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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Reducing the Budget Deficit: Tax Policy Options

Reducing the Budget Deficit: Tax Policy Options

Date: July 13, 2011
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report analyzes various revenue options for deficit reduction, highlighting proposals made by the President's Fiscal Commission and the Debt Reduction Task Force. Others, such as House Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan and the Obama Administration, have noted the importance of tax reform as part of a deficit reduction plans. These plans, however, do not provide the same level of detail as the Fiscal Commission and Debt Reduction Task Force, and are therefore not reviewed in detail as part of this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Gap: Should the 3% Withholding Requirement on Payments to Contractors by Government Be Repealed?

Tax Gap: Should the 3% Withholding Requirement on Payments to Contractors by Government Be Repealed?

Date: July 18, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report covers the background and current status of three bills introduced to the 112th Congress to repeal Section 511 withholding provisions. The bills are S. 89, S. 164, and H.R. 674, as well as S.Amdt. 405 to S.782, the Economic Development Revitalization Act of 2011.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Statutory Individual Income Tax Rates and Other Elements of the Tax System: 1988 through 2008

Statutory Individual Income Tax Rates and Other Elements of the Tax System: 1988 through 2008

Date: 2008-15-21
Creator: Shvedov, Maxim
Description: This report summarizes information about the tax brackets and other key elements of the tax system that determine taxpayer's statutory marginal tax rate. Such elements include tax brackets, exemptions, standard deductions, etc. Statutory individual income tax rates, also referred to as “statutory marginal tax rates,” are the rates of tax applicable to the last (marginal) increment of taxable income. Statutory rates play an important role in determining the real marginal tax rates, which affect taxpayers' economic behavior.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Gap: Should the 3% Withholding Requirement on Payments to Contractors by Government Be Repealed?

Tax Gap: Should the 3% Withholding Requirement on Payments to Contractors by Government Be Repealed?

Date: September 12, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This reports discusses tax gaps and withholding, and concerns and legislation regarding these issues in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Renewable Electricity: How Does the Production Tax Credit (PTC) Impact Wind Markets?

U.S. Renewable Electricity: How Does the Production Tax Credit (PTC) Impact Wind Markets?

Date: June 20, 2012
Creator: Brown, Phillip
Description: This report discusses the use of wind as a power source, including: production tax credits (PTC), U.S. electricity demand growth, and the price of natural gas. Issues for Congress include whether or not the PTC will be extended.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of the “Buffett Rule”

An Analysis of the “Buffett Rule”

Date: October 7, 2011
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: This report examines the Buffett rule, but uses a measure of income that captures the ability to pay taxes and incorporates the effect of the corporate income tax in addition to the individual income tax and the payroll tax. The Buffet rule states that "no household making over $1 million annually should pay a smaller share of its income in taxes than middle-class families pay" and is named after Warren Buffett, the chairman of Berkshire Hathaway. The report includes figures, tables, and appendices to illustrate calculations and issues involved with the topic.
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Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report primarily covers fundamental tax reform. CRS reports are available online concerning the other three categories of tax reform: tax reform based on the elimination of the individual alternative minimum tax (AMT), proposals for reforming the corporate income tax, and proposals for reforming the U.S. taxation of international business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Date: May 31, 2012
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report gives an overview of tax reform issues. The President and leading members of Congress have stated that fundamental tax reform is a major policy objective for the 112th Congress. Some Members have said that fundamental tax reform is needed in order to raise a large amount of additional revenue, which is necessary to reduce high forecast budget deficits and the sharply rising national debt. Congressional interest has been expressed in both a major overhaul of the U.S. tax system and the feasibility of levying a consumption tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: June 11, 2012
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report gives an overview of the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC)—enacted on a temporary basis by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and extended through the end of 2012 by the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010— which is a partially-refundable tax credit that provides financial assistance to taxpayers who are attending college, or whose children are attending college. There are a variety of policy options mentioned in the report regarding the AOTC, including extending the credit, extending a modified AOTC, or repealing the Hope and Lifetime Credits and extending a modified AOTC that includes provisions included in these credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Taxation of Aliens Working in the United States

Federal Taxation of Aliens Working in the United States

Date: May 18, 2012
Creator: Lunder, Erika K.
Description: This report outlines issues regarding the taxation of aliens since several pieces of current legislation have been introduced that would impose restrictions for claiming child tax credits or for claiming credits and refunds. The report includes an overview of immigration status, resident or nonresident aliens, taxation of income for various classifications, and Social Security and medicare taxes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department