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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Tax Reform in the 113th Congress: An Overview of Proposals

Tax Reform in the 113th Congress: An Overview of Proposals

Date: May 6, 2013
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report provides background information regarding tax reform and discusses ways to make the U.S. tax system simpler, fairer, and more efficient.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Medical Device Excise Tax: Economic Analysis

The Medical Device Excise Tax: Economic Analysis

Date: December 23, 2013
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Lowry, Sean
Description: This report reviews the issues surrounding the medical devices tax within the framework of basic principles surrounding the choice of commodities to tax under excise taxes. The next section describes the tax and its legislative origins. After that, the report analyzes the arguments for retaining and repealing the tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Deductions for Individuals: A Summary

Tax Deductions for Individuals: A Summary

Date: January 8, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report first describes what tax deductions are, how they vary in their effects on reducing taxable income, and how they differ from other provisions (e.g., exclusions or credits). Next, it discusses the rationale for deductions as part of the tax code. The final section of this report includes tables that summarize each individual tax deduction, under current law. Many of these deductions are part of the permanent income tax code.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recently Expired Charitable Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Recently Expired Charitable Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Date: unknown
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report briefly summarizes the temporary charitable tax provisions that expired at the end of 2013 and are being considered for extension. The report also discusses the economic impact of these charitable tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Date: May 22, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report briefly summarizes four community assistance-related tax provisions included in the EXPIRE Act, which are (1) the New Markets Tax Credit, (2) Empowerment Zone Tax Incentives, (3) allocation of bond limitations for Qualified Zone Academy Bonds, and (4) the American Samoa Economic Development Credit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Expired and Expiring Temporary Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders")

Expired and Expiring Temporary Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders")

Date: April 7, 2014
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report discusses dozens of temporary tax provisions that expired at the end of 2013, and several other temporary tax provisions that are scheduled to expire at the end of 2014.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Restrictions on Itemized Tax Deductions: Policy Options and Analysis

Restrictions on Itemized Tax Deductions: Policy Options and Analysis

Date: May 21, 2013
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report analyzes various proposals to restrict itemized deductions--both across-the-board and individually tailored--using standard economic criteria of economic efficiency, distribution, simplicity, and estimated revenue effects. In particular, this report estimates each proposal's potential to contribute to revenue-neutral reductions in income tax rates and the consequences for economic behavior.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

Date: September 3, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: This report examines the Bush tax cuts within the context of the current and long-term economic and budgetary environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Medical Device Excise Tax: Economic Analysis

The Medical Device Excise Tax: Economic Analysis

Date: November 3, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Lowry, Sean
Description: This report reviews the issues surrounding the medical devices tax within the framework of basic principles surrounding the choice of commodities to tax under excise taxes. The next section describes the tax and its legislative origins. After that, the report analyzes the arguments for retaining and repealing the tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Deductibility of State and Local Taxes

Federal Deductibility of State and Local Taxes

Date: November 10, 2014
Creator: Maguire, Steven & Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report provides a brief history of deductible state and local taxes, and discusses deduction for real estate property taxes, deductions for income, sales, and use taxes. The report also discusses policy alternatives and current legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Date: October 21, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report briefly summarizes four community assistance-related tax provisions included in the Expiring Provisions Improvement Reform and Efficiency (EXPIRE) Act, which are the New Markets Tax Credit, Empowerment Zone Tax Incentives, allocation of bond limitations for Qualified Zone Academy Bonds, and the American Samoa Economic Development Credit. The EXPIRE Act would extend each of these provisions for two years (through 2015). A discussion of their economic impact and related extension bills in the 113th Congress is also included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform in the 113th Congress: An Overview of Proposals

Tax Reform in the 113th Congress: An Overview of Proposals

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report provides background information regarding tax reform and discusses ways to make the U.S. tax system simpler, fairer, and more efficient.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recently Expired Charitable Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Recently Expired Charitable Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Date: October 17, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report discusses the four charitable tax provisions are discussed in this report: the enhanced charitable deduction for contributions of food inventory; tax-free distributions from individual retirement accounts for charitable purposes; basis adjustment to stock of S corporations making charitable contributions of property; and special rules for contributions of capital gain real property for conservation purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Recently Expired Individual Tax Provisions ("Extenders"): In Brief

