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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Internet Tax Legislation: Distinguishing Issues
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Summary of Joint Committee on Taxation's Staff Proposals Relating to Charitable Contributions
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State Estate and Gift Tax Revenue
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Fundamental Tax Reform: Options for the Mortgage Interest Deduction
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Dynamic Scoring for Tax Legislation: A Review of Models
This report first explains dynamic scoring, including the types of effects incorporated and the types of models used, as well as what groups conduct or have conducted macroeconomic analysis of tax changes. The following section discusses the specific issues associated with tax reform. The final section discusses general issues surrounding the use of various models and reviews the empirical evidence on supply side responses. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc461992/
What Effects Would the Expiration of the 2001 and 2003 Tax Cuts Have on the Economy?
In 2001 and 2003, Congress enacted major tax cuts (popularly referred to as the "Bush tax cuts"), the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. Congress is currently debating whether to extend some or all of these tax cuts that are scheduled to expire at the end of 2010. This report discusses the two main economic arguments against allowing the tax cuts to expire as scheduled, using historical evidence and by examining the current economic environment. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31383/
Major Tax Issues in the 106th Congress: A Summary
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Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source
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Major Tax Issues in the 106th Congress: A Summary
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The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues
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Across-the-Board Tax Cuts: Economic Issues
This report examines economic issues relating to across-the-board tax cuts, focusing primarily on distributional issues. The report is divided into four sections. The first section provides a general overview of the tax system. The next discusses recent proposals relating to across-the-board tax cuts. The third section discusses methods of evaluating alternative types of across-the-board tax cuts. The final section briefly discusses issues of efficiency, simplicity, and stabilization policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1954/
Characteristics of and Reporting Requirements for Selected Tax-Exempt Organizations
This report addresses in summary fashion the differences among several kinds of tax-exempt organizations described in Internal Revenue Code [IRC] subsections 501(c)(3), 501(c)(4), 501(c)(5), 501(c)(6), and section 527. Each of these types of organization has a unique statutory definition, is subject to certain statutory limitations on its activities, enjoys certain benefits from obtaining tax-exempt status, and must share certain information with the general public. Following the report is a table which summarizes this information. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1959/
Across-the-Board Tax Cuts: Economic Issues
This report examines economic issues relating to across-the-board tax cuts, focusing primarily on distributional issues. The report is divided into four sections. The first section provides a general overview of the tax system. The next discusses recent proposals relating to across-the-board tax cuts. The third section discusses methods of evaluating alternative types of across-the-board tax cuts. The final section briefly discusses issues of efficiency, simplicity, and stabilization policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1953/
The Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline and the Highway Trust Fund: A Short History
Excise taxes have long been a part of our country's revenue history. The federal government first imposed its excise tax on gasoline at a one-cent per gallon rate in 1932 to correct a federal budgetary imbalance. The burden for much of the tax ultimately falls on the consumer. The Highway Revenue Act of 1956 established the federal Highway Trust Fund for the direct purpose of funding the construction of an interstate highway system and aiding in the finance of primary, secondary, and urban routes. This act increased the tax on gasoline from two to three cents per gallon. President Bush recently signed a piece of legislation that calls for the extension of the Highway Trust Fund excise tax and an eventual expiration after September 30, 2011. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10496/
The Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals
This report provides a brief overview of the alternative minimum tax (AMT) for individuals, discusses the issues associated with the current system, and describes current legislation to amend the AMT. The report will be updated as legislative action warrants. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10481/
Major Tax Issues in the 107th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 107th Congress
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Taxes and Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Reconciliation: A Brief Summary
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The Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals
This report provides a brief overview of the alternative minimum tax (AMT) for individuals, discusses the issues associated with the current system, and describes current legislation to amend the AMT. The report will be updated as legislative action warrants. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9738/
The Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals
This report provides a brief overview of the alternative minimum tax (AMT) for individuals, discusses the issues associated with the current system, and describes current legislation to amend the AMT. The report will be updated as legislative action warrants. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5434/
Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Short-Run Macroeconomic Effects of Fundamental Tax Reform
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Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source
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Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source
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Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source
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Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source
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Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source
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Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source
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Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source
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Major Tax Issues in the 107th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Capital Gains Taxes: An Overview
The capital gains tax has been a tax cut target since the 1986 Tax Reform Act treated capital gains as ordinary income. An argument for lower capital gains taxes is reduction of the lock-in effect. Some also believe that lower capital gains taxes will cost little compared to the benefits they bring and that lower taxes induce additional economic growth, although the magnitude of these potential effects is in some dispute. Others criticize lower capital gains taxes as benefitting higher income individuals and express concerns about the budget effects, particularly in future years. Another criticism of lower rates is the possible role of a larger capital gains tax differential in encouraging tax sheltering activities and adding complexity to the tax law. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1024/
The Potential Distributional Effects of the Alternative Minimum Tax
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress
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Alternative Minimum Taxpayers by State
This report discusses the alternative minimum tax (AMT) with respect to the percentage of taxpayers who fall under the AMT as divided by state. The report also briefly addresses related legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6775/
The Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals: Legislative Initiatives and Their Revenue Effects
This report discusses legislative initiatives regarding the alternative minimum tax (AMT) for individuals, which was originally enacted to ensure that all taxpayers, especially high-income taxpayers, paid at least a minimum amount of federal taxes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6727/
Major Tax Issues in the 109th Congress
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