reduction for certain allowable credits, the amount of tax owed by the estate is reached.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, And Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description Of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, And Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description Of Current Law

Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: May 4, 2012
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits. The federal estate tax is computed through a series of adjustments and modifications of a tax base known as the "gross estate." Certain allowable deductions reduce the gross estate to the "taxable estate," to which is then added the total of all lifetime taxable gifts made by the decedent. The tax rates are applied and, after reduction for certain allowable credits, the amount of tax owed by the estate is reached.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 19, 2007
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits. The federal estate tax is computed through a series of adjustments and modifications of a tax base known as the "gross estate." Certain allowable deductions reduce the gross estate to the "taxable estate," to which is then added the total of all lifetime taxable gifts made by the decedent. The tax rates are applied and, after reduction for certain allowable credits, the amount of tax owed by the estate is reached.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: January 3, 2008
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: Three primary categories of legislation pertaining to transfer taxes have been introduced in the 110th Congress. As noted above, the repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes is not permanent. One category would make the repeal permanent. (See, H.R. 411 and H.R. 2380). Another category would accelerate the repeal of these transfer taxes. (See, H.R. 25, H.R. 1040, H.R. 1586, H.R. 4042, S. 1025, S. 1040, and S. 1081). The third would reinstate these taxes at lower rates and/or in a manner more considerate of family-owned business. (See, H.R. 1928, H.R. 3170, H.R. 3475, H.R. 4172, H.R. 4235, H.R. 4242, and S. 1994). In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes used between 1789 and 1915; (2) the development, from 1916 through 1975, of the modern estate and gift taxes; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phaseout and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
501(c)(4)s and the Gift Tax: Legal Analysis

501(c)(4)s and the Gift Tax: Legal Analysis

Date: August 10, 2012
Creator: Luckey, John R. & Lunder, Erika K.
Description: This report discusses whether substantial donations to tax-exempt 501(c)(4) organizations are subject to the federal gift tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Application Process for Seeking 501(c)(3) Tax-Exempt Status

Application Process for Seeking 501(c)(3) Tax-Exempt Status

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Lunder, Erika
Description: Charities and other entities seeking tax-exempt status as 501(c)(3) organizations generally must apply to the Internal Revenue Service. This report provides an overview of the application process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department