Selected Recently Expired Individual Tax Provisions ("Extenders"): In Brief

Date: October 17, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report briefly summarizes and discusses items categorized as individual tax provisions. These and other temporary tax provisions that are regularly extended for one or two years are often referred to as "tax extenders."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Provisions that Expired in 2014 ("Tax Extenders")

Tax Provisions that Expired in 2014 ("Tax Extenders")

Date: February 6, 2015
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report provides a broad overview of the tax extenders that retroactively extend expired tax provisions, including the Tax Increase Prevention Act of 2014, which made tax provisions that had expired at the end of 2013 available to taxpayers for the 2014 tax year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Options for Financing Health Care Reform

Tax Options for Financing Health Care Reform

Date: March 2, 2010
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report reviews the revenue raisers proposed to fund health care reform. Other financing proposals are presented including those made by the Obama Administration and those introduced in earlier congressional work. The final sections discuss other proposals suggested by the round-table discussion participants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Rum Excise Tax Cover-Over: Legislative History and Current Issues

The Rum Excise Tax Cover-Over: Legislative History and Current Issues

Date: January 20, 2010
Creator: Maguire, Steven & Teefy, Jennifer
Description: This report provides a history and analysis of the rum cover-over program and current legislative efforts to modify the program. The congressional debate on this legislation could also lead to debate on the broader issue of the cover-over program more generally.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 111th Congress

Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 111th Congress

Date: March 19, 2010
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report primarily covers fundamental tax reform by discussing background and proposals for review during the 111th Congress. It includes sections about fundamental tax reform, the relationship between income and consumption, what should be taxed, types of broad-based consumption taxes, international comparisons, other types of fundamental tax reform, legislative proposals and other legislation, and sections looking at other specific kinds of taxation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Minimum Taxpayers by State: 2009, 2010, and Projections for 2012

Alternative Minimum Taxpayers by State: 2009, 2010, and Projections for 2012

Date: December 4, 2012
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: Report that breaks down, state-by-state, the percentage of taxpayers subject to Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT), and also maps out these projections for the year 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 179 and Bonus Depreciation Expensing Allowances: Current Law, Legislative Proposals in the 112th Congress, and Economic Effects

Section 179 and Bonus Depreciation Expensing Allowances: Current Law, Legislative Proposals in the 112th Congress, and Economic Effects

Date: August 14, 2012
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report examines the current status, legislative history, and economic effects of the two expensing allowances (Section 179 and Bonus Depreciation Allowance) and also discusses initiatives in the 112th Congress to modify them. Expensing is the most accelerated form of depreciation for tax purposes. Section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) allows a taxpayer to expense up to $125,000 of the total cost of new and used qualified depreciable assets it buys and places in service in 2012, within certain limits. In addition, Section 168(k) generally allows taxpayers to expense half the cost of qualified assets bought and placed in service in 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Superfund Taxes or General Revenues: Future Funding Issues for the Superfund Program

Superfund Taxes or General Revenues: Future Funding Issues for the Superfund Program

Date: February 4, 2008
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Reisch, Mark & McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses the role of dedicated taxes and other sources of revenue in funding the Hazardous Substance Superfund Trust Fund.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Provisions to Assist with Disaster Recovery

Tax Provisions to Assist with Disaster Recovery

Date: November 29, 2012
Creator: Lunder, Erika K.; Pettit, Carol A. & Teefy, Jennifer
Description: Report that provides a basic overview of existing, permanent provisions that benefit victims of disasters, as well as past, targeted legislative responses to particular disasters. The relief is discussed without examining either the qualifications for or the limitation on claiming the provisions' benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Treaty Legislation in the 110th Congress: Explanation and Economic Analysis

Tax Treaty Legislation in the 110th Congress: Explanation and Economic Analysis

Date: May 22, 2008
Creator: Marples, Donald J.
Description: This report discusses the proposals that are designed to curb “treaty shopping” — instances where a foreign parent firm in one country receives its U.S.-source income through an intermediate subsidiary in a third country that is signatory to a tax-reducing treaty with the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taxes and the Economy: An Economic Analysis of the Top Tax Rates Since 1945

Taxes and the Economy: An Economic Analysis of the Top Tax Rates Since 1945

Date: September 14, 2012
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: This report attempts to clarify whether or not there is an association between the tax rates of the highest income taxpayers and economic growth. Data is analyzed to illustrate the association between the tax rates of the highest income taxpayers and measures of economic growth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department