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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Global Climate Change: The Energy Tax Incentives in the President's FY2000 Budget

Global Climate Change: The Energy Tax Incentives in the President's FY2000 Budget

Date: February 4, 1999
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report discusses the FY2000 budget, which includes several energy tax incentives intended to reduce greenhouse gasses linked to possible global warming.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Incentives for Alcohol Fuels

Tax Incentives for Alcohol Fuels

Date: February 9, 1995
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: None
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The Tax Treatment of Alternative Transportation Fuels

The Tax Treatment of Alternative Transportation Fuels

Date: March 19, 1997
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: None
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Taxes to Finance Superfund

Taxes to Finance Superfund

Date: September 13, 1996
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: None
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Energy Tax Policy

Energy Tax Policy

Date: October 1, 2002
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore & Holt, Mark
Description: Omnibus energy legislation (H.R. 4) that is now in conference would expand energy tax incentives significantly. The House passed the bill on August 2, 2001, and the Senate approved its version April 25, 2002. Several energy tax issues are addressed in these bills: 1) tax incentives to increase the supply of oil and gas, and the demand for coal; 2) energy tax issues relating to energy conservation and energy efficiency; 3) energy tax issues relating to alternative fuels; 4) selected issues relating to electricity restructuring; and 5) expiring energy tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Treatment of Employer Educational Assistance for the Benefit of Employees

Tax Treatment of Employer Educational Assistance for the Benefit of Employees

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: Educational assistance offered by employers to their employees may be exempt from federal income tax under Section 127 and Section 132 of the Internal Revenue Code. Section 127 is the employer educational assistance exclusion; Section 132, the fringe benefit exclusion for working condition benefits (e.g., job-related eduction) among other benefits. Congress established the two tax provisions well before it enacted to her higher education tax benefits meant to assist taxpayers, their spouses, and dependents -- regardless of employment status -- pay current educational expenses incurred while obtaining postsecondary degrees and undertaking lifelong learning.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Work Opportunity Tax Credit: A Fact Sheet

The Work Opportunity Tax Credit: A Fact Sheet

Date: April 2, 1998
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The 104th Congress replaced the Targeted Jobs Tax Credit (TJTC, 1978-1994) with the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) in section 1201 of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-188). This document provides basic facts about the WOTC.
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The Work Opportunity Tax Credit and the 105th Congress

The Work Opportunity Tax Credit and the 105th Congress

Date: May 14, 1998
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) was initiated in the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-188). It is a temporary measure intended to encourage for-profit employers to hire members of specifically designated groups thought to experience recurring problems in the labor market. This document describes the WOTC and identifies issues for members of the 105th Congress.
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The Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) and the Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Tax Credit

The Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) and the Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Tax Credit

Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The Work Opportunity Tax Credit and Welfare-to-Work Tax Credit are temporary provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. Since their initiation in the mid-1990s, the Congress has allowed the credits to lapse four of the five times they were up for reauthorization. In each instance, they were reinstated retroactive to their expiration dates as part of large tax-related measures. The employment tax credits never have been addressed independently of broader legislation. This report describes the WOTC and WtW Tax Credit and outlines issues for members of Congress.
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Federal Taxation of Student Aid: An Overview

Federal Taxation of Student Aid: An Overview

Date: February 4, 2002
Creator: Levine, Linda & Lyke, Bob
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Date: September 6, 2002
Creator: Levine, Linda & Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Date: January 17, 2003
Creator: Levine, Linda & Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice

Date: April 21, 2003
Creator: Levine, Linda & Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Excise Tax on High-Cost Employer-Sponsored Health Coverage: Background and Economic Analysis

The Excise Tax on High-Cost Employer-Sponsored Health Coverage: Background and Economic Analysis

Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report gives a brief description of the excise tax on high-cost employer-sponsored coverage, commonly referred to as the Cadillac tax, including the legislative origins of the tax and an analysis of the revenue effects of the tax. It also analyzes the Cadillac tax using standard economic criteria of efficiency, equity, and administrative simplicity as well as an analysis of health insurance premium data to provide insights into what share of health insurance plans could exceed the Cadillac tax threshold and how the threshold could affect more health plans over time.
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Health-Related Tax Expenditures: Overview and Analysis

Health-Related Tax Expenditures: Overview and Analysis

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report analyzes health-related tax expenditures together at the budget function level, rather than focusing on the size of any single provision. To provide some insights into common questions about health-related expenditures, this report analyzes historical data on health-related tax expenditure estimates published by the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT).
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Itemized Tax Deductions for Individuals: Data Analysis

Itemized Tax Deductions for Individuals: Data Analysis

Date: February 12, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report analyzes data about reforming itemized tax deductions for individuals.
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Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Date: May 22, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report briefly summarizes four community assistance-related tax provisions included in the EXPIRE Act, which are (1) the New Markets Tax Credit, (2) Empowerment Zone Tax Incentives, (3) allocation of bond limitations for Qualified Zone Academy Bonds, and (4) the American Samoa Economic Development Credit.
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Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Date: October 21, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report briefly summarizes four community assistance-related tax provisions included in the Expiring Provisions Improvement Reform and Efficiency (EXPIRE) Act, which are the New Markets Tax Credit, Empowerment Zone Tax Incentives, allocation of bond limitations for Qualified Zone Academy Bonds, and the American Samoa Economic Development Credit. The EXPIRE Act would extend each of these provisions for two years (through 2015). A discussion of their economic impact and related extension bills in the 113th Congress is also included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Deductions for Individuals: A Summary

Tax Deductions for Individuals: A Summary

Date: January 8, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report first describes what tax deductions are, how they vary in their effects on reducing taxable income, and how they differ from other provisions (e.g., exclusions or credits). Next, it discusses the rationale for deductions as part of the tax code. The final section of this report includes tables that summarize each individual tax deduction, under current law. Many of these deductions are part of the permanent income tax code.
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Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: August 9, 2001
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes, has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes utilized in the period 1789 to 1915; (2) the development of the modern estate and gift taxes from 1916 through 1975; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phase out and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: April 9, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes, has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes utilized in the period 1789 to 1915; (2) the development of the modern estate and gift taxes from 1916 through 1975; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phase out and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department